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Ye-Jin Hwang et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 27(31), 4578-4584 (2015-07-03)
By controlling the polymer/polymer blend self-organization rate, all-polymer solar cells composed of a high-mobility, crystalline, naphthalene diimide-selenophene copolymer acceptor and a benzodithiophene-thieno[3,4-b]thiophene copolymer donor are achieved with a record 7.7% power conversion efficiency and a record short-circuit current density (18.8
Jiyun Song et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 7(33), 18460-18466 (2015-08-05)
We report a unique nanostructured electron-selective interlayer comprising of In-doped ZnO (ZnO:In) and vertically aligned CdSe tetrapods (TPs) for inverted polymer:fullerene bulkheterojunction (BHJ) solar cells. With dimension-controlled CdSe TPs, the direct inorganic electron transport pathway is provided, resulting in the
Juliana J Moreira et al.
Journal of veterinary science, 16(1), 47-55 (2014-10-02)
This experimental controlled study was performed to evaluate the composition of autologous processed plasma (APP), and the effects of APP intra-articular injection into healthy equine metacarpophalangeal joints. The effects on joints were analysed with a short-phase protocol and a prolonged-phase
Jennifer Oberle et al.
Fungal biology, 119(11), 1100-1114 (2015-10-16)
Twenty distinct fungal isolates were analysed using three methods of sample preparation for FTIR spectroscopy and FTIR-ATR microspectroscopy to test for differences in surface chemical composition between living and dried fungal samples, as well as differences between surface chemistry and
Lee K Yong et al.
Journal of clinical microbiology, 53(9), 2816-2822 (2015-06-19)
Exophiala species are capable of causing cutaneous and subcutaneous infections in immunocompromised patients. An Exophiala isolate was cultured from a biopsy specimen of a lesion on the forearm of a patient with myasthenia gravis. The patient also had lesions on
Shingo Kobayashi et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1841(9), 1264-1271 (2014-05-17)
In eukaryotic cells, phospholipids are synthesized exclusively in the defined organelles specific for each phospholipid species. To explain the reason for this compartmental specificity in the case of phosphatidylcholine (PC) synthesis, we constructed and characterized a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain that
Ping He et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(7), 1981-1990 (2015-06-22)
Chorionic NAD-dependent 15-hydroxy prostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) plays a pivotal role in controlling the amount of prostaglandins in the uterus. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are implicated to be involved in parturition. In this study, we investigated whether PPARs are involved in
Anne Burgert et al.
Histochemistry and cell biology, 144(2), 123-131 (2015-07-04)
Single-molecule localization microscopy provides subdiffraction resolution images with virtually molecular resolution. Through the availability of commercial instruments and open-source reconstruction software, achieving super resolution is now public domain. However, despite its conceptual simplicity, localization microscopy remains prone to user errors.
E Halevas et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 147, 99-115 (2015-04-30)
Among the various roles of vanadium in the regulation of intracellular signaling, energy metabolism and insulin mimesis, its exogenous activity stands as a contemporary challenge currently under investigation and a goal to pursue as a metallodrug against Diabetes mellitus II.
Marzena Szwed et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 220, 140-148 (2014-07-08)
In our research we compared the effect of doxorubicin (DOX) and doxorubicin-transferrin (DOX-TRF) conjugate on the induction of programmed cell death. All experiments were carried out on human leukemia cells: CCRF-CEM, K562 sensitive and resistant to DOX, (K562/DOX), which are
Yongchao Zhao et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 90(2), 988-992 (2012-07-31)
A new guar gum derivative containing amino group was synthesized through nucleophilic substitution of p-toluenesulfonate activated hydroxypropyl guar gum with ethanolamine. For the preparation of p-toluenesulfonate esters hydroxypropyl guar gum, the results showed that the reaction rate was optimal at
Francis Y Kim et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 308(4), L368-L377 (2014-11-17)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) increases pulmonary vascular tone through direct effects on pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) via membrane-bound ET-1 receptors. Circulating ET-1 contributes to vascular remodeling by promoting SMC proliferation and migration and inhibiting SMC apoptosis. Although endothelial cells (EC)
E J Hammond et al.
Brain research, 583(1-2), 300-303 (1992-06-26)
An implanted stimulating device chronically stimulated the left cervical vagus nerve in epileptic patients. Cerebrospinal fluid concentrations of free and total gamma-aminobutyric acid, homovanillic acid, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, aspartate, glutamate, asparagine, serine, glutamine, glycine, phosphoethanolamine, taurine, alanine, tyrosine, ethanolamine, valine, phenylalanine
Julien Jorda et al.
PLoS computational biology, 11(2), e1004067-e1004067 (2015-02-04)
Bacterial microcompartments (MCPs) are protein-bound organelles that carry out diverse metabolic pathways in a wide range of bacteria. These supramolecular assemblies consist of a thin outer protein shell, reminiscent of a viral capsid, which encapsulates sequentially acting enzymes. The most
I S Mikhaevich et al.
Biomedical science, 2(6), 659-664 (1991-01-01)
The action of a new anticancer agent, the semisynthetic alkyl-phospholipid plasmanyl-(N-acyl)-ethanolamine (sPNAE), namely 1-O-octadecyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-(N-palmitoyl)-ethanolamine, on protein kinase C (PKC) was investigated, and it was found to inhibit in a dose-dependent manner PKC isolated from mouse brain. The inhibition was competitive
Christophe Marchand et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 13(8), 2116-2126 (2014-07-16)
Drug screening against novel targets is warranted to generate biochemical probes and new therapeutic drug leads. TDP1 and TDP2 are two DNA repair enzymes that have yet to be successfully targeted. TDP1 repairs topoisomerase I-, alkylation-, and chain terminator-induced DNA
S Engelborghs et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(8), 1145-1150 (2003-07-02)
To study changes in amino acid metabolism and biogenic amines in Parkinson's disease, we set up a prospective study and measured biogenic amines, their main metabolites, and 22 different amino acids, in cerebrospinal fluid of Parkinson's disease patients (n =
Xiaoning Yuan et al.
Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.), 67(1), 182-192 (2014-10-14)
To study the interactions between vascular endothelial cells and meniscal fibrochondrocytes from the inner avascular and outer vascular regions of the meniscus and to identify angiogenic factors that enhance cell migration and integrative repair. Bovine meniscal fibrochondrocytes (bMFCs) from the
Lionel Faure et al.
Phytochemistry, 110, 58-71 (2014-12-11)
Alkamides and N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are bioactive, amide-linked lipids that influence plant development. Alkamides are restricted to several families of higher plants and some fungi, whereas NAEs are widespread signaling molecules in both plants and animals. Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)
Deborah H Luzader et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 195(21), 4947-4953 (2013-09-03)
Ethanolamine (EA) metabolism is a trait associated with enteric pathogens, including enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC). EHEC causes severe bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome. EHEC encodes the ethanolamine utilization (eut) operon that allows EHEC to metabolize EA and gain
Pratheeba Yogendrarajah et al.
Food microbiology, 52, 185-196 (2015-09-05)
A liquid chromatography triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated to determine mycotoxins, produced by fungal isolates grown on malt extract agar (MEA). All twenty metabolites produced by different fungal species were extracted using acetonitrile/1% formic acid.
Angelo Antonio D'Archivio et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 109, 136-141 (2015-03-15)
Development of chromatographic analyses of synthetic cannabinoids is complicated by the lack of commercial reference standards, especially for new analogues introduced in the clandestine market to bypass legal controls and for their metabolites. In the present work, we explore the
Amy A Mrazek et al.
The Journal of surgical research, 196(1), 8-16 (2015-03-24)
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is characterized by recurrent pancreatic injury, resulting in inflammation, necrosis, and fibrosis. There are currently no drugs limiting pancreatic fibrosis associated with CP, and there is a definite need to fill this void in patient care. Pancreatitis
Cindy Leten et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 32(11), 2833-2844 (2014-08-22)
Adult stem cells have been investigated increasingly over the past years for multiple applications. Although they have a more favorable safety profile compared to pluripotent stem cells, they are still capable of self-renewal and differentiate into several cell types. We
Buyong Ma et al.
Growth factors (Chur, Switzerland), 32(6), 236-246 (2014-11-21)
EphB2 interacts with cell surface-bound ephrin ligands to relay bidirectional signals. Overexpression of the EphB2 receptor protein has been linked to different types of cancer. The SNEW (SNEWIQPRLPQH) peptide binds with high selectivity and moderate affinity to EphB2, inhibiting Eph-ephrin
Anthony J Donato et al.
Life sciences, 118(2), 238-243 (2014-01-15)
The role of vascular smooth muscle endothelin A receptors (ETA) in development and normal physiology remains incompletely understood. To address this, mice were generated with smooth muscle-specific knockout (KO) of ETA. Mice were homozygous for loxP-flanked exons 6-8 of the
Ashish Punia et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(10), 23867-23880 (2015-10-17)
Synthetic amphiphilic polymers have been established as potentially efficient agents to combat widespread deadly infections involving antibiotic resistant superbugs. Incorporation of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) side chains into amphiphilic copolymers can reduce their hemolytic activity while maintaining high antibacterial activity. Our
Wei Wang et al.
Microbes and infection, 16(6), 461-471 (2014-04-09)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 subtype CRF01_AE is one of the major HIV-1 subtypes that dominate the global epidemic. However, its drug resistance, associated mutations, and viral fitness have not been systemically studied, because available chimeric simian-HIVs (SHIVs) usually express the
S Guerrero et al.
The Analyst, 140(22), 7527-7533 (2015-08-11)
The first electrochemical immunosensor for the determination of peptide YY is reported in this paper. A novel electrochemical platform, prepared by the electrochemical grafting of the diazonium salt of 4-aminobenzoic acid onto a reduced graphene oxide-modified glassy carbon electrode, was
Päivi Lahti et al.
PloS one, 7(10), e46162-e46162 (2012-10-25)
Clostridium perfringens, one of the most common causes of food poisonings, can carry the enterotoxin gene, cpe, in its chromosome or on a plasmid. C. perfringens food poisonings are more frequently caused by the chromosomal cpe-carrying strains, while the plasmid-borne
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