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T Han et al.
European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 17(11), 1529-1535 (2013-06-19)
Hhigh mortality of the severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is caused by the damage of intestinal mucosal barrier. Glutamine (Gln) has been used to protect the intestinal mucosal barrier in the treatments of many severe diseases. To explore the impact of
Varun Balaji et al.
Autophagy, 14(12), 2139-2154 (2018-08-28)
Missorting of MAPT/Tau represents one of the early signs of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer disease. The triggers for this are still a matter of debate. Here we investigated the sorting mechanisms of endogenous MAPT in mature primary neurons using microfluidic chambers
Vasiliki Gkretsi et al.
Experimental cell research, 352(2), 281-292 (2017-02-18)
A hallmark of cancer cells is their ability to invade surrounding tissues and form metastases. Cell-extracellular matrix (ECM)-adhesion proteins are crucial in metastasis, connecting tumor ECM with actin cytoskeleton thus enabling cells to respond to mechanical cues. Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP)
Is restless legs syndrome a sleep disorder?
John W Winkelman
Neurology, 80(22), 2006-2007 (2013-04-30)
Shane Deegan et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 451(3), 367-373 (2014-08-03)
Cells respond to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress through the unfolded protein response (UPR), autophagy and cell death. In this study we utilized casp9(+/+) and casp9(-/-) MEFs to determine the effect of inhibition of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway on ER stress-induced-cell death
A N Fonteh et al.
Amino acids, 32(2), 213-224 (2006-10-13)
Our aim was to determine changes in free amino acid (FAA) and dipeptide (DP) concentrations in probable Alzheimer's disease (pAD) subjects compared with control (CT) subjects using liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS2). We recruited gender- and
David S Wishart et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 871(2), 164-173 (2008-05-27)
With continuing improvements in analytical technology and an increased interest in comprehensive metabolic profiling of biofluids and tissues, there is a growing need to develop comprehensive reference resources for certain clinically important biofluids, such as blood, urine and cerebrospinal fluid
Rommel A Mathias et al.
Cell, 159(7), 1615-1625 (2014-12-20)
Sirtuins (SIRTs) are critical enzymes that govern genome regulation, metabolism, and aging. Despite conserved deacetylase domains, mitochondrial SIRT4 and SIRT5 have little to no deacetylase activity, and a robust catalytic activity for SIRT4 has been elusive. Here, we establish SIRT4
Aseel El Hajj et al.
PloS one, 14(6), e0218812-e0218812 (2019-06-25)
The regulation of cholesterol, an essential brain lipid, ensures proper neuronal development and function, as demonstrated by links between perturbations of cholesterol metabolism and neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease. The central nervous system (CNS) acquires cholesterol via de novo synthesis
C Härnryd et al.
Psychopharmacology, 64(2), 131-134 (1979-08-08)
The effect of ECT on concentrations of monoamine metabolites in lumbar CSF of psychotic women with a schizophrenic symptomatology was examined. After a series of ECT there was a significant reduction of the concentration of the major noradrenaline metabolite, MOPEG.
Glutamine and antioxidants in critically ill patients.
Bruce R Bistrian
The New England journal of medicine, 369(5), 482-482 (2013-08-02)
Tibor Sághy et al.
Cell death & disease, 10(6), 439-439 (2019-06-06)
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a multifunctional protein that promotes clearance of apoptotic cells (efferocytosis) acting as integrin β3 coreceptor. Accumulating evidence indicates that defective efferocytosis contributes to the development of chronic inflammatory diseases. Obesity is characterized by the accumulation of
Andrew Shao et al.
Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 50(3), 376-399 (2008-03-08)
Taurine, glutamine and arginine are examples of amino acids which have become increasingly popular as ingredients in dietary supplements and functional foods and beverages. Animal and human clinical research suggests that oral supplementation of these amino acids provides additional health
Gamze Dereli Can et al.
Cytotherapy, 21(1), 83-95 (2018-12-05)
Several methods to cultivate limbal epithelial stem cells (LESCs) in vitro with the support of feeder layers and different growth medium formulations have been established for several years. The initial green medium consists of various ingredients that exhibit a non-optimal
Rachel A Fischer et al.
Advanced healthcare materials, 7(14), e1701290-e1701290 (2018-06-27)
How graphene influences the behavior of living cells or tissues remains a critical issue for its application in biomedical studies, despite the general acceptance that graphene is biocompatible. While direct contact between cells and graphene is not a requirement for
Daniela Billups et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(44), 17429-17434 (2013-11-01)
The mechanisms by which the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate is recycled at synapses are currently unknown. By examining the functional expression of plasma membrane transporters at presynaptic terminals, we aim to elucidate some of the mechanisms of glutamate recycling. Using whole-cell
Abhishek A Chakraborty et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 363(6432), 1217-1222 (2019-03-16)
Oxygen sensing is central to metazoan biology and has implications for human disease. Mammalian cells express multiple oxygen-dependent enzymes called 2-oxoglutarate (OG)-dependent dioxygenases (2-OGDDs), but they vary in their oxygen affinities and hence their ability to sense oxygen. The 2-OGDD
Takashi Abe et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 70(3), 447-450 (2002-10-23)
To investigate the possible role of oxidative RNA damage in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the concentrations of the oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OHG) were measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the serum of patients with AD and
Ladislava Schröterová et al.
International journal of oncology, 53(4), 1625-1632 (2018-08-02)
Inositol hexaphosphate (IP6), also known as phytic acid, has been shown to exhibit anticancer effects in a number of preclinical tumor models. IP6 decreases proliferation by arresting cells in the G0/G1 phase, inhibits iron-mediated oxidative reactions, enhances differentiation and stimulates apoptosis.
Gamze Dereli Can et al.
Experimental eye research, 173, 1-12 (2018-04-22)
Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a natural biomaterial and has excellent biochemical and physical properties with a history of proven biocompatibility in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Recent reports of fibrin-based matrices have offered new opportunities to apply
Alessandra Ferraresi et al.
Molecular carcinogenesis, 56(3), 1164-1181 (2016-11-04)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a pro-inflammatory cytokine released by cancer-associated fibroblasts, has been linked to the invasive and metastatic behavior of ovarian cancer cells. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring polyphenol with the potential to inhibit cancer cell migration. Here we show that
Georg Michlits et al.
Nature methods, 14(12), 1191-1197 (2017-10-19)
Pooled CRISPR screens are a powerful tool for assessments of gene function. However, conventional analysis is based exclusively on the relative abundance of integrated single guide RNAs (sgRNAs) between populations, which does not discern distinct phenotypes and editing outcomes generated
Luika A Timmerman et al.
Cancer cell, 24(4), 450-465 (2013-10-08)
A handful of tumor-derived cell lines form the mainstay of cancer therapeutic development, yielding drugs with an impact typically measured as months to disease progression. To develop more effective breast cancer therapeutics and more readily understand their clinical impact, we
J K Nicholson et al.
The Biochemical journal, 217(2), 365-375 (1984-01-15)
Resonances for the ketone bodies 3-D-hydroxybutyrate, acetone and acetoacetate are readily detected in serum, plasma and urine samples from fasting and diabetic subjects by 1H n.m.r. spectroscopy at 400 MHz. Besides the simultaneous observation of metabolites, the major advantage of
C Chaussain et al.
Journal of dental research, 93(4), 360-365 (2014-02-04)
In the literature, the enamelin gene ENAM has been repeatedly designated as a possible candidate for caries susceptibility. Here, we checked whether ENAM variants could increase caries susceptibility. To this aim, we sequenced coding exons and exon-intron boundaries of ENAM
Wolfram Gronwald et al.
Kidney international, 79(11), 1244-1253 (2011-03-11)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a frequent cause of kidney failure; however, urinary biomarkers for the disease are lacking. In a step towards identifying such markers, we used multidimensional-multinuclear nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy with support vector machine-based
Francesca J Nicholls et al.
Cell transplantation, 26(4), 625-645 (2016-12-13)
The interpretation of cell transplantation experiments is often dependent on the presence of an exogenous label for the identification of implanted cells. The exogenous labels Hoechst 33342, 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), PKH26, and Qtracker were compared for their labeling efficiency, cellular effects
Aintzane García-Bea et al.
Journal of psychopharmacology (Oxford, England), 31(12), 1519-1526 (2017-06-29)
As well as being expressed as a full-length transcript, the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 (GRM3, mGlu3) gene is expressed as an mRNA isoform which lacks exon 4 (GRM3Δ4) and which is predicted to encode a protein with a
M Di Rienzo et al.
Science advances, 5(5), eaau8857-eaau8857 (2019-05-28)
Optimal autophagic activity is crucial to maintain muscle integrity, with either reduced or excessive levels leading to specific myopathies. LGMD2H is a muscle dystrophy caused by mutations in the ubiquitin ligase TRIM32, whose function in muscles remains not fully understood.
Zlata Vershinin et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 291(13), 6786-6795 (2016-02-05)
Lysine methylation of non-histone proteins has emerged as a key regulator of many cellular functions. Although less studied than other post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation and acetylation, the number of known methylated non-histone proteins is rapidly expanding. We have identified
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