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Qingxia Yuan et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 128, 52-62 (2015-05-26)
Extraction optimization, characterization and antioxidant activity in vitro of polysaccharides from mulberry leaves (MLP) were investigated in the present study. The optimal extraction conditions with an extraction yield of 10.0 ± 0.5% for MLP were determined as follows: extraction temperature
Yanhua Yao et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(1), e1004968-e1004968 (2015-01-30)
Elevated proteasome activity extends lifespan in model organisms such as yeast, worms and flies. This pro-longevity effect might be mediated by improved protein homeostasis, as this protease is an integral module of the protein homeostasis network. Proteasomes also regulate cellular
Cecilia Guerrero et al.
Journal of biotechnology, 209, 31-40 (2015-06-17)
Lactulose and galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are well recognized prebiotics derived from lactose. In the synthesis of lactulose with β-galactosidases GOS are also produced, but the ratio of lactulose and GOS in the product can be tuned at will, depending on the
Yanmei Zou et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(7), 5179-5186 (2015-02-06)
In the present study, we investigated the effects and action mechanisms of a purified polysaccharide (APWP) from Andrographis paniculata, on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. The results showed that APWP was able to suppress the proliferation of HepG2 cells
Namon Hirun et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(2), 194-200 (2013-11-16)
Tamarind seed xyloglucan (TSX) is generally used for drug delivery systems. Gallic acid (GA) possesses various pharmacological activities. It has a good solubility and bioavailability but short half-life. To prepare a sustained-release of GA to overcome its relatively short half-life.
Hye-Jin Lee et al.
Bioresource technology, 191, 445-451 (2015-03-26)
The aim of this work was to apply the evolutionary engineering to construct a mutant Saccharomyces cerevisiae HJ7-14 resistant on 2-deoxy-D-glucose and with an enhanced ability of bioethanol production from galactose, a mono-sugar in red algae. In batch and repeated-batch
Lin Li et al.
Aging, 11(21), 9348-9368 (2019-11-13)
Gut dysbiosis and oxidative stress may trigger senile osteoporosis. Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL) has bone-preserving properties and affects the intestinal microecology. However, the mechanism of the anti-osteoporotic effect of FLL and its link to the gut microbiota remains to be
Klaus Lehnert et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 8484-8484 (2015-02-27)
Selective breeding has strongly reduced the genetic diversity in livestock species, and contemporary breeding practices exclude potentially beneficial rare genetic variation from the future gene pool. Here we test whether important traits arising by new mutations can be identified and
Konstantinos Karakostis et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17665-17665 (2015-12-08)
Galectin family members specifically bind beta-galactoside derivatives and are involved in different cellular events, including cell communication, signalling, apoptosis, and immune responses. Here, we report a tandem-repeat type galectin from the Paracentrotus lividus sea urchin embryo, referred to as Pl-GAL-8.
Kevin Axelrod et al.
eLife, 4 (2015-08-25)
Microorganisms often exhibit a history-dependent phenotypic response after exposure to a stimulus which can be imperative for proper function. However, cells frequently experience unexpected environmental perturbations that might induce phenotypic switching. How cells maintain phenotypic states in the face of
Susana M Cerritelli et al.
Nucleic acids research, 48(8), 4274-4297 (2020-03-19)
Cellular levels of ribonucleoside triphosphates (rNTPs) are much higher than those of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs), thereby influencing the frequency of incorporation of ribonucleoside monophosphates (rNMPs) by DNA polymerases (Pol) into DNA. RNase H2-initiated ribonucleotide excision repair (RER) efficiently removes single
Richard Que et al.
Biomacromolecules, 15(10), 3540-3549 (2014-08-22)
Collagen is the most abundant protein in extracellular matrices and is commonly used as a tissue engineering scaffold. However, collagen and other biopolymers from native sources can exhibit limitations when tuning mechanical and biological properties. Cysteines do not naturally occur
Xiaobei Li et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 358-364 (2014-07-24)
The aim of this research was to study effects of drying methods on the tasty compounds of Pleurotus eryngii, a common commercial edible fungus. In order to maximally maintain the taste of P. eryngii, several different drying methods, including hot
Evgenia Karousou et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(6), 7959-7980 (2014-06-14)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) due to their hydrophilic character and high anionic charge densities play important roles in various (patho)physiological processes. The identification and quantification of GAGs in biological samples and tissues could be useful prognostic and diagnostic tools in pathological conditions.
Yingyu Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 127, 215-221 (2015-05-13)
In this study, one polysaccharide (GFP1), with an average molecular weight of 1.4 × 10(5)Da, was isolated from Ginseng fruits. GFP1 was composed of galactose, glucose, rhamnose, and arabinose in a molar ratio of 6.1:2.0:1.1:3.2, and had a backbone mainly
Inn Shi Tan et al.
Bioresource technology, 199, 336-346 (2015-08-19)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of red macroalgae Eucheuma cottonii (EC) as feedstock for third-generation bioethanol production. Dowex (TM) Dr-G8 was explored as a potential solid catalyst to hydrolyzed carbohydrates from EC or macroalgae extract
Zhen-Bin Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 109, 49-55 (2014-05-13)
Three partially purified polysaccharides were extracted from Phellinus linteus mycelia using hot water, 1% (NH4)2C2O4, and 1.25M NaOH/0.05% NaBH4, and the extracts were named PL-W, PL-A, and, PL-N respectively. PL-N mainly comprised xylose and arabinose with a high molecular weight
Radka Tušková et al.
Behavioural brain research, 284, 257-264 (2015-02-24)
The aim of study was to search for new biomarkers with a magnetic resonance technique to identify the early stages of dementia, induced by D-galactose, and evaluate Simvastatin therapy. Localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements showed a significant decrease in
Shuangquan Yao et al.
Bioresource technology, 185, 21-27 (2015-03-10)
To reduce the degradation of cellulose and obtain high molecular weight of hemicellulose from the extracts, pH pre-corrected hot water pretreatment was developed by employing sodium hydroxide (3.9mol/L). The response surface model was established to optimize the extraction process. The
Jennifer L Hoeflinger et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135494-e0135494 (2015-08-15)
Recently, prebiotic supplementation of infant formula has become common practice; however the impact on the intestinal microbiota has not been completely elucidated. In this study, neonatal piglets were randomized to: formula (FORM, n = 8), formula supplemented with 2 g/L
Mark S Lowenthal et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(18), 5453-5462 (2015-05-01)
Chromatographic separation of monosaccharides hydrolyzed from glycoconjugates or complex, aggregate biomaterials, can be achieved by classic analytical methods without a need for derivatizing the monosaccharide subunits. A simple and sensitive method is presented for characterizing underivatized monosaccharides following hydrolysis from
Javier Sánchez-Martín et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 38(7), 1434-1452 (2014-12-24)
Although a wealth of information is available on the induction of one or several drought-related responses in different species, little is known of how their timing, modulation and crucially integration influence drought tolerance. Based upon metabolomic changes in oat (Avena
Paolo Ferrari et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(8), 3972-3985 (2015-04-08)
Transcription in eukaryotes is associated with two major changes in chromatin organization. Firstly, nucleosomal histones are continuously replaced by new histones, an event that in yeast occurs predominantly at transcriptionally active promoters. Secondly, histones become modified post-translationally at specific lysine
Helena Osterholz et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7422-7422 (2015-06-19)
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the oceans constitutes a major carbon pool involved in global biogeochemical cycles. More than 96% of the marine DOM resists microbial degradation for thousands of years. The composition of this refractory DOM (RDOM) exhibits a
Hong Zhang et al.
Steroids, 89, 1-10 (2014-07-22)
Six new spirostane glycosides (1-6), named polygodosides A-F, one new furostanol glycoside, polygodoside G (7), one new cholestane glycoside, polygodoside H (8), and one new steroidal sapogenin, polygodosin A (9), together with thirteen known compounds (10-22) were isolated from a
Lisa Solieri et al.
Food microbiology, 51, 108-116 (2015-07-19)
This study aimed at evaluating non-starter lactobacilli (NSLAB) isolated from cheeses for their proteolytic activity and capability to produce fermented milk enriched in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory and antioxidant peptides. Preliminarily, 34 NSLAB from Parmigiano Reggiano (PR) and 5 from Pecorino
Kathy Saraiva-Pava et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 21(21), 6526-6542 (2015-06-16)
To establish a cellular model correctly mimicking the gastric epithelium to overcome the limitation in the study of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Aiming to overcome this limitation, clones of the heterogenic cancer-derived NCI-N87 cell line were isolated, by stably-transducing
Jayant Nirmalkar et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(2), 1220-1231 (2014-08-19)
Organic molecular markers are important atmospheric constituents. Their formation and sources are important aspects of the study of urban and rural air quality. We collected PM10 aerosol samples from the Mahanadi Riverside Basin (MRB), a rural part of eastern central
Patricia Bonin et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(20), 15347-15359 (2015-01-07)
The impact of petroleum contamination and of burrowing macrofauna on abundances of Marinobacter and denitrifiers was tested in marine sediment mesocoms after 3 months incubation. Quantification of this genus by qPCR with a new primer set showed that the main
Fuqing Xu et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 753-760 (2015-11-18)
To select a proper inoculum for the solid state anaerobic digestion (SS-AD) of yard trimmings, digestate from solid anaerobic digesters and dewatered effluent from liquid anaerobic digesters were compared at substrate-to-inoculum (S/I) ratios from 0.2 to 2 (dry basis), and
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