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phr1237

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P S Singh et al.
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 60, 57-58 (2013-02-15)
Plasmodium falciparum is a malarial infection with high morbidity and wide spectrum of atypical presentation. Here we report an unusual presentation of malaria as tetany with alteration in calcium,phosphate and magnesium metabolism Hypocalcaemia in malaria can cause prolonged Q-Tc interval...
High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of vitamin D in foods, feeds and pharmaceuticals by successive use of reversed-phase and straight-phase columns
TAKEUCHI A, et al.
Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, 30(1), 11-25 (1984)
Mei Ding et al.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine, 8(6), 1737-1744 (2014-11-06)
Xuezhikang (XZK), an extract of red yeast rice, has been widely used for the management of hyperlipidemia and coronary heart disease (CHD); however, the effects of XZK treatment on kidney injury have not yet been fully identified. The aim of...
Larissa DeDea
JAAPA : official journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, 26(10), 10-10 (2013-11-10)
Treating patients who are vitamin D deficient can be challenging. This article describes various formulations of vitamin D and their indications.
Valerie Hemmings
The practising midwife, 16(7), 16-17 (2013-08-06)
The National Diet and Nutrition Survey (Bates et al 2011) show adult females have low levels of vitamin D. Many women in midwives' care may be vitamin D deficient. The aim of this article is to update midwives' knowledge of...
Jianfeng Zhang et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 35(3), 1219-1229 (2015-03-15)
Transplantation of bone-marrow derived stem/progenitor cells has an established therapeutic effect on cardiac muscle repair after injury. However, the exact mechanism that underlies this phenomenon is not completely understood. Here we transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a major population from...
Fuyuko Koibuchi et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 37(7), 1241-1247 (2014-07-06)
Emerging evidence indicates that stress hormone glucocorticoids (GC) are an important modulator of brain development and function. To investigate whether GCs modulate neurosteroid biosynthesis in neural cells, we studied the effects of GCs on steroidogenic gene expression in human glioma...
Michal Stuss et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 98(5), E1007-E1011 (2013-04-02)
Recent research results have confirmed the high significance of the OPG/RANK/RANKL system in the development of bone diseases. The aim of the reported study was to assess gene expression levels of the OPG/RANK/RANKL system in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
Umon Agata et al.
Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, 59(1), 29-36 (2013-03-29)
Low calcium (Ca) intake is the one of risk factors for both bone loss and medial elastocalcinosis in an estrogen deficiency state. To examine the effect of different amounts of Ca intake on the relationship between bone mass alteration and...
The hormone-like action of 1,25-(OH)2-cholecalciferol (a metabolite of the fat-soluble vitamin D) in the intestine.
A W Norman
Vitamins and hormones, 32, 325-384 (1974-01-01)
A G Fuchs et al.
Journal of helminthology, 88(4), 459-467 (2013-06-08)
Bisphosphonates have been proposed as pharmacological agents against parasite and cancer cell growth. The effect of these compounds on helminthic cell viability and acellular compartment morphology, however, has not yet been studied. The effects of different types of bisphosphonates, namely...
Karin Amrein et al.
JAMA, 312(15), 1520-1530 (2014-10-01)
Low vitamin D status is linked to increased mortality and morbidity in patients who are critically ill. It is unknown if this association is causal. To investigate whether a vitamin D3 treatment regimen intended to restore and maintain normal vitamin...
G B Ferreira et al.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 144 Pt A, 96-101 (2013-11-02)
1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1α,25(OH)2D3), and its analogs (i.e. 14,20-bis-epi-19-nor-23-yne-1α,25(OH)2D3 - TX527) have been shown to prevent autoimmunity and prolong islet graft survival in the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse. Their effects are mediated by their action on various immune cell types, such...
Masahiko Suzuki et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 97(5), 1004-1013 (2013-03-15)
In our previous study, higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations and the vitamin D receptor (VDR) FokI CC genotype were associated with milder Parkinson disease (PD). We evaluated whether vitamin D3 supplementation inhibits the progression of PD on the basis...
Sara S Oberhelman et al.
Mayo Clinic proceedings, 88(12), 1378-1387 (2013-12-03)
To determine whether a single monthly supplement is as effective as a daily maternal supplement in increasing breast milk vitamin D to achieve vitamin D sufficiency in their infants. Forty mothers with exclusively breast-fed infants were randomized to receive oral...
Jing Zhang et al.
Calcified tissue international, 96(1), 80-87 (2014-11-25)
Thyroid hormones (THs) including thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) play critical roles in bone remodeling. However, the role and mechanism of THs in vascular calcification (VC) have been unclear. To explore the pathophysiological roles of T3 on VC, we investigated...
C Jackson et al.
QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians, 100(4), 185-192 (2007-02-20)
We evaluated the effect of supplementation with vitamin D(3) (excluding the potential effect of calcium supplementation) on the risk of fall and fracture, primarily in postmenopausal women, using a systematic literature review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS and the Cochrane Database...
David Feldman et al.
Nature reviews. Cancer, 14(5), 342-357 (2014-04-08)
Vitamin D is not really a vitamin but the precursor to the potent steroid hormone calcitriol, which has widespread actions throughout the body. Calcitriol regulates numerous cellular pathways that could have a role in determining cancer risk and prognosis. Although...
Andy de Jong et al.
Acta orthopaedica Belgica, 79(5), 578-586 (2013-12-20)
Assessment and treatment of osteoporosis are recommended following hip fracture. Osteoporosis treatment assumes an adequate calcium intake and a normal vitamin D plasma level. The authors conducted a study in three phases. Phase I: circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were retrospectively...
Kanako Moriyama et al.
Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology, 94(11), 1200-1211 (2014-09-30)
Galectins are a unique family of lectins bearing one or two carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs) that have the ability to bind molecules with β-galactoside-containing carbohydrates. It has been shown that galectins regulate not only cell growth and differentiation but also...
Pankaj Arora et al.
Circulation, 131(3), 254-262 (2014-11-02)
A large body of epidemiological and experimental evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency may promote hypertension. This raises the possibility that vitamin D supplementation could be a simple intervention to reduce blood pressure, but data from prospective, randomized trials are...
Anders Burild et al.
Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation, 74(5), 418-423 (2014-04-23)
Serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D is the established biomarker of vitamin D status although serum concentrations of vitamin D and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D may also be of interest to understand the in vivo kinetics of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D. An LC-MS/MS method was developed...
Cengiz Kara et al.
Pediatrics, 133(1), e240-e244 (2013-12-04)
Pediatric cases of vitamin D intoxication (VDI) with dietary supplements have not been previously reported. We report on 7 children with VDI caused by consumption of a fish oil supplement containing an excessively high dose of vitamin D due to...
Hataikarn Nimitphong et al.
Nutrition journal, 12, 39-39 (2013-04-06)
It is not known whether genetic variation in the vitamin D binding protein (DBP) influences 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels [25(OH)D] after vitamin D supplementation. We aimed to investigate the changes of total 25(OH)D, 25(OH)D₃ and 25(OH)D₂ in a Thai cohort, according...
Methap Yurt et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 307(11), L859-L867 (2014-10-12)
Whereas epidemiological data strongly link vitamin D (VD) deficiency to childhood asthma, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unknown. Although VD is known to stimulate alveolar epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, promoting perinatal lung maturation, whether VD supplementation during this period protects against childhood...
Bing Li et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 35(2), 433-440 (2015-01-24)
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has therapeutic effects on various diseases, while its effect on developing cirrhosis as well as the underlying mechanism remained largely unknown. Twenty C57BL/6 mice were randomly separated into 2 groups of ten each. One...
Lynn Kane et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 98(11), 4400-4409 (2013-09-14)
Inverse associations between 25-OH vitamin D levels and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality have been reported. Our goals were to 1) investigate effects of correcting inadequate D status on lipids, 2) determine whether free 25-OH D is better correlated with lipids...
Basavraj Sooragonda et al.
Acta haematologica, 133(1), 31-35 (2014-07-12)
The effect of vitamin D replacement on hemoglobin (Hb) concentration in subjects with concurrent deficiencies of vitamin D and iron is not known. We report on an investigator-initiated, randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled, 12-week interventional trial. Thirty subjects with iron-deficiency anemia (serum...
Andy Rorie et al.
Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, 112(4), 376-382 (2014-02-11)
Observational reports have linked vitamin D with chronic urticaria, yet no randomized controlled trial has been conducted. To determine whether high-dose vitamin D supplementation would decrease Urticaria Symptom Severity (USS) scores and medication burden in patients with chronic urticaria. In...
Laura A Nelson et al.
Neuroscience letters, 591, 171-175 (2015-02-15)
In mammalian models it is well documented that the potent orexigenic factor, neuropeptide Y (NPY) causes preferential intake of high carbohydrate and fat diets; however, information on this is limited in non-mammalian species. The purpose of this study was to...
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