Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 1916 results for "


" within Papers
Sort by Relevance
Zhi-Qin Liu et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 285(1), 61-70 (2015-03-23)
Insulin resistance is a characteristic feature of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and is characterized by defects in insulin signaling. Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a key negative regulator of the insulin signaling pathways, and its increased activity and
Rebeca Garcia et al.
Talanta, 147, 307-314 (2015-11-26)
Following bread dough development can be a hard task as no reliable method exists to give the optimal mixing time. Dough development is linked to the evolution of gluten proteins, carbohydrates and lipids which can result in modifications in the
M Sumit et al.
Integrative biology : quantitative biosciences from nano to macro, 7(11), 1378-1386 (2015-09-17)
Many biological processes are rhythmic and proper timing is increasingly appreciated as being critical for development and maintenance of physiological functions. To understand how temporal modulation of an input signal influences downstream responses, we employ microfluidic pulsatile stimulation of a
Natasha R Ryz et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 309(9), G730-G742 (2015-09-05)
Vitamin D deficiency affects more that 1 billion people worldwide. Although thought to increase risk of bacterial infections, the importance of vitamin D on host defense against intestinal bacterial pathogens is currently unclear since injection of the active form of
Rebekka Kohlmann et al.
International journal of medical microbiology : IJMM, 305(4-5), 469-479 (2015-05-09)
Rapid identification of the causative microorganism is a key element in appropriate antimicrobial therapy of bloodstream infections. Whereas traditional analysis of positive blood cultures requires subculture over at least 16-24h prior to pathogen identification by, e.g. matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass
Jiho Kang et al.
Journal of periodontal & implant science, 45(3), 101-110 (2015-07-02)
Sclerostin, an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, exerts negative effects on bone formation and contributes to periodontitis-induced alveolar bone loss. Recent studies have demonstrated that serum sclerostin levels are increased in diabetic patients and that sclerostin expression in alveolar bone is
Julia Kennedy-Darling et al.
Journal of proteome research, 13(8), 3810-3825 (2014-07-08)
DNA-protein interactions play critical roles in the control of genome expression and other fundamental processes. An essential element in understanding how these systems function is to identify their molecular components. We present here a novel strategy, Hybridization Capture of Chromatin
Tae-Jin Ju et al.
Journal of pharmacological sciences, 126(2), 115-125 (2014-10-25)
The present study examined whether hemin could prevent the development of high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance in the liver and skeletal muscle using a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp. A four-week high-fat feeding to mice increased the body weight, fat mass, and plasma levels
Ke Wang et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96894-e96894 (2014-05-14)
Diabetes exacerbates abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) accumulation in response to arterial wall injury. Vinpocetine has been shown to improve vascular remolding; however, little is known about the direct effects of vinpocetine on vascular complications mediated by diabetes. The
Marilyn G Wiebe et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(22), 9439-9447 (2015-08-13)
An open reading frame CC1225 from the Caulobacter crescentus CB15 genome sequence belongs to the Gfo/Idh/MocA protein family and has 47 % amino acid sequence identity with the glucose-fructose oxidoreductase from Zymomonas mobilis (Zm GFOR). We expressed the ORF CC1225
Jian Li et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(9), 1795-1802 (2015-05-28)
Biochemical production processes require water and nutrient resources for culture media preparation, but aqueous waste is generated after the target products are extracted. In this study, culture waste (including cells) produced from a lab-scale fermenter was fed into a microbial
Christophe Varin et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(27), 9900-9911 (2015-07-15)
Sleep-active neurons located in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) play a crucial role in the induction and maintenance of slow-wave sleep (SWS). However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms responsible for their activation at sleep onset remain poorly understood. Here, we
Zhongqi Fan et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 960357-960357 (2015-03-31)
The microbial cell wall plays a crucial role in biofilm formation and drug resistance. cspA encodes a repeat-rich glycophosphatidylinositol-anchored cell wall protein in the pathogenic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. To determine whether cspA has a significant impact on biofilm development and
Sally Yu Shi et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7415-7415 (2015-06-17)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been linked to a wide variety of pathologies, including obesity and diabetes, but ROS also act as endogenous signalling molecules, regulating numerous biological processes. DJ-1 is one of the most evolutionarily conserved proteins across species
Alison Ludzki et al.
Diabetes, 64(8), 2769-2779 (2015-04-08)
Mitochondrial ADP transport may represent a convergence point unifying two prominent working models for the development of insulin resistance, as reactive lipids (specifically palmitoyl-CoA [P-CoA]) can inhibit ADP transport and subsequently increase mitochondrial reactive oxygen species emissions. In the current
Jennifer Oberle et al.
Fungal biology, 119(11), 1100-1114 (2015-10-16)
Twenty distinct fungal isolates were analysed using three methods of sample preparation for FTIR spectroscopy and FTIR-ATR microspectroscopy to test for differences in surface chemical composition between living and dried fungal samples, as well as differences between surface chemistry and
Yueqiang Liu et al.
Journal of pharmacological sciences, 126(2), 107-114 (2014-09-19)
Safflower yellow (SY) has been widely used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of ischemic cardiocerebrovascular disease. Recent studies have indicated that SY has a reverse effect on vascular remodeling (VR). However, its detailed mechanisms require further study to provide
Philipp Malsch et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(30), 9845-9856 (2014-07-25)
Glycoprotein 130 (gp130) is the signal transducing receptor subunit for cytokines of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) family, and it is expressed in a multitude of cell types of the immune and nervous system. IL-6-like cytokines are not only key regulators of
Andrea Hetzel et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 39(9), 2114-2130 (2014-03-13)
Severe and repeated stress has damaging effects on health, including initiation of depression and anxiety. Stress that occurs during development has long-lasting and particularly damaging effects on emotion. The basolateral amygdala (BLA) plays a key role in many affective behaviors
Manuel Happe et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 435-443 (2015-11-01)
Phosphate remobilization from digested sewage sludge containing iron phosphate was scaled-up in a microbial fuel cell (MFC). A 3litre triple chambered MFC was constructed. This reactor was operated as a microbial fuel cell and later as a microbial electrolysis cell
Hye Young Jung et al.
Journal of biomedical nanotechnology, 9(5), 901-906 (2013-06-28)
An enzyme stimulated deposition of prussian blue onto the gold-coated magnetic microparticles is described. We propose to synthesize the continuous outer gold layer on the magnetic particle for a gold working electrode and its superparamagnetic property. In-depth characterization of the
Nancy T Liu et al.
Journal of food protection, 78(1), 121-127 (2015-01-13)
Biofilm-forming bacteria resident to food processing facilities are a food safety concern due to the potential of biofilms to harbor foodborne bacterial pathogens. When cultured together, Ralstonia insidiosa, a strong biofilm former frequently isolated from produce processing environments, has been
Sujatha Kandasamy et al.
Brazilian journal of microbiology : [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology], 46(3), 659-666 (2015-09-29)
Ten bacterial strains that utilize cyanide (CN) as a nitrogen source were isolated from cassava factory wastewater after enrichment in a liquid media containing sodium cyanide (1 mM) and glucose (0.2% w/v). The strains could tolerate and grow in cyanide
V A Gault et al.
Acta diabetologica, 52(3), 461-471 (2014-11-07)
Xenin-25 is co-secreted with glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) from intestinal K-cells following a meal. Xenin-25 is believed to play a key role in glucose homoeostasis and potentiate the insulinotropic effect of GIP. This study investigated the effects of sub-chronic administration
Hailey B Lefkofsky et al.
Mutation research, 776, 9-15 (2015-08-11)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER) removes DNA helix-distorting lesions induced by UV light and various chemotherapeutic agents such as cisplatin. These lesions efficiently block the elongation of transcription and need to be rapidly removed by transcription-coupled NER (TC-NER) to avoid the
Norisuke Shibuya et al.
Oncology, 88(5), 309-319 (2015-01-17)
Glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) are preferentially activated in cancer cells. Accumulating evidence indicated the significance of the altered glucose metabolism in cancer, but the implication for oncotherapy remains unclear. Here we report that the synthesis of glycolytic
Adriana Sierra Assencio Almeida Barbosa et al.
Mycoses, 58(9), 522-530 (2015-07-15)
There are no studies investigating the role of nutritional status and immunity associated with Jorge Lobo's disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of protein-calorie malnutrition on the immune response of BALB/c mice inoculated with Lacazia
Dayana Rodriguez-Contreras et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(1), 11-24 (2014-10-11)
In Leishmania mexicana parasites, a unique glucose transporter, LmxGT1, is selectively targeted to the flagellar membrane, suggesting a possible sensory role that is often associated with ciliary membrane proteins. Expression of LmxGT1 is down-regulated ∼20-fold by increasing cell density but
Dimitrios Moustakas et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123310-e0123310 (2015-04-17)
The stimulant effect of energy drinks is primarily attributed to the caffeine they contain. Many energy drinks also contain other ingredients that might enhance the tonic effects of these caffeinated beverages. One of these additives is guarana. Guarana is a
Cecile Vernochet et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 29(17), 4714-4728 (2009-07-01)
White adipose tissue (WAT) stores energy in the form of triglycerides, whereas brown tissue (BAT) expends energy, primarily by oxidizing lipids. WAT also secretes many cytokines and acute-phase proteins that contribute to insulin resistance in obese subjects. In this study
Page 1 of 64
Page 1 of 64