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Carol L Murray et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 8, 50-50 (2011-05-19)
Chronic neurodegeneration comprises an inflammatory response but its contribution to the progression of disease remains unclear. We have previously shown that microglial cells are primed by chronic neurodegeneration, induced by the ME7 strain of prion disease, to synthesize limited pro-inflammatory
Peter N Laver et al.
General and comparative endocrinology, 179(2), 178-183 (2012-08-29)
Free-ranging banded mongooses are infected by the novel pathogen, Mycobacterium mungi in northern Botswana. A reliable method for determining stress-related physiological responses in banded mongooses will increase our understanding of the stress response in M. mungi infection. Therefore, our aim
Elisabeth Wigenstam et al.
Toxicology, 328, 40-47 (2014-12-17)
Chlorine (Cl2) causes tissue damage and a neutrophilic inflammatory response in the airways manifested by pronounced airway hyperreactivity (AHR). The importance of early anti-inflammatory treatment has previously been addressed. In the previous study, both high-dose and low-dose of dexamethasone (DEX)
Veysel Nijat Baş et al.
European journal of pediatrics, 171(4), 735-736 (2011-12-29)
Iatrogenic Cushing syndrome may occur as an undesirable outcome of high-dose glucocorticoids treatments. This may also cause hypothalamus-hypophysis-adrenal axis suppression. While this situation may be caused more frequently with oral and topical glucocorticoid therapy, iatrogenic Cushing syndrome in childhood, caused
Saleh Sulaimana et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 1945-1955 (2014-06-25)
Stability and removal of dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DSP) from wastewater produced at Al-Quds University Campus were investigated. Kinetic studies in both pure water and wastewater coming from secondary treatment (activated sludge) demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory DSP underwent degradation to its
Sara Cipolat et al.
eLife, 3, e01888-e01888 (2014-05-21)
Atopic dermatitis can result from loss of structural proteins in the outermost epidermal layers, leading to a defective epidermal barrier. To test whether this influences tumour formation, we chemically induced tumours in EPI-/- mice, which lack three barrier proteins-Envoplakin, Periplakin
Wupeng Liao et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 177(16), 3662-3673 (2020-04-27)
Corticosteroid resistance poses a major barrier to an effective anti-inflammatory therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study aimed to investigate potential corticosteroid re-sensitization actions of andrographolide, a bioactive molecule from the herb Andrographis paniculata, in COPD models
K Manjunath et al.
Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, 22(4), 530-536 (2011-11-30)
The aim of this study is to evaluate oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) by clinical and histopathological examination, and compare the results with those from ultrasonographic technique. 30 clinically diagnosed OSMF patients were subjected to both ultrasonographic and histopathological evaluation before
S Knüpfer et al.
Der Urologe. Ausg. A, 50(7), 806-809 (2011-07-05)
The treatment of patients with overactive bladder (OAB) refractory to conventional treatment is gaining clinical significance. This article intends to review alternative therapy options for patients with OAB refractory to conventional treatment. A search of the PubMed database as well
Halena M Gazelka et al.
Pain physician, 15(1), 87-93 (2012-01-25)
Epidural injection of corticosteroids is a commonly used treatment for radicular pain. However, the benefits are often short lived, and repeated injections are often limited secondary to concerns of side effects from cumulative steroid doses. In addition, rare, catastrophic complications
Rong Zhou et al.
Journal of psychiatric research, 64, 121-129 (2015-03-31)
The present study focuses on detecting anxiety-like behavior and associated neurochemical alterations in adolescent rats exposed perinatally to bisphenol A (BPA), an estrogen-mimicking endocrine disrupter and investigating the possible involvement of metabotropic glutamate 2/3 receptors (mGlu2/3 receptors) in BPA-induced anxiogenic
Weina Liu et al.
Neuroscience letters, 524(2), 119-123 (2012-07-21)
Prenatal exposure to glucocorticoids (GCs) leads to affective dysfunction in adulthood, which may be associated with the alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Physical exercise has been shown to ameliorate depressive symptoms. The objectives of present study were to investigate whether
Marcus Ang et al.
The British journal of ophthalmology, 98(8), 1028-1032 (2014-03-29)
To describe outcomes and complications following Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in eyes with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (BK) while retaining the anterior chamber intraocular lenses (ACIOL). We included consecutive patients who underwent DSAEK for BK at a single tertiary
S Viale-Bouroncle et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 406(1-2), 199-204 (2015-05-20)
Signaling transduction pathways are established by interactions between growth factors, protein kinases, and transcription factors, and they play a crucial role in tooth development. Precursor cells of the dental follicle (DFCs) are used for in vitro studies about molecular mechanisms
Lokendrakumar C Bengani et al.
Biomaterials, 34(11), 2814-2821 (2013-01-23)
Drug eluding contact lenses can be very effective vehicles for ophthalmic drug delivery, but are incapable of releasing drug for more than a few hours. We propose to optimize the interactions of the polymer matrix of the contact lens with
Paola Checconi et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0127086-e0127086 (2015-05-20)
Protein cysteines can form transient disulfides with glutathione (GSH), resulting in the production of glutathionylated proteins, and this process is regarded as a mechanism by which the redox state of the cell can regulate protein function. Most studies on redox
Abdhish R Bhavsar et al.
Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.), 35(4), 783-788 (2014-12-20)
By optimizing the protocol for intravitreal injections, the risk of endophthalmitis can be minimized. This study assesses the incidence of endophthalmitis and other complications after a consecutive series of intravitreal injections where all antibiotics were excluded. Injections were performed from
Xiaolin Xu et al.
Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie, 249(10), 1503-1510 (2011-05-21)
To assess how safe and effective it is to use menthol as a permeability enhancer in ophthalmic drug delivery systems. In this study, the effect of menthol on permeability of dexamethasone disodium phosphate in the cornea and sclera was investigated
Peng Bai et al.
Nature medicine, 25(8), 1266-1273 (2019-07-10)
The ability to safely control transgene expression with simple synthetic gene switches is critical for effective gene- and cell-based therapies. In the present study, the signaling pathway controlled by human transient receptor potential (TRP) melastatin 8 (hTRPM8), a TRP channel
R DeRijk et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 82(7), 2182-2191 (1997-07-01)
Although we have previously shown that the integrity of inflammatory mediator-induced activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is essential for conferring resistance to inflammatory disease in susceptible Lewis rats, the role of endogenous glucocorticoid secretion in human immune function in either
Richard A Zager et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 316(4), F674-F681 (2019-01-31)
The cyclin kinase inhibitor p21 is acutely upregulated during acute kidney injury (AKI) and exerts cytoprotective effects. A proposed mechanism is oxidant stress-induced activation of p53, the dominant p21 transcription factor. Glycerol-induced rhabdomyolysis induces profound renal oxidant stress. Hence, we
Susan Sun et al.
Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology, 72(3), 509-513 (2013-07-19)
Fosaprepitant dimeglumine for injection is the water-soluble phosphorylated prodrug of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist aprepitant. Both agents are approved (in combination with a 5-HT3 antagonist and a corticosteroid) for prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. Because fosaprepitant is likely to
Jonathan K J Rhodes et al.
Journal of neurotrauma, 26(4), 507-525 (2009-02-13)
The expression of the neutrophil chemokine macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2/CXCL2) and the monocyte chemokine monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1/CCL2) have been described in glial cells in vitro but their origin following TBI has not been established. Furthermore, little is known of
Christopher K Schott et al.
The Journal of emergency medicine, 44(2), 329-331 (2012-01-31)
We present the case of a 47-year-old man who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with complaint of left-sided neck pain. He was thought to have a musculoskeletal sprain on his initial visit. However, he returned the following evening with
Donal T Skelly et al.
Molecular psychiatry, 24(10), 1533-1548 (2018-06-08)
Systemic inflammation can impair cognition with relevance to dementia, delirium and post-operative cognitive dysfunction. Episodes of delirium also contribute to rates of long-term cognitive decline, implying that these acute events induce injury. Whether systemic inflammation-induced acute dysfunction and acute brain
Martin Gräber et al.
ACS chemical biology, 6(10), 1008-1014 (2011-07-30)
Phosphorylation-dependent protein binding domains are crucially important for intracellular signaling pathways and thus highly relevant targets in chemical biology. By screening of chemical libraries against 12 structurally diverse phosphorylation-dependent protein binding domains, we have identified fosfosal and dexamethasone-21-phosphate as selective
Sarah K Sasse et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 33(11), 2104-2115 (2013-03-20)
The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) regulates adaptive transcriptional programs that alter metabolism in response to stress. Network properties that allow GR to tune gene expression to match specific physiologic demands are poorly understood. We analyzed the transcriptional consequences of GR activation
Marieke Veurink et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 30(4), 1176-1187 (2013-02-16)
To investigate the mechanism behind the aggregation breaking properties of dexamethasone phosphate and related corticosteroids on the IgG1 antibody bevacizumab (Avastin®). An in silico 3D dimer model is developed to identify the bevacizumab-bevacizumab interface, and different corticosteroids are docked onto
[Diagnosis and treatment for plasma cell leukemia].
Akiyoshi Miwa
Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine, 70 Suppl 2, 628-641 (2012-11-09)
Jun-yun Xie et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 19(2), 130-137 (2011-11-25)
Bupleurum chinense DC had hepato-protective, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, and immunomodulatory effect in traditional Chinese medicine. This study was to determine whether the crude polysaccharides isolated from the roots of Bupleurum chinense DC (BCPs) attenuated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury in
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