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X0200000

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Hidetada Ogata et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 222(2), 191-200 (2014-06-04)
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), a gut hormone secreted from intestinal K-cells, potentiates insulin secretion. Both K-cells and pancreatic β-cells are glucose-responsive and equipped with a similar glucose-sensing apparatus that includes glucokinase and an ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP) channel comprising KIR6.2 and...
Chen Chen et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 969, 171-180 (2014-09-01)
One challenge facing the purification of therapeutic glycoproteins by affinity chromatography is creating ligands specific for the glycan moiety. Affinity chromatography of glycoproteins is currently conducted with immobilized lectins or boronates, although biomimetic ligands could present a more desirable option....
Nan Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 111, 47-55 (2014-07-20)
A neutral polysaccharide fraction (SMPA) prepared from the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza by DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-100 chromatography was tested for its immune enhancing function in N-methyl-N'-nitro-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG)-induced gastric cancer rats by intragastric administration. SMPA (200mg/kg) treatment not only increased...
Wellington Muchero et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 24-24 (2015-01-24)
QTL cloning for the discovery of genes underlying polygenic traits has historically been cumbersome in long-lived perennial plants like Populus. Linkage disequilibrium-based association mapping has been proposed as a cloning tool, and recent advances in high-throughput genotyping and whole-genome resequencing...
Azam Fatahi Sadeghabadi et al.
Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, 19(Suppl 1), S51-S55 (2014-07-09)
Antibiotic resistance of enteric pathogens particularly Shigella species, is a critical world-wide problem and monitoring their resistant pattern is essential, because the choice of antibiotics is absolutely dependent on regional antibiotic susceptibility patterns. During summer 2013, an unusual increase in...
Meigui Huang et al.
Journal of food science and technology, 52(2), 858-866 (2015-02-20)
A novel gradient temperature-elevating Maillard reaction was developed to effectively produce light-colored MRPs. The main purpose of the present study was to compare the color, taste characteristic, non-volatile compounds, volatile compounds and antioxidant activity of MRPs prepared by the novel...
Huiling Li et al.
Bioresource technology, 176, 242-248 (2014-12-03)
The conversion of xylose, water-insoluble hemicelluloses (WIH) and water-soluble fraction (WSF) of corncob to furfural was performed using montmorillonite with tin ions (Sn-MMT) containing double acid sites as a solid acid catalyst. The co-existence of Lewis acids and Brønsted acids...
Dong-Dong Meng et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(6), 2006-2014 (2015-01-13)
Xylanases are crucial for lignocellulosic biomass deconstruction and generally contain noncatalytic carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs) accessing recalcitrant polymers. Understanding how multimodular enzymes assemble can benefit protein engineering by aiming at accommodating various environmental conditions. Two multimodular xylanases, XynA and XynB, which...
Tian Xia et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(10), 3387-3394 (2015-03-10)
Escherichia coli that is unable to metabolize d-glucose (with knockouts in ptsG, manZ, and glk) accumulates a small amount of d-glucose (yield of about 0.01 g/g) during growth on the pentoses d-xylose or l-arabinose as a sole carbon source. Additional...
Fei Huang et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(8), 12760-12776 (2014-08-21)
Dried litchi pulp has been used in traditional remedies in China for many years to treat various diseases, and the therapeutic activity has been, at least partly, attributed to the presence of bioactive polysaccharides. Polysaccharide-protein complexes from vacuum freeze-(VF), vacuum...
Benjamin L Golomb et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 197(2), 371-381 (2014-11-12)
Lactic acid bacteria have been isolated from living, harvested, and fermented plant materials; however, the adaptations these bacteria possess for growth on plant tissues are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated plant habitat-specific traits of Lactococcus lactis during growth...
Joseph A Rollin et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(16), 4964-4969 (2015-04-08)
The use of hydrogen (H2) as a fuel offers enhanced energy conversion efficiency and tremendous potential to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, but producing it in a distributed, carbon-neutral, low-cost manner requires new technologies. Herein we demonstrate the complete conversion of...
Jin Qi et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 63(3), 187-194 (2015-03-12)
Two new steroidal glycosides (1 and 2), together with 15 known compounds (3-17) were isolated from the fibrous roots of Ophiopogon japonicus, and three new steroidal glycosides (18-20), together with 14 known compounds (21-34) were isolated from the fibrous roots...
Philippe Debeire et al.
FEMS microbiology letters, 355(2), 116-123 (2014-05-16)
Fusarium graminearum was grown on four lignocellulosic substrates (corn cobs, wheat bran, hop cell walls, and birchwood) and glucose as the sole carbon source. Proteomic studies performed on the resulting enzymatic cocktails highlighted a great diversity in the number and...
Meng Li et al.
Bioresource technology, 167, 14-23 (2014-06-27)
Sweet sorghum has been regarded as a typical species for rich soluble-sugar and high lignocellulose residues, but their effects on biomass digestibility remain unclear. In this study, we examined total 63 representative sweet sorghum accessions that displayed a varied sugar...
Z Cardman et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(12), 3749-3756 (2014-04-15)
In Arctic marine bacterial communities, members of the phylum Verrucomicrobia are consistently detected, although not typically abundant, in 16S rRNA gene clone libraries and pyrotag surveys of the marine water column and in sediments. In an Arctic fjord (Smeerenburgfjord) of...
Lovemore Nkhata Malunga et al.
Food chemistry, 167, 311-319 (2014-08-26)
The effect of xylanase type (Trichoderma viride or Neocallimastix patriciarum) and graded ethanol fractionation on the antioxidant capacity (AOC) of arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (AXOS) obtained from wheat aleurone was investigated. AXOS yields were higher using N. patriciarum (62%) than T. viride...
Chandan Kundu et al.
Bioresource technology, 178, 28-35 (2014-09-11)
In order to produce ethanol from yellow poplar, deacetylation was performed using sodium hydroxide (NaOH). Optimal deacetylation conditions were determined by a response surface methodology. The highest acetic acid concentration obtained was 7.06 g/L when deacetylation was performed at 60...
Lorenz Gerber et al.
The New phytologist, 203(4), 1220-1230 (2014-06-13)
The biosynthesis of wood in aspen (Populus) depends on the metabolism of sucrose, which is the main transported form of carbon from source tissues. The largest fraction of the wood biomass is cellulose, which is synthesized from UDP-glucose. Sucrose synthase...
Qing Wang et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 854, 191-201 (2014-12-07)
A hydrophilic stationary phase (SP) was prepared through grafting N-methylene phosphonic acid chitosan on magnesia-zirconia particles (P-CTS-MgO-ZrO2) via Lewis acid-base interaction. The resulting material was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope and nitrogen adsorption analysis....
Karel Horňák et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1365, 115-123 (2014-09-23)
The concentrations of free neutral carbohydrates and amino sugars were determined in freshwater samples of distinct matrix complexity, including meso-, eu- and dystrophic lakes and ponds, using high-performance ion-exclusion chromatography (HPIEC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS). In contrast to other...
F X Suarez-Mena et al.
Journal of dairy science, 98(5), 3417-3431 (2015-03-10)
A series of 3 trials was conducted to determine effects of whole or ground oats in starter grain on reticulorumen fermentation and digestive system development of preweaned calves. Male Holstein calves (43.1±2.3kg at birth; n=8, 9, and 7 for trials...
F Monlau et al.
Bioresource technology, 187, 379-386 (2015-04-13)
The robust supramolecular structure of biomass often requires severe pretreatments conditions to produce soluble sugars. Nonetheless, these processes generate some inhibitory compounds (i.e. furans compounds and aliphatic acids) deriving mainly from sugars degradation. To avoid the inhibition of the biological...
Jun Zhou et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 164, 229-238 (2015-02-24)
Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC. (RG) has been widely used as traditional Chinese herbal medicine for treatment of diabetes and its complications. The polysaccharide fraction of RG has been proposed to possess hypoglycemic effect by intraperitoneal administration, however, the mechanisms responsible...
Namon Hirun et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(2), 194-200 (2013-11-16)
Tamarind seed xyloglucan (TSX) is generally used for drug delivery systems. Gallic acid (GA) possesses various pharmacological activities. It has a good solubility and bioavailability but short half-life. To prepare a sustained-release of GA to overcome its relatively short half-life....
Xiaobei Li et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 358-364 (2014-07-24)
The aim of this research was to study effects of drying methods on the tasty compounds of Pleurotus eryngii, a common commercial edible fungus. In order to maximally maintain the taste of P. eryngii, several different drying methods, including hot...
Pamela Gamba et al.
Frontiers in microbiology, 6, 346-346 (2015-05-09)
Cell division in bacteria is initiated by the polymerization of FtsZ into a ring-like structure at midcell that functions as a scaffold for the other cell division proteins. In Bacillus subtilis, the conserved cell division protein EzrA is involved in...
Shuangquan Yao et al.
Bioresource technology, 185, 21-27 (2015-03-10)
To reduce the degradation of cellulose and obtain high molecular weight of hemicellulose from the extracts, pH pre-corrected hot water pretreatment was developed by employing sodium hydroxide (3.9mol/L). The response surface model was established to optimize the extraction process. The...
Chao Wu et al.
Plant physiology, 167(2), 586-599 (2014-12-17)
Integrated and genome-based flux balance analysis, metabolomics, and (13)C-label profiling of phototrophic and heterotrophic metabolism in Chlorella protothecoides, an oleaginous green alga for biofuel. The green alga Chlorella protothecoides, capable of autotrophic and heterotrophic growth with rapid lipid synthesis, is...
Guillaume Larivière-Gauthier et al.
Journal of food protection, 77(12), 2121-2128 (2014-12-05)
Following the 2008 Canadian listeriosis outbreak associated with ready-to-eat (RTE) meat products, regulations on the presence of Listeria monocytogenes in RTE food production facilities were modified by Health Canada, confirming the need to control this pathogen, not only in the...
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