Sustainable, environment-friendly, and clean energy sources with sufficiently high production efficiency for practical application are highly desirable to meet the energy challenge of the 21st century due to the world′s increasing energy demand.
Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) represent a low-cost, lightweight, and scalable alternative to conventional solar cells. While significant progress has been made in the development of conventional bulk heterojunction cells, new approaches are required to achieve the performance and stability necessary to
Metal-organic frameworks, a subset of coordination polymers, represent a powerful new tool for a plethora of alternative energy applications. MOFs are readily available using simple synthetic strategies that supply tailored, high surface area materials.
Since the demonstration of the first practical solar cell 60 years ago, research on novel materials, improved solar cell design and structure, and innovative manufacturing processes have all contributed to a continuous increase in the efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) devices.
Professor Sharma and colleagues review the synthesis and applications of this novel material. This includes a discussion of the unique properties of quantum dots and their suitability for solar cell applications, along with common synthesis techniques used to develop these
Since the first report of the low-cost dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) in 1991 by Gratzel and his coworker,1 dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) has been regarded as one of the most promising photovoltaic technologies because of their transparent and colorful characteristics
Spectral conversion for solar cells is an emerging concept in the field of photovoltaics, and it has the potential to increase significantly the efficiency of solar cells. Lanthanide ions are ideal candidates for spectral conversion, due to their high luminescence
Inorganic nanomaterials are tunable by size, shape, structure, and/or composition. Advances in the synthesis of well-defined nanomaterials have enabled control over their unique optical, electronic, and chemical properties stimulating tremendous interest across a wide range of disciplines. This article illuminates
Dye solar cells (DSCs) are third generation solar cells with the promise of high efficiency combined with low production costs. While present day DSCs provide light-to-electricity conversion of up to 11%, significant further improvement is envisaged through optimized materials and
Solution-processed organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs) have emerged as a promising clean energy generating technology due to their ease of fabrication, potential to enable low-cost manufacturing via printing or coating techniques, and ability to be incorporated onto light weight, flexible substrates.
The field of organic electronics has emerged as the next-generation technology potentially enabling ultra-thin, large-area, and/or flexible devices, consisting of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs), organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), and organic photovoltaics (OPVs).
The soaring global demand for energy, coupled with the limited supply of fossil fuels, has increased the need for renewable, low-cost energy sources. Organic electronics have shown great promise for applications in lighting, power, and circuitry, with rapidly improving performance
While dye sensitization as the basis for color photography has been accepted for a very long time,1 attempts to use this principle for the conversion of solar light to electricity generally had resulted only in very low photocurrents, below 100
Solar panels for homes and businesses have seen a rise in demand over the past few years as we move toward more environment-friendly and sustainable energy sources. In 2010, the average power from solar was just 5.0 GWh/d and
Highly extended polyacenes such as pentacene and naphthacene have been essential organic semiconductors for high-performance organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). Among the range of thienoacene-based organic semiconductors, materials with an internal thieno[3,2-b]thiophene substructure, such as DNTT and BTBT, have shown
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