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Xiumei Zhao et al.
Neuro-oncology, 17(7), 965-977 (2014-12-30)
New therapeutic targets are needed to eliminate cancer stem cells (CSCs). We hypothesize that direct comparison of paired CSCs and nonstem tumor cells (NSTCs) will facilitate identification of primary "driver" chromosomal aberrations that can serve as diagnostic markers and/or therapeutic
Yang Hu et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 13(1), 49-58 (2015-11-18)
Recent studies regarding regenerative medicine have focused on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), which have the potential to undergo neural differentiation, and may be transfected with specific genes. BMSCs can differentiate into neuron‑like cells in certain neurotropic circumstances in
Cassandra L Weaver et al.
Advanced healthcare materials, 4(9), 1408-1416 (2015-05-07)
Neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation has the potential to restore function to diseased or damaged nervous tissue, but poor control over cell survival, differentiation, and maturation limits therapeutic prospects. Engineered scaffolds that have the ability to drive neural stem cell
A R Fernandes et al.
Integrative biology : quantitative biosciences from nano to macro, 6(9), 855-861 (2014-07-16)
Evaluating the uptake and handling of biomedically relevant nanoparticles by cells of the nervous system critically underpins the effective use of nanoparticle platforms for neuro-regenerative therapies. The lack of biologically relevant and 'neuromimetic' models for nanomaterials testing (that can simulate
Jisun Oh et al.
Biotechnology journal, 9(7), 921-933 (2014-05-23)
Adult hippocampal progenitor cells (AHPCs) are generally maintained as a dispersed monolayer population of multipotent neural progenitors. To better understand cell-cell interactions among neural progenitors and their influences on cellular characteristics, we generated free-floating cellular aggregates, or neurospheres, from the
Evelyne Tassone et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 230(2), 366-377 (2014-07-06)
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP, MMP-14), a transmembrane proteinase with an extracellular catalytic domain and a short cytoplasmic tail, degrades extracellular matrix components and controls diverse cell functions through proteolytic and non-proteolytic interactions with extracellular, intracellular, and transmembrane proteins. Here
Marta Kumorek et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125484-e0125484 (2015-05-07)
In a typical cell culture system, growth factors immobilized on the cell culture surfaces can serve as a reservoir of bio-signaling molecules, without the need to supplement them additionally into the culture medium. In this paper, we report on the
Colette A Bichsel et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 21(15-16), 2166-2176 (2015-04-22)
The formation of blood vessels is a complex tissue-specific process that plays a pivotal role during developmental processes, in wound healing, cancer progression, fibrosis, and other pathologies. To study vasculogenesis and vascular remodeling in the context of the lung, we
Zinc deficiency causes neural tube defects through attenuation of p53 ubiquitylation
Li H, et al.
Development, 145(24), dev169797-dev169797 (2018)
Silvia Colleoni et al.
Toxicology letters, 231(1), 38-44 (2014-09-07)
A number of in vitro toxicity assays based on human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are under development in order to provide alternative methods for the screening of chemicals and drugs and to reduce the number of animals needed for developmental
Shuiliang Shi et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 116(7), 1391-1400 (2015-02-25)
Chondrogenic polypeptide growth factors influence articular chondrocyte functions that are required for articular cartilage repair. Sox9 is a transcription factor that regulates chondrogenesis, but its role in the growth factor regulation of chondrocyte proliferation and matrix synthesis is poorly understood.
Kirsten S Evonuk et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 195(2), 450-463 (2015-06-14)
T cell infiltration into the CNS is a significant underlying pathogenesis in autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating diseases. Several lines of evidence suggest that glutamate dysregulation in the CNS is an important consequence of immune cell infiltration in neuroinflammatory demyelinating diseases; yet
Shun Yamamuro et al.
International journal of oncology, 47(1), 91-96 (2015-05-09)
Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) could have potential for tumorigenesis, treatment resistance, and tumor recurrence (GSC hypothesis). However, the mechanisms underlying such potential has remained elusive and few ultrastructural features of the cells have been reported in detail. We therefore undertook
G Riddick et al.
The pharmacogenomics journal, 15(4), 347-353 (2014-12-03)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to promote resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs in glioblastoma, the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor. However, the use of high-throughput drug screens to discover novel small-molecule inhibitors for CSC has been hampered by
Yong Chen et al.
Cell transplantation, 24(6), 971-983 (2013-12-18)
Cellular therapy for myocardial repair has been one of the most intensely investigated interventional strategies for acute myocardial infarction. Although the therapeutic potential of stem cells has been demonstrated in various studies, the underlying mechanisms for such improvements are poorly
Jian Chen et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 35(7), 6293-6302 (2014-03-20)
Temozolomide (TMZ) is a promising chemotherapeutic agent for treating glioblastomas. However, resistance develops quickly with a high frequency. Glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) causing resistance to drug therapy were considered to be one of key factors. The mechanisms underlying GSCs resistance
Takumi Miura et al.
Biology open, 4(11), 1595-1607 (2015-10-23)
In mice, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF)-dependent primitive neural stem cells (NSCs) have a higher neurogenic potential than bFGF-dependent definitive NSCs. Therefore, expandable primitive NSCs are required for research and for the development of therapeutic strategies for neurological diseases. There is
Wai Kit Chan et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0130147-e0130147 (2015-06-16)
Heparan sulfate (HS) is a linear carbohydrate composed of polymerized uronate-glucosamine disaccharide units that decorates cell surface and secreted glycoproteins in the extracellular matrix. In mammals HS is subjected to differential sulfation by fifteen different heparan sulfotransferase (HST) enzymes of
Marina Jerebtsova et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 309(8), H1314-H1325 (2015-08-16)
Critically ill children can develop bleeding complications when treated with heparin-like drugs. These events are usually attributed to the anticoagulant activity of these drugs. However, previous studies showed that fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), a heparin-binding growth factor released in the
Hao Wei et al.
Redox report : communications in free radical research, 19(1), 40-48 (2013-11-15)
Endothelial activation with increased expression of cellular adhesion molecules and chemokines critically contributes to vascular inflammation and atherogenesis. Redox-active transition metal ions play an important role in vascular oxidative stress and inflammation. Therefore, the goal of the present study was
Toshihiro Uesaka et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(27), 9879-9888 (2015-07-15)
Elucidation of the cellular identity of neuronal precursors provides mechanistic insights into the development and pathophysiology of the nervous system. In the enteric nervous system (ENS), neurogenesis persists from midgestation to the postnatal period. Cellular mechanism underlying the long-term neurogenesis
Han Wang et al.
Stem cells and development, 24(21), 2536-2546 (2015-07-02)
Definitive endoderm (DE) is a vital precursor for internal organs such as liver and pancreas. Efficient protocol to differentiate human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) or induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to DE is essential for regenerative medicine and for modeling
Eiji Kotani et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11051-11051 (2015-06-09)
Silk gut processed from the silk glands of the silkworm could be an ideal biodegradable carrier for cell growth factors. We previously demonstrated that polyhedra, microcrystals of Cypovirus 1 polyhedrin, can serve as versatile carrier proteins. Here, we report the
Hiroe Ohnishi et al.
Neuroscience letters, 599, 49-54 (2015-05-25)
Disease-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) cells are expected to contribute to exploring useful tools for studying the pathophysiology of inner ear diseases and to drug discovery for treating inner ear diseases. For this purpose, stable induction methods for the
A Bertolo et al.
European cells & materials, 29, 70-80 (2015-01-13)
Degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD) is a progressive and chronic process, and the high incidence of discogenic disorders calls for new therapeutic approaches, such as cell-based therapies using three dimensional cultures and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), which can differentiate
Isako Saga et al.
Neuro-oncology, 16(8), 1048-1056 (2014-05-27)
The metabolic preference of malignant glioma for glycolysis as an energy source is a potential therapeutic target. As a result of the cellular heterogeneity of these tumors, however, the relation between glycolytic preference, tumor formation, and tumor cell clonogenicity has
Mehmet Baysan et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e94045-e94045 (2014-04-15)
In vitro and in vivo models are widely used in cancer research. Characterizing the similarities and differences between a patient's tumor and corresponding in vitro and in vivo models is important for understanding the potential clinical relevance of experimental data
Hee-Jin Ahn et al.
FEBS letters, 583(17), 2922-2926 (2009-08-12)
FGF2 has been shown to enhance proliferation and maintain differentiation potential in hMSCs during in vitro propagation. In this study, we investigated the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase in the functions of FGF2 in hMSCs. We demonstrated that FGF2 induces
Hussain Md Shahjalal et al.
Journal of molecular cell biology, 6(5), 394-408 (2014-06-28)
Human induced pluripotent stem (hiPS) cells are considered a potential source for the generation of insulin-producing pancreatic β-cells because of their differentiation capacity. In this study, we have developed a five-step xeno-free culture system to efficiently differentiate hiPS cells into
Slawomir Antoszczyk et al.
Neuro-oncology, 16(8), 1057-1066 (2014-01-29)
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are an aggressive and often lethal sarcoma that frequently develops in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). We developed new preclinical MPNST models and tested the efficacy of oncolytic herpes simplex viruses (oHSVs), a
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