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J T Richeson et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(8), 4089-4097 (2015-10-07)
Growth implant efficacy may be affected when administered to nutritionally stressed calves, whereas the procedure may alter health or the humoral immune response to respiratory vaccination. The study objective was to determine the effect of different administration times (d 0
Mahmoud M Kamel et al.
Microbial pathogenesis, 77, 31-35 (2014-12-03)
Viral hepatitis is the most significant predisposing factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Liver cancer grows silently with mild or no symptoms until the disease is advanced and with little hope of cure. Early recognition of the onset of HCC would
Phattara-Orn Havanapan et al.
Developmental and comparative immunology, 54(1), 126-136 (2015-09-19)
Yellow head virus (YHV) causes acute infections and mass mortality in black tiger shrimp culture. Our study aims to investigate molecular interaction between YHV and circulating hemocytes of Penaeus monodon at early infection. Total shrimp hemocytes were isolated by Percoll
Noreen Yaqoob et al.
Toxicology, 323, 70-77 (2014-06-14)
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is widely used as a cleaning and decreasing agent and has been shown to cause liver tumours in rodents and a small incidence of renal tubule tumours in male rats. The basis for the renal tubule injury is
Nikki van Bel et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e103552-e103552 (2014-07-30)
The viral integrase (IN) is an essential protein for HIV-1 replication. IN inserts the viral dsDNA into the host chromosome, thereby aided by the cellular co-factor LEDGF/p75. Recently a new class of integrase inhibitors was described: allosteric IN inhibitors (ALLINIs).
C Czoski-Murray et al.
Health technology assessment (Winchester, England), 16(50), i-xvi (2013-01-11)
The evidence base which supported the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) published Clinical Guideline 3 was limited and 50% was graded as amber. However, the use of tests as part of pre-operative work-up remains a low-cost but
João Pc Brito et al.
SpringerPlus, 3, 600-600 (2014-11-14)
The Trichoderma genus consists of a group of free-living filamentous fungi, including species able to act as biological control agents (BCAs) against pathogenic fungi. It is believed that this ability is due to synergy between several mechanisms, including the production
Jingshu Xu et al.
Atherosclerosis, 242(1), 268-276 (2015-08-02)
The cholesterol-fed rabbit is commonly used as a model to study the vascular effects of hypercholesterolemia and resulting atherosclerotic lesions. Here we undertook a proteomic case-control investigation of ascending aortas from male New Zealand White rabbits after 10 weeks on
Qi Xiong et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 596789-596789 (2015-06-30)
Estrogen plays an important role in inhibiting osteoclast differentiation and protecting against bone loss from osteoporosis, especially in postmenopausal women. However, the precise mechanisms underlying the effect of estrogen on osteoclasts are not well known. In the present study, we
Luisa Pieroni et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 11(6), 1633-1643 (2015-04-08)
The exposure of blood to an artificial surface such as the haemodialysis membrane results in the nearly instantaneous deposition of a layer of plasma proteins. The composition of the protein layer profoundly influences all subsequent events, and to a large
Xia Tao et al.
The International journal of artificial organs, 37(7), 529-538 (2014-07-22)
Microbial contamination is often present in dialysate used for hemodialysis. Small single-stranded bacterial DNA sequences are capable of activating human inflammatory pathways, through mechanisms that include the Toll-like-receptor 9, and dialysis patients frequently show severe inflammation. Since these molecules have
J Yang et al.
Transplantation proceedings, 46(10), 3282-3288 (2014-12-17)
Hepatic ischemic/reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a major complication of liver resection and transplantation. Octreotide, a somatostatin analogue, has been used to treat hepatic fibrosis and portal hypertension; however, its function against HIRI remains unclear. To elucidate the effect of octreotide
Mònica Rosa et al.
Journal of proteome research, 14(8), 3162-3173 (2015-06-20)
Human μ-opioid receptor (hMOR) is a class-A G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), a prime therapeutic target for the management of moderate and severe pain. A chimeric form of the receptor has been cocrystallized with an opioid antagonist and resolved by X-ray diffraction;
Yongyao Fu et al.
Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD, 47(4), 915-926 (2015-09-25)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. Mice in the transgenic AβPPswe/PS1dE9 mouse line express a chimeric mouse/human amyloid-β protein precursor (Mo/HuAβPP695swe) and mutant human presenilin 1 (PS1-dE9) associated with early-onset AD. Knowing the protein expression in
Yanhua Huang et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 877, 90-99 (2015-05-24)
Four kinds of green deep eutectic solvents (DESs) based on choline chloride (ChCl) have been synthesized and coated on the surface of magnetic graphene oxide (Fe3O4@GO) to form Fe3O4@GO-DES for the magnetic solid-phase extraction of protein. X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating
Robert M Sears et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(50), 20260-20265 (2013-11-28)
Survival in a dangerous environment requires learning about stimuli that predict harm. Although recent work has focused on the amygdala as the locus of aversive memory formation, the hypothalamus has long been implicated in emotional regulation, and the hypothalamic neuropeptide
Gro S Johannessen et al.
International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(6), 6919-6932 (2015-06-20)
The aim of this study was to investigate the bacteriological quality of strawberries at harvest and to study risk factors such as irrigation water, soil and picker's hand cleanliness. Four farms were visited during the harvest season in 2012. Samples
Yogananda Maspolim et al.
Chemosphere, 140, 54-62 (2014-08-07)
This study compared reactor performance and the respective microbial community dynamics in the conventional single-stage and 2-phase anaerobic digestion (AD) systems, treating municipal sludge to generate methane. The 2-phase system's COD and VS reduction, and methane production could be maintained
Martina Jokel et al.
Plant & cell physiology, 56(8), 1598-1607 (2015-06-13)
The flavodiiron proteins (FDPs) are involved in the detoxification of oxidative compounds, such as nitric oxide (NO) or O(2) in Archaea and Bacteria. In cyanobacteria, the FDPs Flv1 and Flv3 are essential in the light-dependent reduction of O(2) downstream of
Emmely E Treffers et al.
Proteomics, 15(13), 2267-2280 (2015-03-13)
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne reemerging human pathogen that generally causes a severe persisting arthritis. Since 2005, the virus has infected millions of people during outbreaks in Africa, Indian Ocean Islands, Asia, and South/Central America. Many steps of the
The challenge of complexity and arginine metabolism.
Francesco Saverio Dioguardi
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 98(2), 507-508 (2013-07-23)
Brian T Weinert et al.
The EMBO journal, 34(21), 2620-2632 (2015-09-12)
Acetylation is frequently detected on mitochondrial enzymes, and the sirtuin deacetylase SIRT3 is thought to regulate metabolism by deacetylating mitochondrial proteins. However, the stoichiometry of acetylation has not been studied and is important for understanding whether SIRT3 regulates or suppresses
Wataru Sato et al.
International journal of medicinal mushrooms, 17(5), 415-426 (2015-06-18)
Many plant extracts are used as well-known folk medicines and exhibit various biological activities that are beneficial to human health. These extracts contain polysaccharides, and some are pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that stimulate innate as well as acquired immune systems.
Lihong Zhu et al.
Molecular and cellular neurosciences, 64, 74-83 (2014-05-28)
In our previous study, we reported that luteolin might exert neuroprotective functions by inhibiting the production of proinflammatory mediators, thereby suppressing microglial activation. In this study, we used two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry (MS) to study the effect
Mi Young Noh et al.
Developmental biology, 399(2), 315-324 (2015-01-24)
Yellow protein (dopachrome conversion enzyme, DCE) is involved in the melanin biosynthetic pathway that significantly accelerates pigmentation reactions in insects. Recent studies have suggested that the insect yellow genes represent a rapidly evolving gene family generating functionally diverse paralogs, but
Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro et al.
Canadian journal of microbiology, 61(11), 827-836 (2015-09-13)
In recent years, the search for drugs to treat systemic and opportunistic mycoses has attracted great interest from the scientific community. This study evaluated the in vitro inhibitory effect of the antituberculosis drugs isoniazid and ethionamide alone and combined with
Emiko Yanokura et al.
Systematic and applied microbiology, 38(5), 305-314 (2015-05-27)
The species Bifidobacterium longum is currently divided into three subspecies, B. longum subsp. longum, B. longum subsp. infantis and B. longum subsp. suis. This classification was based on an assessment of accumulated information on the species' phenotypic and genotypic features.
Jan C Denofrio et al.
Thrombosis and haemostasis, 100(5), 847-856 (2008-11-08)
Platelet aggregation requires activation of the alphaIIbbeta3 integrin, an event regulated by the integrin cytoplasmic tails. CIB1 binds to the cytoplasmic tail of the integrin alphaIIb subunit. Previous over-expression and knockdown studies in murine megakaryocytes demonstrated that CIB1 inhibits integrin
Tomohiro Yokota et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e94895-e94895 (2014-04-17)
Ductus arteriosus (DA) closure follows constriction and remodeling of the entire vessel wall. Patent ductus arteriosus occurs when the DA does not close after birth, and this condition is currently treated using cyclooxygenase inhibitors. However, the efficacy of cyclooxygenase inhibitors
A M Rumiantsev et al.
Genetika, 49(4), 454-460 (2013-07-23)
Pichia pastoris is a methylotrophic yeast that is widely used for the expression of heterologous proteins. Here, we have investigated the dependence of AOX1 and CAT1 expression on the source of nitrogen. It has shown that the expression of AOX1
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