Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 50 results for "


" within Papers
Sort by Relevance
Liqiang Han et al.
Journal of animal science and biotechnology, 11, 72-72 (2020-07-09)
Milk lipids originate from cytoplasmic lipid droplets (LD) that are synthesized and secreted from mammary epithelial cells by a unique membrane-envelopment process. Butyrophilin 1A1 (BTN1A1) is one of the membrane proteins that surrounds LD, but its role in bovine mammary
Naohiro Kon et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 3864-3864 (2017-06-22)
Mitochondria are involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Ca
F Henry et al.
Theriogenology, 83(8), 1373-1380 (2015-03-05)
From many endangered or threatened species which are expected to profit from assisted reproduction techniques, mainly epididymal sperm of dead or freshly castrated males are available. These sperm had contact to epididymal secretion products but not to seminal fluid components.
Katharina Wozny et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 411(4), 915-924 (2018-12-24)
Diacyl glycerophospholipids (GPs) belong to the most abundant lipid species in living organisms and consist of a glycerol backbone with fatty acyl groups in sn-1 and sn-2 and a polar head group in the sn-3 position. Regioisomeric mixed diacyl GPs
Anna Eskilsson et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 37(19), 5035-5044 (2017-04-26)
Fever occurs upon binding of prostaglandin E
Silvia Vega-Rubin-de-Celis et al.
Autophagy, 13(3), 464-472 (2017-01-06)
The master regulator of lysosome biogenesis, TFEB, is regulated by MTORC1 through phosphorylation at S211, and a S211A mutation increases nuclear localization. However, TFEBS211A localizes diffusely in both cytoplasm and nucleus and, as we show, retains regulation by MTORC1. Here
Xi Ma et al.
Autophagy, 13(3), 592-607 (2017-01-07)
NRBF2/Atg38 has been identified as the fifth subunit of the macroautophagic/autophagic class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PtdIns3K) complex, along with ATG14/Barkor, BECN1/Vps30, PIK3R4/p150/Vps15 and PIK3C3/Vps34. However, its functional mechanism and regulation are not fully understood. Here, we report that NRBF2 is
Erik C Gunther et al.
Cell reports, 26(1), 145-158 (2019-01-04)
Cellular prion protein (PrPC) binds the scrapie conformation of PrP (PrPSc) and oligomeric β-amyloid peptide (Aβo) to mediate transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), respectively. We conducted cellular and biochemical screens for compounds blocking PrPC interaction with Aβo.
Kimberly R Long et al.
Molecular biology of the cell, 28(19), 2508-2517 (2017-07-20)
Cells lining the proximal tubule (PT) have unique membrane specializations that are required to maintain the high-capacity ion transport and endocytic functions of this nephron segment. PT cells in vivo acutely regulate ion transport in response to changes in glomerular
Jessica Z Kubicek-Sutherland et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 6203-6203 (2019-04-19)
Bacteremia is a leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa where childhood mortality rates are the highest in the world. The early diagnosis of bacteremia and initiation of treatment saves lives, especially in high-disease burden areas. However, diagnosing bacteremia is
Marianne R Spalinger et al.
Autophagy, 13(9), 1590-1601 (2017-08-09)
A variant within the gene locus encoding PTPN22 (protein tyrosine phosphatase, non-receptor type 22) emerged as an important risk factor for auto-inflammatory disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and type 1 diabetes, but at the same time protects from
Oliver Schneider et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 25(9-10), 786-798 (2019-04-11)
With the ultimate goal in tissue engineering of approaching in vivo functionality as closely as possible, organ-on-a-chip (OoC) systems provide unprecedented game-changing opportunities by enabling creation of perfused three-dimensional tissues. Most of the recently developed OoC systems, however, require complex
Joo Sang Lee et al.
Cell, 174(6), 1559-1570 (2018-08-14)
The urea cycle (UC) is the main pathway by which mammals dispose of waste nitrogen. We find that specific alterations in the expression of most UC enzymes occur in many tumors, leading to a general metabolic hallmark termed "UC dysregulation"
Bernd Zetsche et al.
Cell, 163(3), 759-771 (2015-10-01)
The microbial adaptive immune system CRISPR mediates defense against foreign genetic elements through two classes of RNA-guided nuclease effectors. Class 1 effectors utilize multi-protein complexes, whereas class 2 effectors rely on single-component effector proteins such as the well-characterized Cas9. Here
Andrea Schampel et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(16), E3295-E3304 (2017-04-07)
Despite continuous interest in multiple sclerosis (MS) research, there is still a lack of neuroprotective strategies, because the main focus has remained on modulating the immune response. Here we performed in-depth analysis of neurodegeneration in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and
Keita Hoshino et al.
In vitro cellular & developmental biology. Animal, 51(7), 672-679 (2015-03-13)
Armigeres subalbatus (Coquillett) is a medically important mosquito and a model species for immunology research. We successfully established two cell lines from the neonate larvae of A. subalbatus using two different media. To our knowledge, this is the first report
Michele Russo et al.
European journal of heart failure, 21(4), 519-528 (2019-03-08)
Butyric acid (BUT), a short chain fatty acid produced daily by the gut microbiota, has proven beneficial in models of cardiovascular diseases. With advancements in cancer survival, an increasing number of patients are at risk of anticancer drug cardiotoxicity. Here
Christinna V Jørgensen et al.
Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods, 97, 59-66 (2019-04-05)
Adipose tissues release adipokines, which regulate energy intake and expenditure. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and associated signaling pathways in adipocytes are potentially important drug targets for conditions with disturbed energy metabolism. The aim of the current study was to compare
Elisabeth Müller et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 8, 1383-1383 (2017-11-11)
Tumor-associated macrophages may either promote or suppress tumor growth depending on their activation status. Interferon-γ (IFN-γ) has been identified as a key factor for inducing tumoricidal M1 phenotype in macrophages. However, it remains unclear whether IFN-γ is sufficient or if
F M J Mingramm et al.
General and comparative endocrinology, 274, 37-49 (2019-01-04)
Blubber and respiratory vapour ('blow') are now commonly used for endocrine studies on cetaceans, primarily because they can be obtained using minimally invasive methods. For many species, these samples have yet to be validated for these purposes. The objective of
Zhiwei Kong et al.
Frontiers in veterinary science, 8, 764135-764135 (2021-11-02)
Hypoxia exposure can cause a series of physiological and biochemical reactions in the organism and cells. Our previous studies found the milk fat rate increased significantly in hypoxic dairy cows, however, its specific metabolic mechanism is unclear. In this experiment
Shireen Mentor et al.
Current neurovascular research, 14(1), 71-81 (2016-11-30)
Oxidative stress in the brain microvasculature is a common characteristic in models of cerebrovascular disease. Considering the effects of reactive oxygen species activity in vascular-derived insults, it is naturally prudent to hypothesize those interventions inhibiting reactive oxygen species activity, such
Ido Sagi et al.
Cell stem cell, 25(3), 419-432 (2019-09-07)
Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic mechanism that results in parent-of-origin monoallelic expression of specific genes, which precludes uniparental development and underlies various diseases. Here, we explored molecular and developmental aspects of imprinting in humans by generating exclusively paternal human androgenetic
Evaluation of an alkali-treated and hydroxyapatite-coated orthopedic implant loaded with tobramycin.
Oscar Janson et al.
Journal of biomaterials applications, 34(5), 699-720 (2019-08-14)
Oscar Janson et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 96, 272-279 (2019-01-05)
Bacterial infections associated with metal implants are severe problems affecting a considerable amount of people with dental or orthopedic implants. This study aims to examine the antibacterial effect of a Titanium-peroxy gel layer on the modified surface of commercially pure
Johannes Thoma et al.
Structure (London, England : 1993), 26(7), 987-996 (2018-06-05)
The core component BamA of the β barrel assembly machinery (BAM) adopts several conformations, which are thought to facilitate the insertion and folding of β barrel proteins into the bacterial outer membrane. Which factors alter the stability of these conformations
JiYong Lee et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 94, 11-19 (2015-05-06)
Thermal drawing is a versatile rapid prototyping method that can freely form microneedle (MN) structures with ultra-high aspect ratio without relying on any complex and expensive process. However, it is still challenging to repeatedly produce MNs with identical shapes using
Manuel Toledano et al.
Microscopy and microanalysis : the official journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada, 22(5), 1034-1046 (2016-10-28)
The aim of this research was to assess the ability of amalgam restorations to induce amorphous mineral precipitation at the caries-affected dentin substrate. Sound and caries-affected dentin surfaces were subjected to both Zn-free and Zn-containing dental amalgam restorations. Specimens were
Margarita C Dinamarca et al.
Nature communications, 10(1), 1331-1331 (2019-03-25)
GABAB receptors (GBRs) are key regulators of synaptic release but little is known about trafficking mechanisms that control their presynaptic abundance. We now show that sequence-related epitopes in APP, AJAP-1 and PIANP bind with nanomolar affinities to the N-terminal sushi-domain
Bano Subia et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 140, 91-99 (2019-05-16)
Nucleic acid delivery to the eye is a promising treatment strategy for many retinal disorders. In this manuscript, retinal gene delivery with non-coated and chondroitin sulphate (CS) coated amphipathic and cationic peptides was tested. The transfection and gene knockdown efficiencies
Page 1 of 2
Page 1 of 2