Proteinase K (EC 188.8.131.52) activity can be measured spectrophotometrically using hemoglobin as the substrate. Proteinase K hydrolyzes hemoglobin denatured with urea, and liberates Folin-postive amino acids and peptides. One unit will hydrolyze hemoglobin to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmol
We are committed to help unlock the today’s challenge of releasing the energy of glucose that nature has cleverly locked into lignocellulosic biomass. To the untrained eye, starch and cellulose structures appear almost identical. Yet the barriers between cellulosic biomass
The hydrolysis of a minor membrane phospholipid, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) by a specific phospholipase C (PLC) is one of the earliest key events in the regulation of various cell functions by more than 100 extracellular signaling molecules.
Enzyme Reagent Coenzyme A (CoA, CoASH or HSCoA) is the key cofactor in first step of the TCA cycle, responsible for transferring the acetyl group from pyruvate oxidation to oxaloacetate yielding citrate. Available through Sigma-Aldrich online.
Application Index: Complement Proteins offered by Sigma-alderich online.The complement system is a complex cascade involving proteolytic cleavage of serum glycoproteins often activated by cell receptors. This cascade ultimately results in induction of the inflammatory response, phagocyte chemotaxis and opsonization, and
Heterotrimeric G proteins, comprising α, β and γ subunits, respond to extracellular signals generated by activated seven-transmembrane (7TM) receptors by modulating intracellular effector proteins such as enzymes and ion channels.
Fibrinogen is a ~340 kDa glycoprotein synthesised in the liver. It is a hexamer composed of pairs of three peptide chains (α, β, and γ). Fibrinogen is an acute phase protein that is part of the coagulation cascade of
In recent years, the biological processes involved in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) have become increasingly better understood. It is now recognized that a key role is played by BACE1 proteases that cleave amyloid precursor protein (APP) to produce
Firefly luciferase is a widely used bioluminescent reporter for studying gene regulation and function. It is a very sensitive genetic reporter due to the absence of endogenous luciferase activity in mammalian cells or tissues.
Peroxisome proliferator activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors that are related to retinoid, steroid and thyroid hormone receptors.
Decorin is a small proteoglycan, which has been found associated with collagen fibrils in all connective tissues. In the skeletal system it is found primarily in the extracellular matrix of articular cartilage, which covers the surface of adult bones in
Cholesterol undergoes esterification to improve transport. Cholesterol esters are more easily packaged into the interior of lipoproteins - increasing the quantity that can be readily transported in the blood stream.
Neurotensin is a 13 amino acid regulatory peptide found mainly in gut and brain. Intestinal neurotensin is produced by a discrete population of endocrine cells (N cells) scattered throughout the jejuno-ileal mucosa.
Phosphatidylcholine (PC)-specific phospholipase D (PLD) enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of PC to generate choline and phosphatidic acid. These enzymes belong to a superfamily of phosphatidyltransferases with a characteristic unique duplicated catalytic domain motif, the PLD or " HKD"