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Landon J Hansen et al.
Cancer research, 79(13), 3383-3394 (2019-05-02)
Homozygous deletion of methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) is one of the most frequent genetic alterations in glioblastoma (GBM), but its pathologic consequences remain unclear. In this study, we report that loss of MTAP results in profound epigenetic reprogramming characterized by hypomethylation
Wong Yau Hsiung et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2011, 293060-293060 (2011-03-23)
The anticancer potential of Leea indica, a Chinese medicinal plant was investigated for the first time. The crude ethanol extract and fractions (ethyl acetate, hexane, and water) of Leea indica were evaluated their cytotoxicity on various cell lines (Ca Ski
Marcus Pickhardt et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 76, 24-34 (2019-01-15)
We have developed a cell-based phenotypic automated high-content screening approach for N2a cells expressing the pro-aggregant repeat domain of tau protein (tauRDΔK), which allows analysis of a chemogenomic library of 1649 compounds for their effect on the inhibition or stimulation
Yanan Zhu et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 15068-15068 (2018-10-12)
Proteasome inhibitors (PIs) are now standard of care for several cancers, and noninvasive biomarkers of treatment response are critically required for early patient stratification and treatment personalization. The present study evaluated whether chemical exchange (CEST) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can
Simona Giunta et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 190(2), 197-207 (2010-07-28)
The signaling cascade initiated in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) has been extensively investigated in interphase cells. Here, we show that mitotic cells treated with DSB-inducing agents activate a "primary" DNA damage response (DDR) comprised of early signaling events
Jiaxin Hu et al.
Biochemistry, 53(28), 4510-4518 (2014-07-02)
Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that currently has no curative treatments. DRPLA is caused by an expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat region within the protein-encoding sequence of the atrophin-1 (ATN-1) gene. Inhibition of mutant ATN-1 protein
Mutsuyo Takayama-Ito et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 12(4), e0006398-e0006398 (2018-04-17)
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) causes a variety of diseases, including asymptomatic infections, meningitis, and congenital infections in the fetus of infected mother. The development of a safe and effective vaccine against LCMV is imperative. This study aims to develop a
Barbara Zonta et al.
Neuron, 69(5), 945-956 (2011-03-09)
The axon initial segment (AIS) is critical for the initiation and propagation of action potentials. Assembly of the AIS requires interactions between scaffolding molecules and voltage-gated sodium channels, but the molecular mechanisms that stabilize the AIS are poorly understood. The
Ivan Trus et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 10, 3077-3077 (2020-02-11)
Experimental increase of CpG dinucleotides in an RNA virus genome impairs infection providing a promising approach for vaccine development. While CpG recoding is an emerging and promising vaccine approach, little is known about infection phenotypes caused by recoded viruses in
Jianguo Huang et al.
Nature communications, 8, 15999-15999 (2017-07-12)
Genetically engineered mouse models that employ site-specific recombinase technology are important tools for cancer research but can be costly and time-consuming. The CRISPR-Cas9 system has been adapted to generate autochthonous tumours in mice, but how these tumours compare to tumours
Hong-Su Park et al.
Journal of virology, 92(8) (2018-02-02)
The inflammasome represents a molecular platform for innate immune regulation and controls proinflammatory cytokine production. The NLRP3 inflammasome is comprised of NLRP3, ASC, and procaspase-1. When the NLRP3 inflammasome is activated, it causes ASC speck formation and caspase-1 activation, resulting
Takahiro Sawada et al.
PloS one, 12(7), e0180785-e0180785 (2017-07-08)
We previously reported that EphA4, a member of the Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases, is an important modulator of growth hormone (GH) signaling, leading to augmented synthesis of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) for postnatal body growth. In the
Gholamreza Bidkhori et al.
Frontiers in physiology, 9, 916-916 (2018-08-02)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a deadly form of liver cancer with high mortality worldwide. Unfortunately, the large heterogeneity of this disease makes it difficult to develop effective treatment strategies. Cellular network analyses have been employed to study heterogeneity in cancer
Åsa Birna Birgisdottir et al.
Autophagy, 15(8), 1333-1355 (2019-02-16)
Autophagosome formation depends on a carefully orchestrated interplay between membrane-associated protein complexes. Initiation of macroautophagy/autophagy is mediated by the ULK1 (unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1) protein kinase complex and the autophagy-specific class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex I (PtdIns3K-C1). The
Tomoyasu Isobe et al.
The Journal of general virology, 100(5), 778-792 (2019-03-27)
Human astroviruses (HAstVs), non-enveloped RNA viruses with positive-sense RNA genomes, are an important cause of acute gastroenteritis in young children, although the processes that produce infectious virions are not clearly defined. To track the viral replication complex (RC) upon HAstV1
Cameron Lindsay et al.
Molecular carcinogenesis, 58(11), 1946-1959 (2019-07-25)
The incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has significantly increased in recent decades due to human papillomavirus (HPV)-mediated oncogenesis. Unfortunately, a growing number of HPV-positive (+) OPSCC survivors are living with the irreversible side effects of treatment. The novel
Hisashi Kanemaru et al.
iScience, 24(9), 103067-103067 (2021-09-21)
Turning non-inflamed (cold) tumors into inflamed (hot) tumors is important for maximizing the effect of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) against malignancies. We showed that lactate, a product of the Warburg effect, inhibited the efficacy of ICIs and suppressed IL-12 p40
Mingjing Shen et al.
International journal of oncology, 53(1), 317-328 (2018-05-12)
In this study, in order to investigate the effects of increased macrophage infiltration to radioresistant lung tumors in regulating natural killer (NK) cell-mediated immunity, we examined whether the treatment of radioresistant cells with conditioned medium (CM) from phorbol myristate acetate (PMA)/interleukin (IL)-4
Wangheng Hou et al.
BMC infectious diseases, 17(1), 239-239 (2017-04-01)
Two lineages of Zika virus (ZIKV) have been classified according to the phylogenetic analysis: African and Asian lineages. It is unclear whether differences exist between the two strains in host cell permissiveness, this information is important for understanding viral pathogenesis
Oksana A Sergeeva et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 116(4), 1279-1288 (2019-01-06)
The protein acyl transferase ZDHHC5 was recently proposed to regulate trafficking in the endocytic pathway. Therefore, we explored the function of this enzyme in controlling the action of bacterial toxins. We found that ZDHHC5 activity is required for two very
Jing Liu et al.
Nucleic acid therapeutics, 25(3), 113-120 (2015-03-11)
Single-stranded silencing RNAs (ss-siRNAs) are chemically modified single-stranded oligonucleotides that can function through the cellular RNA interference (RNAi) machinery to modulate gene expression. Because their invention is recent, few studies have appeared describing their use and the potential of ss-siRNAs
Biswa Nath Sharma et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 58(11), 6724-6734 (2014-08-27)
The human JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) causes the fatal demyelinating disease progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). A growing number of patients with induced or acquired immunosuppression are at risk for infection, and no effective antiviral therapy is presently available. The widely used
Anne Zirkel et al.
Molecular cell, 70(4), 730-744 (2018-05-01)
Processes like cellular senescence are characterized by complex events giving rise to heterogeneous cell populations. However, the early molecular events driving this cascade remain elusive. We hypothesized that senescence entry is triggered by an early disruption of the cells' three-dimensional (3D)
Carlos Mendoza-Palomares et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 7(4), 684-697 (2008-02-19)
Cysteine proteases have been shown to be essential virulence factors and drug targets in trypanosomatids and an attractive antidisease vaccine candidate for Trypanosoma congolense. Here, we describe an important amplification of genes encoding cathepsin B-like proteases unique to T. congolense.
Pasqualino de Antonellis et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e24584-e24584 (2011-09-21)
Through negative regulation of gene expression, microRNAs (miRNAs) can function as oncosuppressors in cancers, and can themselves show altered expression in various tumor types. Here, we have investigated medulloblastoma tumors (MBs), which arise from an early impairment of developmental processes
Michelle Griffin et al.
PloS one, 6(8), e23404-e23404 (2011-08-23)
Non-unions pose complications in fracture management that can be treated using electrical stimulation (ES). Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) are essential in fracture healing; however, the effect of different clinical ES waveforms on BMMSCs cellular activities remains unknown. We
Anzhelika Karjalainen et al.
Anti-cancer agents in medicinal chemistry, 17(12), 1710-1720 (2017-03-31)
Phenolic compounds are known for their cytotoxic properties against cancer cells despite their still unclear general mechanism of action. Herein is reported the evaluation of the cytotoxic effects of on human osteosarcoma cells of nine phenol derivatives against osteosarcoma cells
Kazue Terasawa et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 420, 1-10 (2015-03-17)
A rabbit monoclonal antibody (Abcam ab124797), with high affinity for a synthetic peptide corresponding to the C-terminal region of the receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)-κB ligand (RANKL), specifically recognizes a 37 kDa protein by immunoblotting, in good agreement with
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