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Luce Farine et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16787-16787 (2015-11-19)
Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) are among the most abundant phospholipids in biological membranes. In many eukaryotes, the CDP-ethanolamine and CDP-choline branches of the Kennedy pathway represent major and often essential routes for the production of PE and PC, with
J A Tree et al.
Journal of virology, 89(8), 4335-4344 (2015-02-06)
To evaluate new vaccines when human efficacy studies are not possible, the FDA's "Animal Rule" requires well-characterized models of infection. Thus, in the present study, the early pathogenic events of monkeypox infection in nonhuman primates, a surrogate for variola virus
B Müller-Edenborn et al.
British journal of anaesthesia, 114(1), 143-149 (2014-07-06)
Growing evidence suggests a protective effect of volatile anaesthetics in ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R)-injury, and the accumulation of neutrophils is a crucial event. Pro-inflammatory cytokines carrying the C-X-C-motif including interleukin-8 (IL-8) and CXC-ligand 1 (CXCL1) activate CXC receptor-1 (CXCR1; stimulated by IL-8)
Karan M Shah et al.
Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 33(1), 114-121 (2014-09-25)
Cobalt and chromium species are released in the local tissues as a result of tribo-corrosion, and affect bone cell survival and function. However we have little understanding of the mechanisms of cellular entry, intracellular distribution, and speciation of the metals
María I Tracanna et al.
Phytotherapy research : PTR, 29(3), 393-397 (2014-11-25)
A new phenolic derivative, 2,8-dihydroxy-7H-furo[2,3-f]chromen-7-one (1), together with isoquercitrin (2), was isolated from the aerial parts of Tibouchina paratropica. Compound structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. Both compounds show antimicrobial activity towards a panel of bacterial and fungal pathogens, and
Gamma Chi et al.
European biophysics journal : EBJ, 44(7), 589-598 (2015-08-04)
The mechanosensitive channel of large conductance MscL is a well-characterized mechanically gated non-selective ion channel, which often serves as a prototype mechanosensitive channel for mechanotransduction studies. However, there are some discrepancies between MscL constructs used in these studies, most notably
Dae Heon Kim et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6843-6843 (2015-04-17)
In eukaryotic cells, organellar proteome biogenesis is pivotal for cellular function. Chloroplasts contain a complex proteome, the biogenesis of which includes post-translational import of nuclear-encoded proteins. However, the mechanisms determining when and how nascent chloroplast-targeted proteins are sorted in the
Nik Veldhoen et al.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part D, Genomics & proteomics, 16, 99-105 (2015-10-16)
Postembryonic frog development requires a thyroid hormone (TH)-dependent metamorphic transition from an aquatic larva to a terrestrial frog. Such change in environment involves lung maturation in preparation for breathing air. However, little is known regarding the underlying molecular events and
Liu Ying et al.
Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology, 76(3), 641-650 (2015-08-01)
Transforming growth factor-β-activating kinase 1 (TAK1) has been implicated in promoting ovarian cancer progression. Here, we evaluated the anti-ovarian cancer effect of LYTAK1, a novel and specific TAK1 inhibitor. Established or primary human ovarian cancer cells were treated with LYTAK1
Tamara R Litwin et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(7), e43-e43 (2015-01-02)
DNA structure and topology pervasively influence aspects of DNA metabolism including replication, transcription and segregation. However, the effects of DNA topology on DNA-protein interactions have not been systematically explored due to limitations of standard affinity assays. We developed a method
Kousi Alzoubi et al.
Toxins, 7(8), 2822-2834 (2015-08-01)
The natural phosphoprotein phosphatase inhibitor cantharidin, primarily used for topical treatment of warts, has later been shown to trigger tumor cell apoptosis and is thus considered for the treatment of malignancy. Similar to apoptosis of tumor cells, erythrocytes may undergo
Qunfeng Ma et al.
Oncology reports, 33(1), 193-200 (2014-11-06)
Based on the three-dimensional modeling structure of human interleukin-24 (hIL-24) and its most likely active position predicted by solvent accessibility and apparent electrostatic properties, a novel hIL-24 peptide M1 was created by computer-guided molecular design. The cytotoxicity and cell selectivity
Giuseppina Barutello et al.
Oncoimmunology, 4(5), e1005500-e1005500 (2015-07-15)
Maternal immunization is successfully applied against some life-threatening infectious diseases as it can protect the mother and her offspring through the passive transfer of maternal antibodies. Here, we sought to evaluate whether the concept of maternal immunization could also be
Ivy Wilkinson-Ryan et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125851-e0125851 (2015-05-02)
One strategy in cancer immunotherapy is to capitalize on the key immunoregulatory and antigen presenting capabilities of dendritic cells (DCs). This approach is dependent on efficient delivery of tumor specific antigens to DCs, which subsequently induce an anti-tumor T-cell mediated
Joseph Y Kim et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0136235-e0136235 (2015-08-20)
Immune prophylaxis and treatment of transplanted tissue rejection act indiscriminately, risking serious infections and malignancies. Although animal data suggest that cellular immune responses causing rejection may be rather narrow and predictable based on genetic background, there are only limited data
Takashi Nakamura et al.
Journal of cell science, 127(Pt 24), 5261-5272 (2014-10-26)
The basal layer of the epidermis contains stem cells and transit amplifying cells that rapidly proliferate and differentiate further into the upper layers of the epidermis. A number of molecules have been identified as regulators of this process, including p63
Katrien Forier et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 195, 21-28 (2014-08-16)
Encapsulation of antibiotics into nanoparticles is a potential strategy to eradicate biofilms. To allow further optimization of nanomedicines for biofilm eradication, the influence of the nanoparticle size on the penetration into dense biofilm clusters needs to be investigated. In the
Mehra Haghi et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(6), 2144-2153 (2014-12-30)
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of low-dose clarithromycin, formulated as solution pressurized metered dose inhaler, following deposition on the Calu-3 respiratory epithelial cells. Clarithromycin was deposited on the air-interface culture of Calu-3 cells using a
Cheong-Yong Yun et al.
Theranostics, 9(3), 646-660 (2019-02-28)
Rationale: SOX10 (SRY-related HMG-box 10) and MITF-M (microphthalmia-associated transcription factor M) restrict the expression of melanogenic genes, such as TYR (tyrosinase), in melanocytes. DACE (diacetylcaffeic acid cyclohexyl ester) inhibits melanin production in α-MSH (α-melanocyte stimulating hormone)-activated B16-F0 melanoma cells. In
Zhixing Hu et al.
Stem cells and development, 24(21), 2591-2604 (2015-07-29)
The lack of robust Parkinson's disease (PD) phenotype in parkin knockout rodents and the identification of defective dopaminergic (DA) neurotransmission in midbrain DA neurons derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) of PD patients with parkin mutations demonstrate the utility
Valéryane Dupuis-Maurin et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0118551-e0118551 (2015-03-05)
Deregulated expression of oncogenes or transcription factors such as specificity protein 1 (Sp1) is observed in many human cancers and plays a role in tumor maintenance. Paradoxically in untransformed cells, Sp1 overexpression induces late apoptosis but the early intrinsic response
K Sugimachi et al.
British journal of cancer, 112(3), 532-538 (2015-01-15)
Predictive biomarkers for the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have great benefit in the selection of treatment options, including liver transplantation (LT), for HCC. The purpose of this study was to identify specific microRNAs (miRs) in exosomes from the serum
Christopher K Garrett et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135447-e0135447 (2015-08-14)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis harbors over 160 genes encoding PE/PPE proteins, several of which have roles in the pathogen's virulence. A number of PE/PPE proteins are secreted via Type VII secretion systems known as the ESX secretion systems. One PE protein, LipY
Dan Li et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(20), 6473-6479 (2014-08-12)
This study intends to establish and apply methods evaluating both viral capsid and genome integrities of human noroviruses (NoVs), which thus far remain nonculturable. Murine norovirus 1 (MNV-1) and human NoV GII.4 in phosphate-buffered saline suspensions were treated with heat
Rahul Krishnan et al.
Transplantation, 99(4), 710-716 (2015-03-21)
Porcine islet xenotransplantation has been demonstrated in many animal studies to cure experimentally induced diabetes. However, several issues currently impede the translation of porcine islet xenotransplantation to sustained insulin independence clinically. Although adult pigs have mature islets that secrete insulin
Ryan McGorty et al.
Optics express, 23(12), 16142-16153 (2015-07-21)
We have developed a new open-top selective plane illumination microscope (SPIM) compatible with microfluidic devices, multi-well plates, and other sample formats used in conventional inverted microscopy. Its key element is a water prism that compensates for the aberrations introduced when
Riichiro Hira et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(39), 13311-13322 (2015-10-02)
Movements of animals are composed of two fundamental dynamics: discrete and rhythmic movements. Although the movements with distinct dynamics are thought to be differently processed in the CNS, it is unclear how they are represented in the cerebral cortex. Here
Roberta Minotti et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 35(18), 3189-3199 (2015-07-08)
ADP-ribosyltransferase diphtheria-toxin like 1/poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (ARTD1/PARP1) is a chromatin-associated protein in the nucleus and plays an important role in different cellular processes such as regulation of gene transcription. ARTD1 has been shown to coregulate the inflammatory response by modulating
Sushma Singh et al.
Parasitology research, 113(6), 2161-2168 (2014-04-15)
Leishmaniasis is one of the major health problems existing globally. The current chemotherapy for leishmaniasis presents several drawbacks like toxicity and increased resistance to existing drugs, and hence, there is a necessity to look out for the novel drug targets
C E Serna-Jiménez et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 492(1-2), 223-232 (2015-07-22)
The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a transdermal delivery system of pizotifen malate. Pizotifen is frequently used in the preventive treatment of migraine, but is also indicated in eating disorders. In the course of the project
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