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Caroline Übel et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 5865-5865 (2014-08-12)
In a murine model of allergic asthma, we found that Tyk-2((-/-)) asthmatic mice have induced peribronchial collagen deposition, mucosal type mast cells in the lung, IRF4 and hyperproliferative lung Th2 CD4(+) effector T cells over-expressing IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 and
Xiaojian Li et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(9), 2937-2949 (2014-04-18)
Dry powder inhalation aerosols of antibiotic drugs (a first-line aminoglycoside, tobramycin, and a first-line macrolide, azithromycin) and a sugar alcohol mucolytic agent (mannitol) as co-spray dried (co-SD) particles at various molar ratios of drug:mannitol were successfully produced by organic solution
Arlette Bochud et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1851(5), 629-640 (2015-02-18)
Five yeast enzymes synthesizing various glycerophospholipids belong to the CDP-alcohol phosphatidyltransferase (CAPT) superfamily. They only share the so-called CAPT motif, which forms the active site of all these enzymes. Bioinformatic tools predict the CAPT motif of phosphatidylinositol synthase Pis1 as
Murat Kacagan et al.
Journal of basic microbiology, 55(12), 1367-1373 (2015-08-15)
A Gram-stain-negative, lack of motility, catalase- and oxidase- positive bacterium (strain MT1(T)) was isolated from Buharkent hot spring in Aydin, Turkey. Its taxonomy was investigated using a polyphasic approach. The strain was able to grow at 45-80 °C, pH 5.5-10.5 and
Katrien Forier et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 195, 21-28 (2014-08-16)
Encapsulation of antibiotics into nanoparticles is a potential strategy to eradicate biofilms. To allow further optimization of nanomedicines for biofilm eradication, the influence of the nanoparticle size on the penetration into dense biofilm clusters needs to be investigated. In the
Roselyn Valles-Regino et al.
Marine drugs, 13(10), 6019-6037 (2015-09-26)
Ocean warming and acidification are current global environmental challenges impacting aquatic organisms. A shift in conditions outside the optimal environmental range for marine species is likely to generate stress that could impact metabolic activity, with consequences for the biosynthesis of
Jacobus J van Franeker et al.
Nature communications, 6, 6229-6229 (2015-02-07)
The photoactive layer of organic solar cells consists of a nanoscale blend of electron-donating and electron-accepting organic semiconductors. Controlling the degree of phase separation between these components is crucial to reach efficient solar cells. In solution-processed polymer-fullerene solar cells, small
Chung Wah Wu et al.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 20(11), 2994-3002 (2014-04-03)
Detecting microRNA (miRNA) in stool is a novel approach for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. This study aimed to identify stool-based miRNA as noninvasive biomarkers for detection of CRC and adenoma. A miRNA expression array covering 667 human miRNAs was performed
Roderick C Slieker et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(10), e1005583-e1005583 (2015-10-23)
Remodelling the methylome is a hallmark of mammalian development and cell differentiation. However, current knowledge of DNA methylation dynamics in human tissue specification and organ development largely stems from the extrapolation of studies in vitro and animal models. Here, we
Indri Erliandri et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(18), 11502-11516 (2014-09-18)
In human chromosomes, centromeric regions comprise megabase-size arrays of 171 bp alpha-satellite DNA monomers. The large distances spanned by these arrays preclude their replication from external sites and imply that the repetitive monomers contain replication origins. However, replication within these
Taylor R Jay et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 212(3), 287-295 (2015-03-04)
Variants in triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) confer high risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative diseases. However, the cell types and mechanisms underlying TREM2's involvement in neurodegeneration remain to be established. Here, we report that
Bruna Medeiros-Neves et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(10), 18083-18094 (2015-10-09)
Plants from the genus Pterocaulon are popularly used as antifungal and wound-healing agents. Such activities have been related to coumarins, which are abundant in those plants. Coumarins are soluble in organic solvents, such as hexane and dichloromethane, and some of
Maja Lozić et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 171(19), 4385-4398 (2014-05-20)
The paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus is an important integrative site for neuroendocrine control of the circulation. We investigated the role of oxytocin receptors (OT receptors) in PVN in cardiovascular homeostasis. Experiments were performed in conscious male Wistar rats
Sebastian Fiedler et al.
Biophysical journal, 109(10), 2079-2089 (2015-11-21)
Cyclic lipopeptides act against a variety of plant pathogens and are thus highly efficient crop-protection agents. Some pesticides contain Bacillus subtilis strains that produce lipopeptide families, such as surfactins (SF), iturins (IT), and fengycins (FE). The antimicrobial activity of these
Ana Penko et al.
Food chemistry, 168, 372-382 (2014-08-31)
The oxidation processes were studied in chicken patties, enriched with n-3 fatty acids, after 8days of storage at 4°C, under different aerobic conditions, and following heat treatment. Significant effects were seen on lipid and cholesterol oxidation and the sensory qualities
Steven A Lopez et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 78(4), 1576-1582 (2013-01-26)
The transition structures for the 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of phenyl azide to enamines derived from acetophenone or phenylacetaldehyde and piperidine, morpholine, or pyrrolidine were located using quantum mechanical methods. These cycloadditions were studied experimentally in 1975 by Meilahn, Cox, and Munk
P Farinelli et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1558-e1558 (2014-12-06)
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) defines a group of inherited degenerative retinal diseases causing progressive loss of photoreceptors. To this day, RP is still untreatable and rational treatment development will require a thorough understanding of the underlying cell death mechanisms. Methylation of
Mariana Segovia-Mendoza et al.
BMC cancer, 15, 21-21 (2015-01-28)
Over the past few years, the concurrent use of cisplatin-based chemotherapy and radiation therapy has dramatically improved the local response and increased overall survival in early-stage cervical cancer. However, for the advanced stages of the disease this standard treatment has
Evan Markegard et al.
PloS one, 6(9), e25540-e25540 (2011-10-04)
In contrast to the well-characterized T cell receptor (TCR) signaling pathways that induce genes that drive T cell development or polarization of naïve CD4 T cells into the diverse T(H)1, T(H)2, T(H)17 and T(reg) lineages, it is unclear what signals
Takashi Toyao et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(22), 3905-3912 (2015-09-24)
Various N-doped nanoporous carbons containing metal species were prepared by direct thermal conversion of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs; ZIF-7, -8, -9, and -67) at different temperatures (600, 800, and 1000 °C). These materials were utilized as bifunctional acid-base catalysts to promote
Tereza Kunická et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e101740-e101740 (2014-08-01)
ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) transporters may cause treatment failure by transporting of anticancer drugs outside of the tumor cells. Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 coded by the ABCC1 gene has recently been suggested as a potential prognostic marker in breast cancer patients.
Irene T Ma et al.
Pediatric research, 77(4), 500-505 (2015-01-15)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a well-characterized regulator of angiogenesis, has been mechanistically implicated in retinal neovascularization and in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity. However, the ontogeny of VEGF expression in the human fetal retina is not well known.
Maria Chiara Mimmi et al.
Journal of proteome research, 14(3), 1465-1471 (2015-01-28)
Fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion has been proposed as a prenatal intervention to ameliorate congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) prognosis. Tracheal occlusion (TO) prevents pulmonary fluid egress, leading to tissue expansion, reversal of lung hypoplasia, and potential maturation. Fetal lung maturity strongly
Werner Stenzel et al.
Neurology, 84(13), 1346-1354 (2015-03-10)
To analyze antisynthetase syndrome-associated myositis by modern myopathologic methods and to define its place in the spectrum of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs). Skeletal muscle biopsies from antisynthetase syndrome-associated myositis and other IIMs from different institutions worldwide were analyzed by histopathology
Yu Zheng et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5772-5772 (2014-12-17)
The self-assembly of nanoscale materials to form hierarchically ordered structures promises new opportunities in drug delivery, as well as magnetic materials and devices. Herein, we report a simple means to promote the self-assembly of two polymers with functional groups at
João Cleverson Gasparetto et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0118922-e0118922 (2015-03-11)
For decades guaco species have been empirically used for the treatment of respiratory diseases. However, studies have shown that the toxic and therapeutic effects of the main guaco metabolites are dose-dependent, and none clinical study was done to evaluate the
Noha El-Kashef et al.
Forensic science, medicine, and pathology, 11(4), 517-529 (2015-10-06)
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the main cause of post-neonatal infant death in most developed countries. It is still of ambiguous etiology. Gene expression studies of relevant target genes using reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) in SIDS cases
Claire D Bourke et al.
International journal for parasitology, 45(4), 215-224 (2015-01-13)
Keratinocytes constitute the majority of cells in the skin's epidermis, the first line of defence against percutaneous pathogens. Schistosome larvae (cercariae) actively penetrate the epidermis to establish infection, however the response of keratinocytes to invading cercariae has not been investigated.
Hisanobu Ota et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123733-e0123733 (2015-04-16)
Relationship between microalbuminuria and worse outcome of coronary artery disease patients is discussed, but its underlying pathophysiological mechanism remains unclear. We investigated the role of microalbuminuria to the function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), that might affect to outcome of
Venkata Krishna Bayineni et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 453(4), 784-786 (2014-12-03)
An autobiographic method based on the thin layer chromatogram was developed by using the chemical system that comprises p-Nitrophenyl butyrate and bromothymol blue for detecting the lipase inhibitor. Lipase inhibitory zones were visualized as blue spots against the greenish yellow
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