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James D Oliver et al.
Biotechnology and applied biochemistry, 62(3), 329-342 (2014-07-22)
Free-solution capillary electrophoresis (CE), or capillary zone electrophoresis, with direct UV detection was used for the first time for the determination of mono- and disaccharides, sugar alcohols, and ethanol in fermentation broths. Sample preparation proved to be minimal: no derivatization
Paramjeet Khandpur et al.
Ultrasonics sonochemistry, 27, 125-136 (2015-07-19)
Increasing consumer awareness regarding the health benefits of different nutrients in food have led to the requirement of assessing the effect of food processing approaches on the quality attributes. The present work focuses on understanding the effects of novel approaches
Guang Zeng et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(9), 6781-6788 (2015-04-04)
In the present study, we isolated and characterized a homogenous polysaccharide (GIAP1) from the alkaline extract of the roots of Glycyrrhiza inflata. The anti-tumor activity of GIAP1 toward human oral cancer SCC-25 cells and the underlying mechanisms were also examined
Cláudia R Serra et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 6384-6384 (2019-04-24)
The gastrointestinal microbiota plays a critical role on host health and metabolism. This is particularly important in teleost nutrition, because fish do not possess some of the necessary enzymes to cope with the dietary challenges of aquaculture production. A main
Timothy L Turner et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(19), 8023-8033 (2015-06-06)
Production of lactic acid from renewable sugars has received growing attention as lactic acid can be used for making renewable and bio-based plastics. However, most prior studies have focused on production of lactic acid from glucose despite that cellulosic hydrolysates
F Monlau et al.
Bioresource technology, 187, 379-386 (2015-04-13)
The robust supramolecular structure of biomass often requires severe pretreatments conditions to produce soluble sugars. Nonetheless, these processes generate some inhibitory compounds (i.e. furans compounds and aliphatic acids) deriving mainly from sugars degradation. To avoid the inhibition of the biological
Mood Mohan et al.
Bioresource technology, 191, 244-252 (2015-05-23)
The aim of present study was to obtain total reducing sugars (TRS) from bamboo under subcritical water (SCW) treatment in a batch reactor at the temperature ranging from 170 °C to 220 °C and 40 min hydrolysis time. Experiments were
Jun Zhou et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 164, 229-238 (2015-02-24)
Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC. (RG) has been widely used as traditional Chinese herbal medicine for treatment of diabetes and its complications. The polysaccharide fraction of RG has been proposed to possess hypoglycemic effect by intraperitoneal administration, however, the mechanisms responsible
Qingxia Yuan et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 128, 52-62 (2015-05-26)
Extraction optimization, characterization and antioxidant activity in vitro of polysaccharides from mulberry leaves (MLP) were investigated in the present study. The optimal extraction conditions with an extraction yield of 10.0 ± 0.5% for MLP were determined as follows: extraction temperature
Le Yu et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 112(10), 2134-2141 (2015-04-22)
The glucose-mediated carbon catabolite repression (CCR) in Clostridium tyrobutyricum impedes efficient utilization of xylose present in lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysates. In order to relieve the CCR and enhance xylose utilization, three genes (xylT, xylA, and xylB) encoding a xylose proton-symporter, a
Namon Hirun et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(2), 194-200 (2013-11-16)
Tamarind seed xyloglucan (TSX) is generally used for drug delivery systems. Gallic acid (GA) possesses various pharmacological activities. It has a good solubility and bioavailability but short half-life. To prepare a sustained-release of GA to overcome its relatively short half-life.
Kenji Okamoto et al.
SpringerPlus, 3, 121-121 (2014-03-14)
Second-generation bioethanol production requires the development of economically feasible and sustainable processes that use renewable lignocellulosic biomass as a starting material. However, the microbial fermentation of xylose, which is the principal pentose sugar in hemicellulose, is a limiting factor in
Xiaobei Li et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 358-364 (2014-07-24)
The aim of this research was to study effects of drying methods on the tasty compounds of Pleurotus eryngii, a common commercial edible fungus. In order to maximally maintain the taste of P. eryngii, several different drying methods, including hot
Jeannine Gruse et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 145(11), 2486-2495 (2015-09-25)
Inadequate colostrum supply results in insufficient intake of macronutrients and bioactive factors, thereby impairing gastrointestinal development and the maturation of glucose metabolism in neonatal calves. The flavonoid quercetin has been shown to have health-promoting properties, including effects in diabetic animals.
I S M Rafiqul et al.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 176(4), 1071-1083 (2015-04-24)
Xylose-rich sawdust hydrolysate can be an economic substrate for the enzymatic production of xylitol, a specialty product. It is important to identify the process factors influencing xylitol production. This research aimed to screen the parameters significantly affecting bioxylitol synthesis from
Yanmei Zou et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(7), 5179-5186 (2015-02-06)
In the present study, we investigated the effects and action mechanisms of a purified polysaccharide (APWP) from Andrographis paniculata, on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. The results showed that APWP was able to suppress the proliferation of HepG2 cells
Krešimir Šola et al.
The Plant cell, 31(4), 809-831 (2019-03-11)
Cell-to-cell adhesion is essential for establishment of multicellularity. In plants, such adhesion is mediated through a middle lamella composed primarily of pectic polysaccharides. The molecular interactions that influence cell-to-cell adhesion are not fully understood. We have used Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)
Ava A Greenwood et al.
Biotechnology for biofuels, 8, 26-26 (2015-05-13)
Acid hydrolysis is a popular pretreatment for removing hemicellulose from lignocelluloses in order to produce a digestible substrate for enzymatic saccharification. In this work, a novel model for the dilute acid hydrolysis of hemicellulose within sugarcane bagasse is presented and
Pamela Gamba et al.
Frontiers in microbiology, 6, 346-346 (2015-05-09)
Cell division in bacteria is initiated by the polymerization of FtsZ into a ring-like structure at midcell that functions as a scaffold for the other cell division proteins. In Bacillus subtilis, the conserved cell division protein EzrA is involved in
Hyun Yong Shin et al.
Biotechnology for biofuels, 8, 176-176 (2015-11-05)
The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is unable to ferment pentose sugars like d-xylose. Through the introduction of the respective metabolic pathway, S. cerevisiae is able to ferment xylose but first utilizes d-glucose before the d-xylose can be transported and metabolized. Low
C De Maesschalck et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(17), 5880-5888 (2015-06-21)
In broiler chickens, feed additives, including prebiotics, are widely used to improve gut health and to stimulate performance. Xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS) are hydrolytic degradation products of arabinoxylans that can be fermented by the gut microbiota. In the current study, we aimed
Yingyu Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 127, 215-221 (2015-05-13)
In this study, one polysaccharide (GFP1), with an average molecular weight of 1.4 × 10(5)Da, was isolated from Ginseng fruits. GFP1 was composed of galactose, glucose, rhamnose, and arabinose in a molar ratio of 6.1:2.0:1.1:3.2, and had a backbone mainly
Shuangquan Yao et al.
Bioresource technology, 185, 21-27 (2015-03-10)
To reduce the degradation of cellulose and obtain high molecular weight of hemicellulose from the extracts, pH pre-corrected hot water pretreatment was developed by employing sodium hydroxide (3.9mol/L). The response surface model was established to optimize the extraction process. The
Chao Wu et al.
Plant physiology, 167(2), 586-599 (2014-12-17)
Integrated and genome-based flux balance analysis, metabolomics, and (13)C-label profiling of phototrophic and heterotrophic metabolism in Chlorella protothecoides, an oleaginous green alga for biofuel. The green alga Chlorella protothecoides, capable of autotrophic and heterotrophic growth with rapid lipid synthesis, is
Kyle S Landry et al.
Food microbiology, 51, 10-17 (2015-07-19)
The incidence of foodborne illness associated with the consumption of fresh produce has continued to increase over the past decade. Sprouts, such as mung bean, alfalfa, radish, and broccoli, are minimally processed and have been sources for foodborne illness. Currently
Bert J M van de Heijning et al.
Nutrients, 7(7), 5542-5555 (2015-07-18)
Neonatal rats have a high intestinal lactase activity, which declines around weaning. Yet, the effects of lactose-containing products are often studied in adult animals. This report is on the residual, post-weaning lactase activity and on the short- and long-term effects
Tristan Cerisy et al.
mSphere, 4(6) (2019-12-13)
Clostridia are a group of Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria of medical and industrial importance for which limited genetic methods are available. Here, we demonstrate an approach to make large genomic deletions and insertions in the model Clostridium phytofermentans by combining designed
Helena Osterholz et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7422-7422 (2015-06-19)
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the oceans constitutes a major carbon pool involved in global biogeochemical cycles. More than 96% of the marine DOM resists microbial degradation for thousands of years. The composition of this refractory DOM (RDOM) exhibits a
Lihui Liu et al.
Bioresource technology, 196, 662-667 (2015-08-28)
Autohydrolysis pretreatment with different severity factors was performed on poplar chips prior to chemi-thermomechanical pulping (CTMP) in order to investigate the change in pH value and its effect on the autohydrolysis pretreatment. The results showed that the dissolution amount of
Yu Gu et al.
Bioresource technology, 196, 116-122 (2015-08-02)
It has been proven that extrusion can change the structure of rice straw and increase biogas production, but the effect of a single pretreatment is limited. Ca(OH)2 pretreatment was used to enhance the enzyme hydrolysis and biogas production of extruded
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