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Yuki Fujimichi et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98154-e98154 (2014-05-21)
Over the past century, ionizing radiation has been known to induce cataracts in the crystalline lens of the eye, but its mechanistic underpinnings remain incompletely understood. This study is the first to report the clonogenic survival of irradiated primary normal
Manal M Fardoun et al.
Vascular pharmacology, 131, 106690-106690 (2020-05-15)
Cutaneous cold-induced vasoconstriction is a normal physiological reaction mediated by alpha 2C-adrenergic receptors (α2C-ARs) expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). When this reaction is exaggerated, Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) ensues. RP is more prevalent in females compared to age-matched men.
Andrii Bugai et al.
Molecular cell, 74(2), 254-267 (2019-03-03)
DNA damage response (DDR) involves dramatic transcriptional alterations, the mechanisms of which remain ill defined. Here, we show that following genotoxic stress, the RNA-binding motif protein 7 (RBM7) stimulates RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription and promotes cell viability by
Irene Cervelló et al.
PloS one, 6(6), e21221-e21221 (2011-06-30)
Endometrial regeneration is mediated, at least in part, by the existence of a specialized somatic stem cell (SSC) population recently identified by several groups using the side population (SP) technique. We previously demonstrated that endometrial SP displays genotypic, phenotypic and
Iago Méndez-López et al.
Journal of hypertension, 35(8), 1594-1608 (2017-04-14)
It has been suggested that Ca entry through store-operated Ca channels (SOCs) is regulated by a dynamic interplay between the endoplasmic reticulum Ca stores and the mitochondria. These relationships drive the activation and inactivation of SOCs, yet it remains unclear
Ricardo Cruz-Acuña et al.
Journal of cell science, 132(20) (2019-09-29)
Synthetic hydrogels with controlled physicochemical matrix properties serve as powerful in vitro tools to dissect cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions that regulate epithelial morphogenesis in 3D microenvironments. In addition, these fully defined matrices overcome the lot-to-lot variability of naturally derived materials
Anna Benedykcinska et al.
Disease models & mechanisms, 9(2), 211-220 (2015-12-26)
Targeted cell- or region-specific gene recombination is widely used in the functional analysis of genes implicated in development and disease. In the brain, targeted gene recombination has become a mainstream approach to study neurodegeneration or tumorigenesis. The use of the
Lorna A Farrelly et al.
Nature, 567(7749), 535-539 (2019-03-15)
Chemical modifications of histones can mediate diverse DNA-templated processes, including gene transcription1-3. Here we provide evidence for a class of histone post-translational modification, serotonylation of glutamine, which occurs at position 5 (Q5ser) on histone H3 in organisms that produce serotonin
Lawrence Mok et al.
Proteome science, 13, 25-25 (2015-11-05)
Bats are recognised as an important reservoir for a number of highly pathogenic zoonotic viruses. While many of these viruses cause severe and often fatal disease in humans, bats are able to coexist with these viruses without clinical signs of
Ernesto Cortes et al.
EMBO reports, 20(1) (2018-12-13)
The tumor microenvironment is fundamental to cancer progression, and the influence of its mechanical properties is increasingly being appreciated. Tamoxifen has been used for many years to treat estrogen-positive breast cancer. Here we report that tamoxifen regulates the level and
Dariusz Lachowski et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 7299-7299 (2019-05-16)
Liver fibrosis is characterised by a dense and highly cross-linked extracellular matrix (ECM) which promotes progression of diseases such as hepatocellular carcinoma. The fibrotic microenvironment is characterised by an increased stiffness, with rigidity associated with disease progression. External stiffness is
Monika Saini et al.
Reproduction, fertility, and development (2019-06-13)
The aim of the present study was to isolate somatic cells from semen, a non-invasive source of donor somatic cells, for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) experiments. The study had two parts: (1) isolation and culture of somatic cells from
Ghaya Merdassi et al.
Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E, 9, 78-78 (2011-06-10)
The objective of the present study is to assess viability tests and to evaluate follicle ovarian tissue quality after freezing-thawing procedures. Ewe's ovaries were harvested at the slaughterhouse, after dissection each ovarian specimen was divided into two groups: fresh tissue
L Dumont et al.
Molecular human reproduction, 22(12), 819-832 (2016-09-28)
Does vitamin A (retinol, Rol) prevent round spermatid nuclear damage and increase the production of motile sperm during in vitro maturation of vitrified pre-pubertal mouse testicular tissue? The supplementation of an in vitro culture of ~0.75 mm The production of
Mykhaylo S Frasinyuk et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(46), 11292-11301 (2015-09-30)
The regiospecific Mannich aminomethylation of 7-hydroxyisoflavonoids using bis(N,N-dimethylamino)methane afforded C-8 substituted N,N-dimethylaminomethyl adducts, and the regioselective aminomethylation of 5-hydroxy-7-methoxyisoflavonoids afforded predominantly the C-6 substituted N,N-dimethylaminomethyl adducts. Acetylation of these C-6 or C-8 Mannich bases with potassium acetate in acetic anhydride
Rebecca A Wachs et al.
The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society, 17(3), 435-444 (2016-12-19)
Disc degeneration is the leading cause of low back pain and is often characterized by a loss of disc height, resulting from cleavage of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) present in the nucleus pulposus. Intact CSPGs are critical to water retention
L Dumont et al.
Andrology, 3(3), 611-625 (2015-05-28)
Testicular tissue cryopreservation offers the hope of preserved future fertility to pre-pubertal boys with cancer before exposition to gonadotoxic treatments. The objective of this study was to compare controlled slow freezing (CSF) with five vitrification techniques for cryopreservation of murine
A C Popa et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 12, 683-707 (2017-02-09)
Synthetic physiological fluids are currently used as a first in vitro bioactivity assessment for bone grafts. Our understanding about the interactions taking place at the fluid-implant interface has evolved remarkably during the last decade, and does not comply with the
Fiona C Mansergh et al.
Molecular vision, 21, 61-87 (2015-02-14)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) typically results from individual mutations in any one of >70 genes that cause rod photoreceptor cells to degenerate prematurely, eventually resulting in blindness. Gene therapies targeting individual RP genes have shown efficacy at clinical trial; however, these
Jennifer Mildenberger et al.
Autophagy, 13(10), 1664-1678 (2017-08-19)
Inflammation is crucial in the defense against infections but must be tightly controlled to limit detrimental hyperactivation. Our diet influences inflammatory processes and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have known anti-inflammatory effects. The balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory processes
Jie Xu et al.
Nature, 556(7702), 505-509 (2018-04-20)
Leptin, a hormone produced in white adipose tissue, acts in the brain to communicate fuel status, suppress appetite following a meal, promote energy expenditure and maintain blood glucose stability1,2. Dysregulation of leptin or its receptors (LEPR) results in severe obesity
Filipa M Lopes et al.
The Journal of pathology, 249(4), 472-484 (2019-08-11)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) has been reported to be dysregulated in malformed ureters. There exists, however, little information on whether altered TGFβ levels actually perturb ureter development. We therefore hypothesised that TGFβ has functional effects on ureter morphogenesis. Tgfb1, Tgfb2
Ayesha Ali et al.
STAR protocols, 1(2), 100088-100088 (2020-10-29)
Healthy vaginal epithelium is essential for normal reproductive functions and protects against infectious diseases. Here, we present a protocol for developing mouse vaginal organoids from single epithelial cells. These organoids recapitulate both functional and structural characteristics of vagina in situ.
Hamideh Babaloo et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 234(7), 11060-11069 (2018-12-26)
The significant consequences of spinal cord injury (SCI) include sensory and motor disability resulting from the death of neuronal cells and axon degeneration. In this respect, overcoming the consequences of SCI including the recovery of sensory and motor functions is
Vinita Jagannath et al.
Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, 10, 342-342 (2017-11-09)
Dysfunction of D-amino acid oxidase (DAO) and DAO activator (DAOA)/G72 genes have been linked to neuropsychiatric disorders. The glutamate hypothesis of schizophrenia has proposed that increased DAO activity leads to decreased D-serine, which subsequently may lead to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor
Lovorka Grgurevic et al.
Growth factors (Chur, Switzerland), 35(6), 201-215 (2018-02-28)
Liver fibrosis is a progressive pathological process resulting in an accumulation of excess extracellular matrix proteins. We discovered that bone morphogenetic protein 1-3 (BMP1-3), an isoform of the metalloproteinase Bmp1 gene, circulates in the plasma of healthy volunteers and its
Karina Romeu Montenegro et al.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 193, 105423-105423 (2019-07-07)
The active form of Vitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), has been suggested to have a regulatory role in skeletal muscle function and metabolism, however, the effects and mechanisms of vitamin D (VitD) action in this tissue remain to be fully established. In
Chris M Valdez et al.
Bioelectromagnetics, 39(6), 441-450 (2018-07-10)
Nanosecond electric pulse (nsEP) exposure generates an array of physiological effects. The extent of these effects is impacted by whether the nsEP is a unipolar (UP) or bipolar (BP) exposure. A 600 ns pulse can generate 71% more YO-PRO-1 uptake compared
Yusuke Matsuya et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 10365-10365 (2019-07-19)
Insoluble radioactive microparticles emitted by the incident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant have drawn keen interests from the viewpoint of radiation protection. Cs-bearing particles have been assumed to adhere in the long term to trachea after aspirated into respiratory
Hitomi Nomura et al.
BMC cancer, 8, 39-39 (2008-02-02)
Gelsolin-like actin-capping protein (CapG) is a ubiquitous gelsolin-family actin-modulating protein involved in cell signalling, receptor-mediated membrane ruffling, phagocytosis, and motility. CapG has generated great interest due to its oncogenic function in the control of cell migration or invasion in a
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