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Spectroscopic Studies on Photoinduced Reactions of the Anticancer Prodrug, trans,trans,trans-[Pt(N3 )2 (OH)2 (py)2 ].

Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2018-01-10)
Robbin R Vernooij, Tanmaya Joshi, Michael D Horbury, Bim Graham, Ekaterina I Izgorodina, Vasilios G Stavros, Peter J Sadler, Leone Spiccia, Bayden R Wood
ABSTRACT

The photodecomposition mechanism of trans,trans,trans-[Pt(N3 )2 (OH)2 (py)2 ] (1, py=pyridine), an anticancer prodrug candidate, was probed using complementary Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR), transient electronic absorption, and UV/Vis spectroscopy. Data fitting using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Multi-Curve Resolution Alternating Least Squares, suggests the formation of a trans-[Pt(N3 )(py)2 (OH/H2 O)] intermediate and trans-[Pt(py)2 (OH/H2 O)2 ] as the final product upon 420 nm irradiation of 1 in water. Rapid disappearance of the hydroxido ligand stretching vibration upon irradiation is correlated with a -10 cm-1 shift to the antisymmetric azido vibration, suggesting a possible second intermediate. Experimental proof of subsequent dissociation of azido ligands from platinum is presented, in which at least one hydroxyl radical is formed in the reduction of PtIV to PtII . Additionally, the photoinduced reaction of 1 with the nucleotide 5'-guanosine monophosphate (5'-GMP) was comprehensively studied, and the identity of key photoproducts was assigned with the help of ATR-FTIR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and density functional theory calculations. The identification of marker bands for some of these photoproducts (e.g., trans-[Pt(N3 )(py)2 (5'-GMP)] and trans-[Pt(py)2 (5'-GMP)2 ]) will aid elucidation of the chemical and biological mechanism of anticancer action of 1. In general, these studies demonstrate the potential of vibrational spectroscopic techniques as promising tools for studying such metal complexes.

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Guanosine 5′-monophosphate disodium salt hydrate, from yeast, ≥99%