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Hananeh Fonoudi et al.
Stem cells translational medicine, 4(12), 1482-1494 (2015-10-30)
Recent advances in the generation of cardiomyocytes (CMs) from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), in conjunction with the promising outcomes from preclinical and clinical studies, have raised new hopes for cardiac cell therapy. We report the development of a scalable
Prabhu Thirusangu et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 125, 26-40 (2016-11-14)
Hypoxia is an important module in all solid tumours to promote angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis. Stabilization and subsequent nuclear localization of HIF-1α subunits result in the activation of tumour promoting target genes such as VEGF, MMPs, Flt-1, Ang-1 etc. which
Pavan Kumar Dhanyamraju et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 14(3), 727-739 (2015-01-02)
Uncontrolled Hedgehog (Hh) signaling is the cause of several malignancies, including the pediatric cancer medulloblastoma, a neuroectodermal tumor affecting the cerebellum. Despite the development of potent Hh pathway antagonists, medulloblastoma drug resistance is still an unresolved issue that requires the
Lei Chang et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 49(4), 1289-1303 (2018-09-12)
The long noncoding RNA homeobox (HOX) transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) has been demonstrated to be a vital modulator in the proliferation and metastasis of ovarian cancer cells, but its potential molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. In the current
Ievgenia Pastushenko et al.
Nature, 556(7702), 463-468 (2018-04-20)
In cancer, the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with tumour stemness, metastasis and resistance to therapy. It has recently been proposed that, rather than being a binary process, EMT occurs through distinct intermediate states. However, there is no direct in
Anahita Soltanian et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 234(6), 9564-9576 (2018-10-27)
Organoids can be regarded as a beneficial tool for discovery of new therapeutics for diabetes and/or maturation of pancreatic progenitors (PP) towards β cells. Here, we devised a strategy to enhance maturation of PP by assembly of three-dimensional (3D) pancreatic
Fahimeh Varzideh et al.
Biomaterials, 192, 537-550 (2018-12-12)
Human cardiomyocytes (CM) differentiated from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) are relatively immature when generated in two-dimensional (2D) in vitro cultures, which limits their biomedical applications. Here, we devised a strategy to enhance maturation of human CM in vitro by assembly
Somadri Ghosh et al.
Journal of cell science, 131(16) (2018-07-18)
Metastasis of breast cancer cells to distant organs is responsible for ∼50% of breast cancer-related deaths in women worldwide. SHIP2 (also known as INPPL1) is a phosphoinositide 5-phosphatase for phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate [PI(3,4,5)P3] and phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2]. Here we show, through
Hynda K Kleinman et al.
Seminars in cancer biology, 15(5), 378-386 (2005-06-25)
The basement membrane extracellular matrix contacts epithelial, endothelial, fat and smooth muscle cells. Because this extracellular matrix is so thin, it had been hard to study its composition, structure, and function. An extract of a tumor was found to contain
Jing Zhou et al.
Autophagy, 11(8), 1259-1279 (2015-06-27)
Autophagy inhibition has been widely accepted as a promising therapeutic strategy in cancer, while the lack of effective and specific autophagy inhibitors hinders its application. Here we found that liensinine, a major isoquinoline alkaloid, inhibits late-stage autophagy/mitophagy through blocking autophagosome-lysosome
Zhen Xu et al.
Pharmacological research, 152, 104628-104628 (2020-01-07)
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are more aggressive due to lacking receptors for hormone therapy and maintaining stemness features in cancer cells. Herein we found long non-coding RNA CCAT2 overexpressed specially in TNBC, and in breast cancer stem cells (BCSC) as
Luisa Zupin et al.
Journal of biophotonics, 12(10), e201900043-e201900043 (2019-06-21)
Laser therapy, also known as Photobiomodulation (PBM) is indicated to reduce pain associated with different pathologies and applied using protocols that vary in wavelength, irradiance and fluence. Its mechanisms of action are still unclear and possibly able to directly impact
Yuying Li et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 2725-2725 (2020-06-03)
The functional study of lncRNAs in skeletal muscle satellite cells (SCs) remains at the infancy stage. Here we identify SAM (Sugt1 asssociated muscle) lncRNA that is enriched in the proliferating myoblasts. Global deletion of SAM has no overt effect on
Niloofar Khoshdel-Rad et al.
Stem cells and development, 30(8), 428-440 (2021-04-01)
Directed differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) uses a growing number of small molecules and growth factors required for in vitro generation of renal lineage cells. Although current protocols are relatively inefficient or expensive. The first objective of the
Eva Lichtenegger et al.
Human gene therapy, 30(1), 44-56 (2018-06-20)
Muscle-invasive bladder cancer represents approximately 25% of diagnosed bladder cancer cases and carries a significant risk of death. Oncolytic viruses are novel antitumor agents with the ability to selectively replicate and lyse tumor cells while sparing healthy tissue. We explored
Wing Yin Tong et al.
Journal of nanobiotechnology, 16(1), 38-38 (2018-04-15)
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) overexpression plays a major role in chemoresistance in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) contributing to its notorious deadly nature. Although MRP1-siRNA transfection to GBM in vitro has been shown to sensitise the cells to drug, MRP1 silencing
Ana M Hernández-Vega et al.
Cells, 9(9) (2020-08-23)
The mesenchymal phenotype of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most frequent and malignant brain tumor, is associated with the worst prognosis. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cell plasticity mechanism involved in GBM malignancy. In this study, we determined 17β-estradiol (E2)-induced
Rajini Nagaraj et al.
Nanomaterials (Basel, Switzerland), 10(3) (2020-04-03)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR), Retinopathy of Pre-maturity (ROP), and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) are multifactorial manifestations associated with abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. These three diseases account for 5% of the total blindness and vision impairment in the
Reza Nadafi et al.
Cell reports, 30(12), 4110-4123 (2020-03-27)
Within lymph nodes (LNs), T follicular helper (TFH) cells help B cells to produce antibodies, which can either be protective or autoreactive. Here, we demonstrate that murine LN stromal cells (LNSCs) suppress the formation of autoreactive TFH cells in an
Yi Zheng et al.
Cell death & disease, 9(6), 656-656 (2018-05-31)
The effects of MC-3129, a synthetic cyclohexene derivative, on cell viability and apoptosis have been investigated in human leukemia cells. Exposure of leukemia cells to MC-3129 led to the inhibition of cell viability and induction of apoptosis through the dephosphorylation
Lutian Yao et al.
Cytokine, 89, 194-200 (2016-02-13)
Pancreatic cancer is characterized as inflammatory malignancy with a dismal prognosis. There is abundant intratumoral infiltration of macrophages, and most of these tumor associated macrophages (TAM) are induced to be M2 phenotype. The M2 polarized TAM has been demonstrated to
Deivid C Rodrigues et al.
Cell reports, 30(12), 4179-4196 (2020-03-27)
Regulation of translation during human development is poorly understood, and its dysregulation is associated with Rett syndrome (RTT). To discover shifts in mRNA ribosomal engagement (RE) during human neurodevelopment, we use parallel translating ribosome affinity purification sequencing (TRAP-seq) and RNA
Bo Zou et al.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine, 17(5), 4089-4099 (2019-04-23)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most common types of malignant head and neck tumor, which poses a serious threat to human health. In recent years, the incidence of OSCC has been increasing, while the prognosis has
Eeva Kaisa Rajakylä et al.
Cell reports, 30(12), 4266-4280 (2020-03-27)
Defects in the maintenance of intercellular junctions are associated with loss of epithelial barrier function and consequent pathological conditions, including invasive cancers. Epithelial integrity is dependent on actomyosin bundles at adherens junctions, but the origin of these junctional bundles is
Nao Nishida-Aoki et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 25(1), 181-191 (2017-01-28)
Metastasis is the main cause of cancer mortality for many types of cancer; however, difficulties remain in effectively preventing metastasis. It has been recently and widely reported that cancer-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) contribute to cancer metastasis. Thus, therapeutic strategies targeting
Huan Li et al.
Journal of Cancer, 10(24), 6065-6073 (2019-11-26)
The present study was aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and its specific receptor tropomyosin receptor kinase C (TrkC) in the perineural invasion (PNI) process of the salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC). The co-cultured system between
Fatemeh Ganji et al.
Cell journal, 16(4), 426-439 (2015-02-17)
There is constant difficulty in obtaining adequate supplies of blood components, as well as disappointing performance of "universal" red blood cells. Advances in somatic cell reprogramming of human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have provided a valuable alternative source to differentiate
Tatyana Kuperman et al.
Biomechanics and modeling in mechanobiology, 19(5), 1629-1639 (2020-01-31)
The human uterus is composed of three layers: endometrium, myometrium and perimetrium. It remodels during the monthly menstrual cycle and more significantly during the complex stages of reproduction. In vivo studies of the human uterine wall are yet incomplete due
Zheyu Niu et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16067-16067 (2015-11-05)
Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is a member of the heat-shock protein 70 family. We evaluated the expression of GRP78 using tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry in tumor tissues and adjacent nontumor tissues from 180 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients. The associations between
Denisse Valladares et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular basis of disease, 1864(11), 3685-3695 (2018-09-27)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is characterized by a severe and progressive destruction of muscle fibers associated with altered Ca2+ homeostasis. We have previously shown that the IP3 receptor (IP3R) plays a role in elevating basal cytoplasmic Ca2+ and that pharmacological
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