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James T Earnest et al.
Journal of virology, 89(11), 6093-6104 (2015-04-03)
Coronaviruses (CoVs) and low-pathogenicity influenza A viruses (LP IAVs) depend on target cell proteases to cleave their viral glycoproteins and prime them for virus-cell membrane fusion. Several proteases cluster into tetraspanin-enriched microdomains (TEMs), suggesting that TEMs are preferred virus entry
Neha Kaushik et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 8587-8587 (2015-02-27)
In this study, we assessed the role of different reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by soft jet plasma and chemical-induced ROS systems with regard to cell death in T98G, A549, HEK293 and MRC5 cell lines. For a comparison with plasma
Thabe M Matsebatlela et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 233, 95-105 (2015-04-07)
Didox (3,4-dihydroxy-benzohydroxamic acid), is a synthetic ribonucleotide reductase (RR) inhibitor derived from polyhydroxy-substituted benzohydroxamic acid, and originally developed as an anti-cancer agent. Some studies indicate that didox may have anti-oxidative stress-like properties, while other studies hint that didox may have
Hadi Ghaffari et al.
Life sciences, 113(1-2), 7-13 (2014-07-25)
Oxidative stress plays a key role in several ailments including neurodegenerative conditions. The aim of the study was to demonstrate the effect of rosmarinic acid (RA) in preventing oxidative stress related death of neuronal cell lines. In the present study
Helioswilton Sales-Campos et al.
International immunopharmacology, 26(1), 13-22 (2015-03-17)
Current therapies for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are not totally effective, resulting in persistent and recurrent disease for many patients. Mosquito saliva contains immunomodulatory molecules and therein could represent a novel therapy for IBD. Here, we demonstrated the therapeutic activity
Sally Hamour et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0136238-e0136238 (2015-09-01)
IL-17 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis and IL-17 deficient mice are protected from nephrotoxic nephritis. However, a regulatory role for IL-17 has recently emerged. We describe a novel protective function for IL-17 in the kidney.
Naveen K Jha et al.
PLoS pathogens, 7(1), e1001260-e1001260 (2011-02-02)
A large group of viruses rely on low pH to activate their fusion proteins that merge the viral envelope with an endosomal membrane, releasing the viral nucleocapsid. A critical barrier to understanding these events has been the lack of approaches
Tin Ngo et al.
BMC cell biology, 15, 30-30 (2014-07-24)
MXD3 is a basic-helix-loop-helix-leucine-zipper transcription factor involved in cellular proliferation. In previous studies we demonstrated that knock-down of MXD3 in the human medulloblastoma cell line DAOY resulted in decreased proliferation. Surprisingly, overexpression of MXD3 in DAOY cells also decreased proliferation
Masayuki Tsuneki et al.
Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology, 95(7), 765-780 (2015-05-12)
Microvascular endothelial cells cultured in three-dimensional hydrogel scaffolds form a network of microvessel structures when implanted subcutaneously in mice, inosculate with host vessels, and over time remodel into large ectatic vascular structures resembling hemangiomas. When compared with infantile hemangiomas, similarities
N Craig Carville et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 103(8), 2540-2548 (2014-12-17)
In this work, the influence of substrate surface charge on in vitro osteoblast cell proliferation on ferroelectric lithium niobate (LN) crystal surfaces is investigated. LN has a spontaneous polarization along the z-axis and is thus characterized by positive and negative
Lukasz Szoka et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 403(1-2), 51-60 (2015-01-30)
The oxythiamine (OXY) is antivitamin of thiamine. The finding that OXY increases the cytoplasmic concentration of pyruvate, known to enhance collagen biosynthesis, led us to investigate the mechanism of this antivitamin action on collagen biosynthesis in cultured human skin fibroblasts.
Yair Botbol et al.
Autophagy, 11(10), 1864-1877 (2015-09-24)
Macroautophagy is a cellular process that mediates degradation in the lysosome of cytoplasmic components including proteins and organelles. Previous studies have shown that macroautophagy is induced in activated T cells to regulate organelle homeostasis and the cell's energy metabolism. However
Damián Pérez-Mazliah et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(3), e1004715-e1004715 (2015-03-13)
Interleukin-21 signaling is important for germinal center B-cell responses, isotype switching and generation of memory B cells. However, a role for IL-21 in antibody-mediated protection against pathogens has not been demonstrated. Here we show that IL-21 is produced by T
Philipp Müller et al.
Cancer immunology research, 2(8), 741-755 (2014-06-12)
Antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) are emerging as powerful treatment strategies with outstanding target-specificity and high therapeutic activity in patients with cancer. Brentuximab vedotin represents a first-in-class ADC directed against CD30(+) malignancies. We hypothesized that its sustained clinical responses could be related
Janna Schneppenheim et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 451(1), 48-53 (2014-07-19)
The invariant chain (CD74) mediates targeting of the MHCII complex to endosomal compartments, where CD74 undergoes degradation allowing MHCII to acquire peptides. We demonstrated recently that intramembrane proteolysis of the final membrane-bound N-terminal fragment (NTF) of CD74 is catalyzed by
R Bi et al.
Osteoarthritis and cartilage, 28(6), 842-852 (2020-03-10)
This study was aimed to identify the residence of human fibrocartilage stem cells (hFCSCs), characterize their stem cell properties and investigate the functional mechanisms which regulate fibrocartilage stem cells (FCSCs) toward chondrogenic differentiation during cartilage homeostasis and repairing. Cytological characteristics
Jéssica Arribas et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 20(10), 1338-1346 (2015-07-29)
T-box genes regulate development processes, some of these genes having also a role in cell proliferation and survival. TBX15 is a T-box transcription factor that, recently, has been proposed as a marker in prostate cancer, but its function in carcinogenesis
Gulcin Tezcan et al.
Cellular and molecular neurobiology, 35(2), 175-187 (2014-09-13)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the deadliest human malignancies. A cure for GBM remains elusive, and the overall survival time is less than 1 year. Thus, the development of more efficient therapeutic approaches for the treatment of these patients
David A Magee et al.
Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland), 94(4), 441-450 (2014-06-03)
Despite sharing >99.9% genome sequence similarity at the nucleotide level, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis-the causative agents of human and bovine tuberculosis, respectively-exhibit distinct host preferences. M. bovis can cause disease in both cattle and humans yet rarely transmits between
Liu Ying et al.
Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology, 76(3), 641-650 (2015-08-01)
Transforming growth factor-β-activating kinase 1 (TAK1) has been implicated in promoting ovarian cancer progression. Here, we evaluated the anti-ovarian cancer effect of LYTAK1, a novel and specific TAK1 inhibitor. Established or primary human ovarian cancer cells were treated with LYTAK1
Rob S Burke et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(12), 3445-3460 (2014-07-02)
To develop a tool based on siRNA-mediated knockdown of hepatic P450 oxidoreductase (POR) to decrease the CYP-mediated metabolism of small molecule drugs that suffer from rapid metabolism in vivo, with the aim of improving plasma exposure of these drugs. siRNA
A L Althaus et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 113(4), 1184-1194 (2014-11-28)
Hilar ectopic dentate granule cells (DGCs) are a salient feature of aberrant plasticity in human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and most rodent models of the disease. Recent evidence from rodent TLE models suggests that hilar ectopic DGCs contribute to hyperexcitability
G Herma Renkema et al.
European journal of human genetics : EJHG, 23(2), 202-209 (2014-05-02)
Defects in complex II of the mitochondrial respiratory chain are a rare cause of mitochondrial disorders. Underlying autosomal-recessive genetic defects are found in most of the 'SDHx' genes encoding complex II (SDHA, SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD) and its assembly factors.
Megan D Lee et al.
Molecular immunology, 63(2), 540-549 (2014-12-03)
Antigen engagement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) induces a rapid and dramatic decondensation of chromatin that is necessary for T-cell activation. This decondensation makes T-cells competent to respond to interleukin-2 providing a mechanism to ensure clonotypic proliferation during an immune
Bryan M Hooks et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(10), 4418-4426 (2015-03-13)
Cortical cells integrate synaptic input from multiple sources, but how these different inputs are distributed across individual neurons is largely unknown. Differences in input might account for diverse responses in neighboring neurons during behavior. We present a strategy for comparing
Bo Wei et al.
Journal of biomaterials applications, 30(2), 160-170 (2015-03-15)
The goal of this study was to investigate the chondrogenic potential of three-dimensional polycaprolactone-hydroxyapatite (PCL-HA) scaffolds loaded with bone marrow cells in vitro and the effect of PCL-HA scaffolds on osteochondral repair in vivo. Here, bone marrow was added to
Ivy Wilkinson-Ryan et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125851-e0125851 (2015-05-02)
One strategy in cancer immunotherapy is to capitalize on the key immunoregulatory and antigen presenting capabilities of dendritic cells (DCs). This approach is dependent on efficient delivery of tumor specific antigens to DCs, which subsequently induce an anti-tumor T-cell mediated
Senthilkumar K Sakthivel et al.
Journal of immune based therapies and vaccines, 6, 6-6 (2008-10-30)
Alterations in serum CXCR3 ligand levels were examined in interstitial cystitis (IC) patients; similar expression patterns in serum as well as CXCR3, CXCR3 ligands, and cytokines expressed by peripheral and local leukocyte subpopulations were characterized during cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced acute cystitis
Ezgi Bayram et al.
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology, 42(6), 418-422 (2013-07-25)
In the biosensor construction, 3-mercaptopropionic acid (3-MPA) and 6-aminocaproic acid (6-ACA) were used for forming self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on a gold disc electrode and pyruvate oxidase was immobilized on the modified electrode surface by using glutaraldehyde. Biosensor response is linearly
Niraj Kumar et al.
BMC biotechnology, 8, 42-42 (2008-04-24)
To ensure maximal productivity of recombinant proteins (rP) during production culture it is typical to encourage an initial phase of rapid cell proliferation to achieve high biomass followed by a stationary phase where cellular energies are directed towards production of
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