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  • An Amperometric Biosensor for the Determination of Bacterial Sepsis Biomarker, Secretory Phospholipase Group 2-IIA Using a Tri-Enzyme System.

An Amperometric Biosensor for the Determination of Bacterial Sepsis Biomarker, Secretory Phospholipase Group 2-IIA Using a Tri-Enzyme System.

Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) (2018-03-03)
Nik Nurhanan Nik Mansor, Tan Toh Leong, Eka Safitri, Dedi Futra, Nurul Saadah Ahmad, Dian Nasriana Nasuruddin, Azlin Itnin, Ida Zarina Zaini, Khaizurin Tajul Arifin, Lee Yook Heng, Nurul Izzaty Hassan
ABSTRACT

A tri-enzyme system consisting of choline kinase/choline oxidase/horseradish peroxidase was used in the rapid and specific determination of the biomarker for bacterial sepsis infection, secretory phospholipase Group 2-IIA (sPLA2-IIA). These enzymes were individually immobilized onto the acrylic microspheres via succinimide groups for the preparation of an electrochemical biosensor. The reaction of sPLA2-IIA with its substrate initiated a cascading enzymatic reaction in the tri-enzyme system that led to the final production of hydrogen peroxide, which presence was indicated by the redox characteristics of potassium ferricyanide, K₃Fe(CN)₆. An amperometric biosensor based on enzyme conjugated acrylic microspheres and gold nanoparticles composite coated onto a carbon-paste screen printed electrode (SPE) was fabricated and the current measurement was performed at a low potential of 0.20 V. This enzymatic biosensor gave a linear range 0.01-100 ng/mL (R² = 0.98304) with a detection limit recorded at 5 × 10-3 ng/mL towards sPLA2-IIA. Moreover, the biosensor showed good reproducibility (relative standard deviation (RSD) of 3.04% (n = 5). The biosensor response was reliable up to 25 days of storage at 4 °C. Analysis of human serum samples for sPLA2-IIA indicated that the biosensor has potential for rapid bacterial sepsis diagnosis in hospital emergency department.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Choline chloride, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Acrylic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester, ≥90%