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Lee Campbell et al.
American journal of cancer research, 5(9), 2838-2848 (2015-11-27)
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the most aggressive and lethal form of renal cell carcinoma accounts for over 90% of metastasis that occur following curative surgery for clinically confined disease. High relapse rates have prompted the evaluation of targeted
Zhiling Yan et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 34(5), 1301-1308 (2014-09-02)
Syndecan-4 (SDC4), a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan, acts as a signal transducer. It affects the growth and differentiation of a number of tissues and organs. However, the specific mechanisms through which SDC4 regulates the differentiation of dental epithelial cells (amelogenesis)
Shoko Sawano et al.
Animal science journal = Nihon chikusan Gakkaiho, 85(12), 994-1000 (2014-09-05)
Regenerative intramuscular motor-innervation is thought to reside in the spatiotemporal expression of axon-guidance molecules. Our previous studies showed that resident myogenic stem cells, satellite cells, up-regulate a secreted neural-chemorepellent semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) during the early-differentiation period, in response to hepatocyte
Chihiro Yamada et al.
Psychoneuroendocrinology, 55, 81-93 (2015-03-04)
The combination of depression and anorexia may influence morbidity and progressive physical disability in the elderly. Gender differences exist in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation following stress exposure. The objective of this study was to investigate gender differences in feeding behavior under
Ming-Wei Liu et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(5), 3308-3316 (2015-01-13)
A typical indicator of sepsis is the development of progressive subcutaneous and body‑cavity edema, which is caused by the breakdown of endothelial barrier function, leading to a marked increase in vascular permeability. Microvascular leakage predisposes to microvascular thrombosis, breakdown of
A L Althaus et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 113(4), 1184-1194 (2014-11-28)
Hilar ectopic dentate granule cells (DGCs) are a salient feature of aberrant plasticity in human temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and most rodent models of the disease. Recent evidence from rodent TLE models suggests that hilar ectopic DGCs contribute to hyperexcitability
Jinlong Yin et al.
PLoS biology, 13(5), e1002152-e1002152 (2015-05-21)
Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) has been associated with glioma stemness, but the direct molecular mechanism linking the two is largely unknown. Here, we show that EGFRvIII induces the expression and secretion of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) via
Thomas R Morrison et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 134, 85-91 (2015-05-12)
Previously, we have shown that anabolic androgenic steroid (AAS) exposure throughout adolescence stimulates offensive aggression while also reducing anxious behaviors during the exposure period. Interestingly, AAS exposure through development correlates with alterations to the serotonin system in regions known to
Qiao Zhu et al.
Diagnostic pathology, 10, 70-70 (2015-06-17)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a multi-factor, multi-step, multi-gene and complicated process resulting from the accumulation of sequential genetic and epigenetic alterations. An important change among them is from precancerous lesions to HCC. However, only few studies have been reported about
Bernadette V Marquez et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(11), 3988-3995 (2014-07-25)
Pertuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that binds to HER2 and is used in combination with another HER2-specific monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab, for the treatment of HER2+ metastatic breast cancer. Pertuzumab binds to an HER2 binding site distinct from that of trastuzumab
Nathalie Busso et al.
PloS one, 3(5), e2267-e2267 (2008-05-22)
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), also known as visfatin, is the rate-limiting enzyme in the salvage pathway of NAD biosynthesis from nicotinamide. Since its expression is upregulated during inflammation, NAMPT represents a novel clinical biomarker in acute lung injury, rheumatoid arthritis, and
Yu Chen et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 135(17), 2939-2948 (2008-07-26)
Cited2 is a transcriptional modulator with pivotal roles in different biological processes. Cited2-deficient mouse embryos manifested two major defects in the developing eye. An abnormal corneal-lenticular stalk was characteristic of Cited2(-/-) developing eyes, a feature reminiscent of Peters' anomaly, which
Huazheng Liang et al.
Neuroscience letters, 584, 113-118 (2014-12-03)
The present study investigated projections of the mouse oral pontine reticular nucleus (PnO) to the spinal cord by (a) injecting a retrograde tracer fluoro-gold (FG) to the lumbar cord and (b) an anterograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) to PnO.
Poomy Pandey et al.
Oncotarget, 6(4), 2064-2075 (2015-01-13)
Amyloid precursor-like protein 2 (APLP2) is aberrantly expressed in pancreatic cancer. Here we showed that APLP2 is increased in pancreatic cancer metastases, particularly in metastatic lesions found in the diaphragm and intestine. Examination of matched human primary tumor-liver metastasis pairs
Kareem L Graham et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 183(10), 6717-6723 (2009-10-30)
We examined the involvement of chemokine-like receptor-1 (CMKLR1) in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of human multiple sclerosis. Upon EAE induction by active immunization with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein amino acids 35-55 (MOG(35-55)), microglial cells and CNS-infiltrating myeloid dendritic cells
Eric Jacobsen et al.
Leukemia & lymphoma, 56(4), 993-998 (2014-07-12)
Platelet derived growth factor-α (PDGFR-α) is expressed in peripheral T cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL, NOS). Imatinib mesylate demonstrated in vitro cytotoxicity against primary PTCL, NOS cells. We initiated a trial of imatinib in 12 patients with relapsed or
Xin Liu et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e24740-e24740 (2011-09-21)
Iridoid glycosides (IG), the major active fraction of F. syringae leaves has been demonstrated to have strong anti-inflammatory properties to ulcerative colitis (UC) in our previous study. The aim of this study was to investigate whether IG modulates the inflammatory
Devalingam Mahalingam et al.
Autophagy, 10(8), 1403-1414 (2014-07-06)
We previously reported that inhibition of autophagy significantly augmented the anticancer activity of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor vorinostat (VOR) through a cathepsin D-mediated mechanism. We thus conducted a first-in-human study to investigate the safety, preliminary efficacy, pharmacokinetics (PK), and
Jason S Kirk et al.
Oncotarget, 6(5), 3136-3146 (2015-01-22)
Progression of aggressive prostate cancers (PCa) with androgen receptor splice variants or neuroendrocrine features is currently untreatable in the clinic. Therefore novel therapies are urgently required. We conducted RNA-seq using tumors from a unique murine transplant mouse model which spontaneously
Teresa Oviedo-Socarrás et al.
Microvascular research, 93, 23-29 (2014-03-07)
The increased prevalence of diabetes worldwide is associated with increasing numbers of diabetic individuals receiving synthetic matrices and biomedical implants to repair and/or replace biological tissues. This therapeutic procedure invariably leads to adverse tissue healing (foreign body reaction), thus impairing
Christiane Y Ozaki et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131484-e0131484 (2015-07-15)
Diarrhea is a prevalent pathological condition frequently associated to the colonization of the small intestine by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains, known to be endemic in developing countries. These strains can produce two enterotoxins associated with the manifestation of clinical
Dawn Lam et al.
Molecular vision, 15, 2217-2229 (2009-11-10)
To examine early cellular changes, including astrocyte reactivity and microglial activation, in the central nervous system (CNS) after unilateral optic nerve transection (ONT) or ocular hypertension (OHT) in monkeys. Unilateral ONT or OHT was achieved in monkeys for periods ranging
Yexian Yuan et al.
The EMBO journal, 39(7), e103304-e103304 (2020-02-28)
Beneficial effects of resistance exercise on metabolic health and particularly muscle hypertrophy and fat loss are well established, but the underlying chemical and physiological mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we identified a myometabolite-mediated metabolic pathway that is essential for
Jiang Wang et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(5), 3585-3592 (2015-01-13)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has a high potential for bone metastasis; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this metastasis have remained to be elucidated. The present study aimed to explore the expression levels of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), matrix
Tomonaga Ichikawa et al.
Cellular signalling, 27(10), 2087-2098 (2015-07-26)
N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) is one of the important stress-inducible genes and plays a critical role in negatively regulating PI3K/AKT signaling during hypoxia and inflammation. Through recruitment of PP2A phosphatase, NDRG2 maintains the dephosphorylated status of PTEN to suppress
Clarissa Xavier Resende Valim et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 9(8), e0004032-e0004032 (2015-09-01)
The fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is the leading etiological agent of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a systemic granulomatous disease that typically affects the lungs. Cell wall components of P. brasiliensis interact with host cells and influence the pathogenesis of PCM. In yeast, many
Takahiro Kondo et al.
Neuroscience research, 98, 35-44 (2015-06-21)
Using histological and electrophysiological methods, we identified the neuroanatomical properties of the common marmoset corticospinal tract (CST), which underlies hand/arm motor control. Biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) was injected into the primary motor cortex to anterogradely label CST axons in the
Kishore Reddy Katikireddy et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 784, 155-167 (2011-09-08)
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) and immunofluorescence (IF) involve the binding of an antibody to a cellular or tissue antigen of interest and then visualisation of the bound product by fluorescence/with the 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) chromogen detection system. With increasing numbers of available antibodies
Sowbiya Muneer et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0134103-e0134103 (2015-07-30)
Phosphorus is a major nutrient acquired by plants via high-affinity inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporters. To determine the adaptation and homeostasis strategy to Pi starvation, we compared the proteome analysis of tomato leaves that were treated with and without Pi (as
S Inan et al.
Neuroscience, 163(1), 23-33 (2009-06-16)
The aims of the present study were to establish if nalfurafine, a kappa opioid agonist, inhibits compulsive scratching in mice elicited by the s.c. administration (behind the neck) of 5'-guanidinonaltrindole (GNTI), a kappa opioid antagonist; to assess if nalfurafine prevents
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