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Geum Joon Cho et al.
Journal of perinatal medicine, 43(5), 537-543 (2014-12-17)
To investigate the use of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) as a neuroprotective agent in a mouse model of inflammation-associated and noninflammation-associated preterm birth. On embryonic day 15 of gestation, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and mifepristone (RU486) were used, respectively, to create mouse models...
Boqiang Li et al.
Molecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI, 28(6), 635-647 (2015-01-28)
Penicillium species are fungal pathogens that infect crop plants worldwide. P. expansum differs from P. italicum and P. digitatum, all major postharvest pathogens of pome and citrus, in that the former is able to produce the mycotoxin patulin and has...
Gerald Z Zhuang et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0118273-e0118273 (2015-03-04)
Calcium dysregulation is causally linked with various forms of neuropathology including seizure disorders, multiple sclerosis, Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's, spinal cerebellar ataxia (SCA) and chronic pain. Carbonic anhydrase-8 (Car8) is an allosteric inhibitor of inositol trisphosphate receptor-1 (ITPR1), which regulates intracellular...
Meerim K Nurbaeva et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 15803-15803 (2015-10-31)
Dental enamel formation requires large quantities of Ca(2+) yet the mechanisms mediating Ca(2+) dynamics in enamel cells are unclear. Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) channels are important Ca(2+) influx mechanisms in many cells. SOCE involves release of Ca(2+) from intracellular pools...
Maged M Costantine et al.
Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America, 38(2), 351-366 (2011-05-18)
Cerebral palsy is a leading cause of childhood neuromotor disability and is strongly associated with preterm delivery. Basic science research and some observational studies have suggested a neuroprotective benefit from antenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate. Recent randomized controlled studies and...
Christian Schach et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 307(8), H1093-H1102 (2014-08-17)
Impaired endothelial function, which is dysregulated in diabetes, also precedes hypertension. We hypothesized that in Type 2 diabetes, the impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation is due to a loss of endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH) that is regulated by impaired ion channel function. Zucker...
Y Ghinis-Hozumi et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(8), 3820-3831 (2015-10-07)
Sirtuins (Sirt) are NAD-dependent deacetylases that are activated by the antioxidants resveratrol (RSV) and lipoic acid (LA). The objective of this study was to determine in bovine liver and muscle slice cultures the effect of RSV and LA treatment on...
Jen-Seng Huang et al.
Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy), 27(4), 235-240 (2015-03-25)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous (IV) glutamine or calcium/magnesium (Ca/Mg) infusion against platinum-induced neuropathy. Patients undergoing platinum-based (oxaliplatin or cisplatin) therapy were randomized to receive IV glutamine or Ca/Mg infusion during four cycles...
Martin Skov et al.
Muscle & nerve, 51(1), 65-71 (2014-04-09)
Experimental myotonia induced in rat muscle by ClC-1 chloride channel-inhibited has been shown to be related inversely to extracellular concentrations of Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) ([Mg(2+) ]o and [Ca(2+) ]o) within physiological ranges. Because this implicates a role for [Mg(2+)]o and...
V Vijayasree et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 186(7), 4499-4506 (2014-04-01)
Dissipation and decontamination of the semisynthetic macrolide emamectin benzoate and the natural insecticide spinosad on cowpea pods were studied following field application at single and double doses of 11.0 and 22 and 73 and 146 g ai ha(-1), respectively. Residues of these naturalytes...
Wei Jia et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1362, 110-118 (2014-08-27)
A new analytical method was developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of 27 phthalates in milk and milk products. Response surface methodology was employed to optimize a quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe (QuEChERS) sample preparation method. Ultrahigh-performance liquid...
Kris Niño G Valdehuesa et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(9), 1761-1772 (2015-06-07)
Biosynthetic pathways for the production of biofuels often rely on inherent aldehyde reductases (ALRs) of the microbial host. These native ALRs play vital roles in the success of the microbial production of 1,3-propanediol, 1,4-butanediol, and isobutanol. In the present study...
Response to 'Randomised trial of magnesium in the treatment of Irukandji syndrome'.
John Rathbone et al.
Emergency medicine Australasia : EMA, 25(1), 97-98 (2013-02-06)
Taha Haffar et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 459(1), 54-59 (2015-02-26)
Here we sought to evaluate the effect of palmitate on cytokine and PPAR activity/expression. We investigated the effect of BSA conjugated palmitate and oleate on PPAR activity, PPAR-α and δ expression, as well as the expression of cytokines and key...
Amie J Moyes et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 124(9), 4039-4051 (2014-08-12)
The endothelium plays a fundamental role in maintaining vascular homeostasis by releasing factors that regulate local blood flow, systemic blood pressure, and the reactivity of leukocytes and platelets. Accordingly, endothelial dysfunction underpins many cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, myocardial infarction, and...
Yuuko Wada et al.
Cytoskeleton (Hoboken, N.J.), 72(4), 182-192 (2015-03-27)
Ciliobrevin has recently been found to be a membrane-permeable inhibitor that is specific to AAA+ molecular motors such as cytoplasmic dyneins. In this study, we investigated how ciliobrevin inhibited the motility of sperm from sea urchins: Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus, Pseudocentrotus depressus...
Mohammed A Alqumber
Saudi medical journal, 35(10), 1274-1277 (2014-10-16)
To determine Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) prevalence on retail surfaces and shoppers plastic bags. From 20 June to 10 August 2011, in a cross-sectional epidemiological study, 17 supermarkets from 2 cities, Albaha and Altaif, Saudi Arabia were sampled. A total...
Sabrina Jarazo Dietrich et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0128709-e0128709 (2015-06-06)
Although the testis is considered an immunoprivileged organ it can orchestrate immune responses against pathological insults such as infection and trauma. Experimental autoimmune orchitis (EAO) is a model of chronic inflammation whose main histopathological features it shares with human orchitis....
Hai-Ling Yu et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 64(6), 560-566 (2014-08-29)
: Thrombosis is a major complication that could be fatal in acute or chronic cardio-cerebral-vascular diseases. Therefore, the development of novel agents for anticlotting and the prevention of thrombosis and cardiovascular diseases are clinically significant. This study aimed to evaluate...
Flávio Cesar Bedatty Fernandes et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 309-315 (2014-07-24)
A new, simple, rapid and sensitive flow injection spectrophotometric method was developed for the screening and determination of sulphonamides in bovine milk samples. The method is based on the condensation of sulphathiazole, sulphamethazine, and sulphadimethoxine with p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde (p-DAB) in acid...
Hsueh-Fen Chen et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0129903-e0129903 (2015-06-19)
Candida albicans is a major human fungal pathogen. One of the important features of C. albicans pathogenicity is the ability to form biofilms on mucosal surfaces and indwelling medical devices. Biofilm formation involves complex processes in C. albicans, including cell...
Jun Fujii et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e93655-e93655 (2014-05-16)
In mice and humans, the androgen receptor (AR) gene, located on the X chromosome, is not known to be involved in sex determination. In the Japanese frog Rana rugosa the AR is located on the sex chromosomes (X, Y, Z...
Patrycja Libako et al.
European cytokine network, 26(1), 1-9 (2015-06-18)
Magnesium is highly involved in the metabolic network such that even subtle disturbances in its homeostasis affect many cellular functions, including calcium homeostasis, signal transduction, energy metabolism, membrane stability and cell proliferation. Recently, magnesium level has been proposed to modulate...
Huili Wang et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 985, 62-70 (2015-02-11)
Herein, we developed a novel integrated device to perform phase separation based on ultrasound-assisted salt-induced liquid-liquid microextraction for determination of five fluoroquinones (FQs) in human body fluids. The integrated device consisted of three simple HDPE components used to separate the...
Lie Min et al.
Electrophoresis, 36(15), 1690-1698 (2015-04-18)
This work presents improved protease digestion conditions for membrane protein detection. The enzymatic digest of bacteriorhodopsin (BR), a model membrane protein with seven transmembrane domains (TMDs) was investigated. An initial in-gel digestion identified 17% BR sequence coverage, including part of...
Oriane Tascone et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(30), 8041-8048 (2014-10-27)
Damascena and centifolia roses are cultivated worldwide for their petal extracts that contain key odorant ingredients of perfumes. The analytical identification and quantification of pesticides in rose petals have never been described in the literature. Here, we report on a...
A P Morrison et al.
British journal of anaesthesia, 110(5), 702-712 (2013-03-28)
Spinal anaesthesia is the primary anaesthetic technique for many types of surgery. Adjuncts to the local anaesthetics (LA) used in spinal anaesthesia can exhibit undesirable side-effects, limiting their use, but magnesium may have advantages in this respect. We sought randomized...
Lei Cheng et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 12829-12829 (2015-08-05)
The kidney distal convoluted tubule (DCT) plays an essential role in maintaining body sodium balance and blood pressure. The major sodium reabsorption pathway in the DCT is the thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC), whose functions can be modulated by the hormone...
Xiaohui Chen et al.
Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica, 47(7), 504-515 (2015-06-13)
Cigarette smoking is associated with lower semen quality, but how cigarette smoking changes the semen quality remains unclear. The aim of this study was to screen the differentially expressed proteins in the sperm of mice with daily exposure to cigarette...
Maosheng Xia et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 92(8), 1078-1090 (2014-04-02)
After spinal cord injury (SCI), the formation of glial scar is a complex process that is attributed primarily to astrocytic proliferation, but the mechanism of astrocytes proliferation is still unclear. Fibronectin is a large extracellular glycoprotein that helps organize the...
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