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Astrid Rohwedder et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 523(18), 2637-2664 (2015-08-04)
All organisms continuously have to adapt their behavior according to changes in the environment in order to survive. Experience-driven changes in behavior are usually mediated and maintained by modifications in signaling within defined brain circuits. Given the simplicity of the
Natasha Tasevska et al.
Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 23(12), 2874-2883 (2014-09-23)
Measurement error in self-reported sugars intake may be obscuring the association between sugars and cancer risk in nutritional epidemiologic studies. We used 24-hour urinary sucrose and fructose as a predictive biomarker for total sugars, to assess measurement error in self-reported
Anja Poehlein et al.
mBio, 6(5), e01168-e01115 (2015-09-10)
Clostridium aceticum was the first isolated autotrophic acetogen, converting CO2 plus H2 or syngas to acetate. Its genome has now been completely sequenced and consists of a 4.2-Mbp chromosome and a small circular plasmid of 5.7 kbp. Sequence analysis revealed
Luciane de Lira Teixeira et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(22), 5417-5427 (2015-05-21)
The grumixama (Eugenia brasiliensis Lam.), also known as Brazilian cherry, is a fruit native to Brazil. This study identified the flavonoids in the flesh and seeds and ellagitannin in the flesh of purple and yellow varieties. The physicochemical characteristics and
Su-Mi Kim et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 308(9), F993-F1003 (2015-02-05)
IL-1β-secreting nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes play a pivotal role in triggering innate immune responses in metabolic disease. We investigated the role of soluble uric acid in NLRP3 inflammasome activation in macrophages to demonstrate the effect of systemic
Yun Fa et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 1001, 169-173 (2015-08-19)
A capillary ion chromatography-mass spectrometry (MS) method was proposed to determine glucosylglycerol (GG), sucrose, and five other carbohydrates. MS conditions and make-up flow parameters were optimized. This method is accurate and sensitive for simultaneous analysis of carbohydrates, with mean correlation
Si Yin Tee et al.
Nanoscale, 7(25), 11190-11198 (2015-06-11)
Herein, we report a facile two-step approach to produce gold-incorporated copper (Cu/Au) nanostructures through controlled disproportionation of the Cu(+)-oleylamine complex at 220 °C to form copper nanowires and the subsequent reaction with Au(3+) at different temperatures of 140, 220 and
Amira M Abo-Youssef
Indian journal of pharmacology, 47(6), 620-626 (2016-01-06)
Quercetin exhibits a wide range of biological functions. The present study aimed to investigate the possible beneficial effects of rosiglitazone, quercetin as well as their combination on metabolic and biochemical changes associated with the fructose-induced metabolic syndrome (MS). Four groups
Amy A Boaro et al.
FEMS microbiology ecology, 90(3), 802-815 (2014-10-08)
Integrated 'omics have been used on pure cultures and co-cultures, yet they have not been applied to complex microbial communities to examine questions of perturbation response. In this study, we used integrated 'omics to measure the perturbation response of a
Riikka Juvonen et al.
International journal of food microbiology, 207, 109-118 (2015-05-24)
Fermentation with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) offers a natural means to modify technological and nutritional properties of foods and food ingredients. This study explored the impact of fermentation with different exopolysaccharide (EPS) producing LAB on rheological, chemical and sensory properties
Yu Wang et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(25), 5925-5931 (2014-05-27)
To evaluate the activity of botanicals used in Chinese Traditional Medicine as hypoglycemic agents for diabetes type II prevention and/or treatment, extracts prepared from 26 medicinal herbs were screened for their inhibitory activity on sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) by
Caroline C D Thai et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(5), 1573-1581 (2015-01-13)
Sugar cane biomass is one of the most viable feedstocks for the production of renewable fuels and chemicals. Therefore, processing the whole of crop (WC) (i.e., stalk and trash, instead of stalk only) will increase the amount of available biomass
Amara Aït-Aissa et al.
Journal of dairy science, 97(8), 4811-4823 (2014-06-17)
The aim of the present work was to study and develop an innovative, clean, and environmentally friendly process for lactulose synthesis by electroactivation of lactose. In this work, the electrode material (type 304 stainless steel, titanium, and copper), dimensionless interelectrode-membrane
Uroš Gašić et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(5), 1259-1267 (2015-04-24)
Composition of phenolic compounds and the sugar content were determined as the basis for characterization of lime honey from Serbia. Particular attention was given to differences in phytochemical profiles of ripe and unripe lime honey and lime tree nectar. Melissopalynological
Nai-Dong Chen et al.
International journal of analytical chemistry, 2015, 713410-713410 (2015-11-06)
GC-MS method combined with FTIR techniques by the analysis of polysaccharide was applied to evaluate the similarity between wild (W) and tissue-cultured (TC) Dendrobium huoshanense (DHS), Dendrobium officinale (DO), and Dendrobium moniliforme (DM) as well as 3 wild Dendrobium spp.:
Kristoffer Krogerus et al.
Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology, 42(5), 769-778 (2015-02-16)
The interspecific hybrid Saccharomyces pastorianus is the most commonly used yeast in brewery fermentations worldwide. Here, we generated de novo lager yeast hybrids by mating a domesticated and strongly flocculent Saccharomyces cerevisiae ale strain with the Saccharomyces eubayanus type strain.
Carlos Sabater et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 6-11 (2015-10-17)
Since breastfeeding is not always possible, infant formulas (IFs) are supplemented with prebiotic oligosaccharides, such as galactooligosaccharides (GOS) and/or fructooligosaccharides (FOS) to exert similar effects to those of the breast milk. Nowadays, a great number of infant formulas enriched with
Xiaowen Sun et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 69, 12-19 (2014-05-27)
Six polysaccharide fractions (Coriolus versicolor polysaccharides: CVPS-1, CVPS-2, CVPS-3, CVPS-4, CVPS-5 and CVPS-6) were isolated and purified from the fruiting bodies of C. versicolor by ion exchange chromatography and gel chromatography. Their chemical and physical characteristics were determined by chemical
A E Oltman et al.
Journal of food science, 80(6), S1383-S1390 (2015-05-07)
This study identified key attributes of protein beverages and evaluated effects of priming on liking of protein beverages. An adaptive choice-based conjoint study was conducted along with Kano analysis to gain insight on protein beverage consumers (n = 432). Attributes
Hongxia Ai et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 129, 35-43 (2015-06-09)
Welan gum production by Alcaligenes sp. ATCC31555 from cane molasses was studied in batch fermentation to reduce production costs and enhance gum production. The pretreatment of cane molasses, agitation speed and the addition of supplements were investigated to optimize the
Ana I Ruiz-Matute et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(12), 2424-2430 (2014-10-22)
α-Dicarbonyl compounds (α-DCs) such as 3-deoxyglucosone (3-DG) and glucosone are markers of both Maillard and degradation reactions of sugars and also of certain enzymatic processes. However, quantitation of these compounds is not straightforward when more abundant carbohydrates are present in
Li Zhang et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 21(26), 9343-9348 (2015-06-03)
Noncovalent and multifunctional hybrids have been generated via π-π stacking and electrostatic interactions by combining the nanometer-scale graphene structure of graphene quantum dots (GQDs) with Fe(III) 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphine (FeTMPyP). The inner filter effect (IFE) of FeTMPyP on the GQDs results in
Jason M Whitham et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(24), 8379-8391 (2015-10-04)
Clostridium ljungdahlii is an important synthesis gas-fermenting bacterium used in the biofuels industry, and a preliminary investigation showed that it has some tolerance to oxygen when cultured in rich mixotrophic medium. Batch cultures not only continue to grow and consume
Feiyu Fan et al.
Biotechnology for biofuels, 8, 66-66 (2015-04-18)
Lignocellulolytic fungal cells suffer endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress during lignocellulase synthesis; however, an understanding of this integrated process on a genome-wide scale remains poor. Here, we undertook a systematic investigation of this process in Neurospora crassa (N. crassa) using transcriptomic
Daniel J Wichelecki et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(48), 28963-28976 (2015-10-17)
Innovations in the discovery of the functions of uncharacterized proteins/enzymes have become increasingly important as advances in sequencing technology flood protein databases with an exponentially growing number of open reading frames. This study documents one such innovation developed by the
Yuan Yao et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117049-e0117049 (2015-02-24)
To explore lint fiber initiation-related proteins in allotetraploid cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), a comparative proteomic analysis was performed between wild-type cotton (Xu-142) and its fuzzless-lintless mutant (Xu-142-fl) at five developmental time points for lint fiber initiation from -3 to +3
Fang Yuan et al.
Life sciences, 121, 40-45 (2014-12-06)
High-fructose intake induces nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIHH) has beneficial effects on the body. We hypothesized that CIHH has protective effects on the impaired hepar in fructose-fed rats. Sprague-Dawley rats (male, 160-180 g) were
Jin Han et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 112, 556-562 (2014-08-19)
The characteristics of the growth of Leuconostoc mesenteroides BD1710 and the synthesis of dextran in tomato juice supplemented with 15% sucrose were assayed. L. mesenteroides BD1710 could synthesize approximately 32 g L(-1) dextran in the tomato-juice-sucrose medium when cultured at
Takahiro Higuchi et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 116(4), 609-617 (2014-11-13)
It has been shown that the treatment of mammalian cells with sucrose leads to vacuole accumulation associated with lysosomes and upregulation of lysosomal enzyme expression and activity. Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved homeostatic process by which cells deliver cytoplasmic material
Tian-Bo Zhang et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 1-8 (2014-09-16)
Shuang-Huang-Lian oral liquid (SHL) is a well-known Chinese patent drug containing three herbal medicines: Radix Scutellariae, Flos Lonicerae Japonicae and Fructus Forsythiae. It is usually used to treat acute upper respiratory tract infection caused by virus or bacteria. Although the
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