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J A Stolwijk et al.
Integrative biology : quantitative biosciences from nano to macro (2019-05-15)
Label-free, holistic assays, monitoring, for example, the impedance of cells on electrodes, are gaining increasing popularity in the evaluation of G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands. It is the strength of these approaches to provide the integrated cellular response non-invasively, highly automated
Wong Yau Hsiung et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2011, 293060-293060 (2011-03-23)
The anticancer potential of Leea indica, a Chinese medicinal plant was investigated for the first time. The crude ethanol extract and fractions (ethyl acetate, hexane, and water) of Leea indica were evaluated their cytotoxicity on various cell lines (Ca Ski
Sijia Wu et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 37(39), 9438-9452 (2017-08-30)
Presynaptic reuptake, mediated by the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT), terminates DAergic neurotransmission and constrains extracellular DA levels. Addictive and therapeutic psychostimulants inhibit DA reuptake and multiple DAT coding variants have been reported in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. These findings underscore
Simona Giunta et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 190(2), 197-207 (2010-07-28)
The signaling cascade initiated in response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) has been extensively investigated in interphase cells. Here, we show that mitotic cells treated with DSB-inducing agents activate a "primary" DNA damage response (DDR) comprised of early signaling events
Qingyun Li et al.
Neuron, 101(2), 207-223 (2019-01-05)
Microglia are increasingly recognized for their major contributions during brain development and neurodegenerative disease. It is currently unknown whether these functions are carried out by subsets of microglia during different stages of development and adulthood or within specific brain regions. Here
Barbara Zonta et al.
Neuron, 69(5), 945-956 (2011-03-09)
The axon initial segment (AIS) is critical for the initiation and propagation of action potentials. Assembly of the AIS requires interactions between scaffolding molecules and voltage-gated sodium channels, but the molecular mechanisms that stabilize the AIS are poorly understood. The
W Deng et al.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 24(11), 6111-6121 (2020-06-24)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has an effect on cancer cell proliferation and survival. TMTC1 has been reported to be involved in cell proliferation and inflammation, and development of ER. Hsa_circRNA_101036 is an exon circRNA formed by splicing of TMTC1 mRNA
Katalin Leiszter et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0118332-e0118332 (2015-02-28)
Somatostatin (SST) has anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. Our aims were to analyze and compare the SST expression during normal aging and colorectal carcinogenesis at mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, we tested the methylation status of SST in biopsy samples, and
Chiara Vidoni et al.
Neurochemistry international, 101, 132-143 (2016-11-15)
Neuronal cell death in Huntington's Disease (HD) is associated with the abnormal expansions of a polyglutamine (polyQ) tract in the huntingtin protein (Htt) at the N-terminus that causes the misfolding and aggregation of the mutated protein (mHtt). Autophagy-lysosomal degradation of
Kara McNair et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 20(3), 349-367 (2018-11-08)
Expression of the tumour suppressor Deleted in Colorectal Cancer (DCC) and the related protein neogenin is reduced by the mammalian serine protease chymotrypsin or the bacterial serine protease subtilisin, with increased cell migration. The present work examines whether these actions
Kazuya Yamashita et al.
Stem cells and development, 27(16), 1097-1108 (2018-06-23)
Corneal blindness is the third leading cause of blindness in the world, and one of the main etiologies is dysfunction of the corneal endothelium. Current treatment of corneal endothelial disease is allogenic corneal transplantation, which is limited by the global
Stephen L Ball et al.
The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology, 124(6), 437-442 (2014-12-30)
Well-characterized cell lines represent useful scientific tools to study the pathophysiology of human disease. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a very common condition, though the number of CRS cell lines is limited, as are data showing how closely they resemble primary
Nils Bohmer et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 9(35), 29571-29579 (2017-08-15)
The magnetic separation of pathogenic compounds from body fluids is an appealing therapeutic concept. Recently, removal of a diverse array of pathogens has been demonstrated using extracorporeal dialysis-type devices. The contact time between the fluid and the magnetic beads in
Melanie Kucki et al.
Journal of nanobiotechnology, 15(1), 46-46 (2017-06-24)
Understanding the interaction of graphene-related materials (GRM) with human cells is a key to the assessment of their potential risks for human health. There is a knowledge gap regarding the potential uptake of GRM by human intestinal cells after unintended
Victor Bandaly et al.
Food and environmental virology, 9(4), 464-472 (2017-07-01)
One of the most important topics that occupy public health problems is the air quality. That is the reason why mechanical ventilation and air handling units (AHU) were imposed by the different governments in the collective or individual buildings. Many
Justin S Becker et al.
Molecular cell, 68(6), 1023-1037 (2017-12-23)
Heterochromatin is integral to cell identity maintenance by impeding the activation of genes for alternate cell fates. Heterochromatic regions are associated with histone 3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) or H3K27me3, but these modifications are also found in euchromatic regions that
Anna Bodzon-Kulakowska et al.
Cytotechnology, 67(6), 1085-1091 (2014-05-08)
Desorption electrospray ionization may be used as a fast and convenient method for analysis and identification of lipids in the cell culture. Oxidative stress, which usually involves changes in lipids, was used as a model of pathology to show the
Juan Oyarzo et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 48(3), 1023-1039 (2019-01-04)
The syntheses, characterization, X-ray crystal structures, electrochemical properties and anticancer and antichagasic activities of the first examples of 2-substituted 2,4-dihydro-1H-3,1-benzoxazines with half-sandwich organometallic arrays, [M(η5-C5H4)(CO)3] (M = Re or Mn), at position-2 are described. Experimental and computational studies based on
Jessica Rea et al.
Cancers, 13(15) (2021-08-08)
The impact of protein-coding genes on cancer onset and progression is a well-established paradigm in molecular oncology. Nevertheless, unveiling the contribution of the noncoding genes-including long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs)-to tumorigenesis represents a great challenge for personalized medicine, since they (i)
Karen A O'Hanlon Cohrt et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 62(5) (2018-02-15)
An increase in the incidence of rare but hard-to-treat invasive fungal pathogens as well as resistance to the currently available antifungal drugs calls for new broad-spectrum antifungals with a novel mechanism of action. Here we report the identification and characterization
Natalia Papargyri et al.
Molecular therapy. Nucleic acids, 19, 706-717 (2020-01-18)
The identification of molecules that can modulate RNA or protein function and the subsequent chemical and structural optimization to refine such molecules into drugs is a key activity in drug discovery. Here, we explored the extent to which chemical and
Krzysztof Kolmus et al.
Journal of cell science, 134(1) (2021-01-10)
Molecular details of how endocytosis contributes to oncogenesis remain elusive. Our in silico analysis of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients revealed stage-dependent alterations in the expression of 112 endocytosis-related genes. Among them, transcription of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport
Veronica Ferrucci et al.
Science signaling, 14(690) (2021-07-08)
Inorganic polyphosphates (polyPs) are linear polymers composed of repeated phosphate (PO4 3-) units linked together by multiple high-energy phosphoanhydride bonds. In addition to being a source of energy, polyPs have cytoprotective and antiviral activities. Here, we investigated the antiviral activities
Steven J Edwards et al.
Frontiers in molecular biosciences, 7, 208-208 (2020-11-17)
Three-dimensional cell cultures are able to better mimic the physiology and cellular environments found in tissues in vivo compared to cells grown in two dimensions. In order to study the structure and function of cells in 3-D cultures, light microscopy
Hiroaki Mitsuhashi et al.
Biology open, 7(4) (2018-04-06)
Aberrant expression of the full-length isoform of DUX4 (DUX4-FL) appears to underlie pathogenesis in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). DUX4-FL is a transcription factor and ectopic expression of DUX4-FL is toxic to most cells. Previous studies showed that DUX4-FL-induced pathology requires
Carlos Mendoza-Palomares et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 7(4), 684-697 (2008-02-19)
Cysteine proteases have been shown to be essential virulence factors and drug targets in trypanosomatids and an attractive antidisease vaccine candidate for Trypanosoma congolense. Here, we describe an important amplification of genes encoding cathepsin B-like proteases unique to T. congolense.
Elspeth Ward et al.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 24(15), 3692-3703 (2018-03-24)
Purpose: Despite the clinical utility of endocrine therapies for estrogen receptor-positive (ER) breast cancer, up to 40% of patients eventually develop resistance, leading to disease progression. The molecular determinants that drive this adaptation to treatment remain poorly understood. Methylome aberrations
Maike Bublitz et al.
PloS one, 13(1), e0188620-e0188620 (2018-01-03)
We have identified a series of tetrahydrocarbazoles as novel P-type ATPase inhibitors. Using a set of rationally designed analogues, we have analyzed their structure-activity relationship using functional assays, crystallographic data and computational modeling. We found that tetrahydrocarbazoles inhibit adenosine triphosphate
Pasqualino de Antonellis et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e24584-e24584 (2011-09-21)
Through negative regulation of gene expression, microRNAs (miRNAs) can function as oncosuppressors in cancers, and can themselves show altered expression in various tumor types. Here, we have investigated medulloblastoma tumors (MBs), which arise from an early impairment of developmental processes
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