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Denisa Beňová-Liszeková et al.
Microscopy research and technique, 82(7), 1145-1156 (2019-03-27)
Although scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has been broadly used for the examination of fixed whole insects or their hard exoskeleton-derived structures, including model organisms such as Drosophila, the routine use of SEM to evaluate vulnerable soft internal organs and tissues
Yanzhenzi Dai et al.
Frontiers in physiology, 8, 359-359 (2017-06-22)
In most mammals the peptide hormone relaxin is a key physiological component regulating early pregnancy and birth. However, synteny analysis shows that the gene encoding ovarian relaxin-2 is deleted in cows and sheep. While, these ruminants appear to exhibit a
Soshana Svendsen et al.
BMC cell biology, 9, 17-17 (2008-04-04)
The ability to specifically label proteins within living cells can provide information about their dynamics and function. To study a membrane protein, we fused a multi-functional reporter protein, HaloTag, to the extracellular domain of a truncated integrin. Using the HaloTag
Laura E Kilpatrick et al.
Cell chemical biology, 26(6), 830-841 (2019-04-09)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an important mediator of endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis via its receptor VEGFR2. A common tumor associated with elevated VEGFR2 signaling is infantile hemangioma that is caused by a rapid proliferation of vascular endothelial cells.
Guosong Qiu et al.
Journal of lipid research, 48(2), 385-394 (2006-11-10)
LPL and endothelial lipase (EL) are associated with macrophages in human atherosclerotic lesions, and overexpression of LPL in mouse macrophages is associated with a greater extent of atherosclerosis. To investigate potential mechanisms by which macrophage-derived lipase expression may mediate proatherogenic
Laurence Crombez et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 17(1), 95-103 (2008-10-30)
RNA interference constitutes a powerful tool for biological studies, but has also become one of the most challenging therapeutic strategies. However, small interfering RNA (siRNA)-based strategies suffer from their poor delivery and biodistribution. Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have been shown to
Hemant B Badgandi et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 216(3), 743-760 (2017-02-06)
The primary cilium is a paradigmatic organelle for studying compartmentalized signaling; however, unlike soluble protein trafficking, processes targeting integral membrane proteins to cilia are poorly understood. In this study, we determine that the tubby family protein TULP3 functions as a
Valentina Di Felice et al.
Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, 9(11), E51-E64 (2013-04-18)
The use of three-dimensional (3D) cultures may induce cardiac progenitor cells to synthesize their own extracellular matrix (ECM) and sarcomeric proteins to initiate cardiac differentiation. 3D cultures grown on synthetic scaffolds may favour the implantation and survival of stem cells
Gábor Földes et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 50(2), 367-376 (2010-11-05)
Human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CM) are being developed for tissue repair and as a model system for cardiac physiology and pathophysiology. However, the signaling requirements of their growth have not yet been fully characterized. We showed that hESC-CM retain
Teodor E Yordanov et al.
Traffic (Copenhagen, Denmark), 20(9), 674-696 (2019-07-18)
Mechanisms that control lysosomal function are essential for cellular homeostasis. Lysosomes adapt in size and number to cellular needs but little is known about the underlying molecular mechanism. We demonstrate that the late endosomal/lysosomal multimeric BLOC-1-related complex (BORC) regulates the
Yun Li et al.
Neuron, 59(3), 399-412 (2008-08-15)
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is stimulated by chronic administration of antidepressants (ADs) and by voluntary exercise. Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) in the dentate gyrus (DG) that are capable of continuous proliferation and neuronal differentiation are the source of such structural plasticity.
Alazne Dominguez-Monedero et al.
ACS synthetic biology, 7(9), 2160-2169 (2018-08-24)
Methods for making specific modifications to the genomes of living cells are powerful research tools. Two methods currently dominate, CRISPR and Cre recombinase. CRISPR has the advantage that it can act on unmodified target genes; Cre has the advantage of
Sedat Kacar et al.
Acta histochemica, 121(5), 595-603 (2019-05-22)
Due to the broad toxic relevance of acrylamide, many measures have been taken since the 1900s. These measures increased day by day when acrylamide was discovered in foods in 2002, and its toxic spectrum was found to be wider than
Thomas W Bastian et al.
Developmental neuroscience, 38(4), 264-276 (2016-09-27)
Iron deficiency (ID), with and without anemia, affects an estimated 2 billion people worldwide. ID is particularly deleterious during early-life brain development, leading to long-term neurological impairments including deficits in hippocampus-mediated learning and memory. Neonatal rats with fetal/neonatal ID anemia
Wasu Supharattanasitthi et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 174-174 (2019-01-19)
CRISPR/Cas9 causes double-stranded DNA breaks that can undergo DNA repair either via non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) or, in the presence of a template, homology-directed repair (HDR). HDR is typically used to insert a specific genetic modification into the genome but
Annemiek M C P Joosen et al.
Carcinogenesis, 30(8), 1402-1407 (2009-06-06)
Haem in red meat (RM) stimulates the endogenous production of mutagenic nitroso compounds (NOC). Processed (nitrite-preserved red) meat additionally contains high concentrations of preformed NOC. In two studies, of a fresh RM versus a vegetarian (VEG) diet (six males and
Lingfeng Zhao et al.
Perfusion, 35(1), 57-65 (2019-06-07)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-33-5p in abdominal aortic aneurysm progression, which regulated adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1)-mediated cholesterol efflux and lipid accumulation in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells through the PI3K/Akt pathway. Quantitative
Laura K Olsen et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 80, 525-535 (2019-04-29)
Evidence is accumulating to suggest that viral infections and consequent viral-mediated neuroinflammation may contribute to the etiology of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Moreover, viruses have been shown to influence α-synuclein oligomerization as well as the autophagic clearance of abnormal intra-cellular proteins
Adrienne Baillet et al.
PloS one, 6(11), e26950-e26950 (2011-11-10)
We had previously reported that the Suppression Subtractive Hybridization (SSH) approach was relevant for the isolation of new mammalian genes involved in oogenesis and early follicle development. Some of these transcripts might be potential new oocyte and granulosa cell markers.
George R Wendt et al.
eLife, 7 (2018-03-21)
Schistosomes infect more than 200 million people. These parasitic flatworms rely on a syncytial outer coat called the tegument to survive within the vasculature of their host. Although the tegument is pivotal for their survival, little is known about maintenance
Xiang Lin et al.
International journal of biological sciences, 7(8), 1114-1121 (2011-09-20)
Although the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling axis plays important roles in cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation, the molecular mechanism underlying how the FGF elicits these diverse regulatory signals is not well understood. By using the Frs2α null mouse embryonic
Céline Riegert et al.
Brain research bulletin, 76(4), 439-453 (2008-05-27)
Serotonergic modulation of acetylcholine (ACh) release after neuron-specific increase of the expression of 5-HT(1B) receptors by gene transfer was studied in vitro and in vivo. The increased expression of the 5-HT(1B) receptor in vitro was induced by treating rat primary
Jinhong Meng et al.
PloS one, 6(3), e17454-e17454 (2011-03-17)
Stem cell transplantation is a promising potential therapy for muscular dystrophies, but for this purpose, the cells need to be systemically-deliverable, give rise to many muscle fibres and functionally reconstitute the satellite cell niche in the majority of the patient's
Nadja S Katheder et al.
Nature, 541(7637), 417-420 (2017-01-13)
As malignant tumours develop, they interact intimately with their microenvironment and can activate autophagy, a catabolic process which provides nutrients during starvation. How tumours regulate autophagy in vivo and whether autophagy affects tumour growth is controversial. Here we demonstrate, using
Ling Xue et al.
The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 19(5), 336-344 (2007-08-21)
3,3'-Diindolylmethane (DIM), a major condensation product of indole-3-carbinol, exhibits chemopreventive properties in animal models of cancer. Recent studies have shown that DIM stimulates interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production and potentiates the IFN-gamma signaling pathway in human breast cancer cells via a mechanism
Pawel Mroz et al.
Cancer letters, 282(1), 63-76 (2009-04-07)
The in vitro photodynamic therapy activity of four imidazole-substituted metalloporphyrins has been studied using human (HeLa) and mouse (CT26) cancer cell lines: an anionic Zn porphyrin and a homologous series of three cationic Zn, Pd or InCl porphyrins. A dramatic
Danielle A Raats et al.
Cell death & disease, 8(3), e2669-e2669 (2017-03-17)
CD95 is best known for its ability to induce apoptosis via a well-characterized pathway involving caspase-mediated proteolytic events. However, in apoptosis-resistant cell lines of diverse cancer types stimulation of CD95 primarily has pro-tumorigenic effects that affect many of the hallmarks
Katia Schoeler et al.
The FEBS journal, 286(18), 3566-3581 (2019-05-24)
Upon activation by antigen, B cells form germinal centres where they clonally expand and introduce affinity-enhancing mutations into their B-cell receptor genes. Somatic mutagenesis and class switch recombination (CSR) in germinal centre B cells are initiated by the activation-induced cytidine
Carlos Andrés Lafourcade et al.
Cells, 9(6) (2020-06-05)
Stress is a widespread problem in today's societies, having important consequences on brain function. Among the plethora of mechanisms involved in the stress response at the molecular level, the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) is beginning to be recognized. The control
Bu-Chun Zhang et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 39(5), 2065-2076 (2016-11-09)
Our previous studies demonstrated that luteolin, which is rich in flavones, has various biological properties and can exert anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic activities. However, its effect on ox-LDL-induced macrophage lipid accumulation and apoptosis has not been revealed. This study aimed
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