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Judit J Pénzes et al.
Journal of virology, 88(19), 11304-11314 (2014-07-25)
Although adenoviruses (AdVs) have been found in a wide variety of reptiles, including numerous squamate species, turtles, and crocodiles, the number of reptilian adenovirus isolates is still scarce. The only fully sequenced reptilian adenovirus, snake adenovirus 1 (SnAdV-1), belongs to
Matthew A Ingersoll et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0131811-e0131811 (2015-06-30)
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer-related death afflicting United States males. Most treatments to-date for metastatic PCa include androgen-deprivation therapy and second-generation anti-androgens such as abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide. However, a majority of patients eventually develop
Avisek Mahapa et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0122168-e0122168 (2015-03-31)
SarA, a Staphylococcus aureus-specific dimeric protein, modulates the expression of numerous proteins including various virulence factors. Interestingly, S. aureus synthesizes multiple SarA paralogs seemingly for optimizing the expression of its virulence factors. To understand the domain structure/flexibility and the folding/unfolding
Shabnam Massah et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97535-e97535 (2014-05-14)
Regulatory elements for the mouse growth hormone (GH) gene are located distally in a putative locus control region (LCR) in addition to key elements in the promoter proximal region. The role of promoter DNA methylation for GH gene regulation is
Donatella Ponti et al.
BMC cell biology, 16, 27-27 (2015-11-19)
The nucleolus is a multi-domain enriched with proteins involved in ribosome biogenesis, cell cycle and apoptosis control, viral replication and differentiation of stem cells. Several authors have suggested a role for the nucleolus also in malignant transformation. We have recently
Varsha Singh et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 307(6), G623-G631 (2014-07-26)
Probiotics, including Lactobacilli, are commensal bacteria that have been used in clinical trials and experimental models for the prevention and treatment of diarrheal disorders. Our previous studies have shown that Lactobacillus acidophilus (LA) and its culture supernatant (CS) stimulated Cl(-)/HCO3
Juan Li et al.
Virology, 478, 86-98 (2015-03-03)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a positive-sense ssRNA virus whose envelope contains four glycoproteins and three nonglycosylated proteins. Glycans of major envelope glycoprotein 5 (GP5) are proposed as important for virus assembly and entry into permissive cells.
Monika Bubka et al.
Biochimie, 103, 37-49 (2014-04-15)
An important role in cancer pathogenesis is attributed to N-glycans with "bisecting" N-acetylglucosamine and beta1-6 branches but the exact mechanisms still remain to be elucidated. Two structures are formed by Golgi beta-1,4-mannosyl-glycoprotein 4-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (EC =, GnT-III) and alpha-1,6-mannosylglycoprotein 6-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
S Águila-Arcos et al.
The Journal of membrane biology, 248(3), 431-442 (2015-04-04)
Staphylococcus epidermidis has emerged as one of the major nosocomial pathogens associated with infections of implanted medical devices. The most important factor in the pathogenesis of these infections is the formation of bacterial biofilms. Bacteria grown in biofilms are more
C Scuderi et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1419-e1419 (2014-09-12)
Given the complex heterogeneity of pathological changes occurring in Alzheimer's disease (AD), any therapeutic effort absolutely requires a multi-targeted approach, because attempts addressing only a single event may result ineffective. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), a naturally occurring lipid amide between palmitic acid
Alexander Muir et al.
eLife, 3 (2014-10-04)
Plasma membrane lipid composition must be maintained during growth and under environmental insult. In yeast, signaling mediated by TOR Complex 2 (TORC2)-dependent protein kinase Ypk1 controls lipid abundance and distribution in response to membrane stress. Ypk1, among other actions, alleviates
Waleska K Martins et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 12425-12425 (2015-07-28)
The role of autophagy in cell death is still controversial and a lot of debate has concerned the transition from its pro-survival to its pro-death roles. The similar structure of the triterpenoids Betulinic (BA) and Oleanolic (OA) acids allowed us
Yao Weijun
Journal of separation science, 38(13), 2272-2277 (2015-04-22)
A method of gas chromatography with nitrogen chemiluminescence detection and using standard addition is described for the determination of acrylamide in heat-processed foods. Using a modified QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) sample preparation method removes the acrylamide
Elizabeth A Ennis et al.
ACS chemical neuroscience, 6(3), 417-427 (2015-01-07)
The high-affinity choline transporter (CHT) is the rate-limiting determinant of acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis, yet the transporter remains a largely undeveloped target for the detection and manipulation of synaptic cholinergic signaling. To expand CHT pharmacology, we pursued a high-throughput screen for
Jessica P Otis et al.
Disease models & mechanisms, 8(3), 295-309 (2015-01-31)
Improved understanding of lipoproteins, particles that transport lipids throughout the circulation, is vital to developing new treatments for the dyslipidemias associated with metabolic syndrome. Apolipoproteins are a key component of lipoproteins. Apolipoproteins are proteins that structure lipoproteins and regulate lipid
H Zhou et al.
Journal of animal breeding and genetics = Zeitschrift fur Tierzuchtung und Zuchtungsbiologie, 132(4), 301-307 (2015-03-18)
High glycine-tyrosine keratin-associated proteins (HGT-KAPs) are predominantly present in the orthocortex of wool fibres. They vary in abundance in different wools and have been implicated in regulating wool fibre properties, but little is known about the functional roles of these
Amir Houshang Shiva et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 888, 146-154 (2015-09-01)
A systematic comparison of the diffusion coefficients of cations (Al, Cd, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn) and oxyanions (Al, As, Mo, Sb, V, W) in open (ODL) and restricted (RDL) diffusive layers used by the DGT technique was undertaken.
Li Zhu et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 93(10), 1600-1610 (2015-06-03)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are modulators of gene expression that play key regulatory roles in distinct cellular processes. Methamphetamine (METH) induces various aberrant changes in the limbic system by affecting a complex gene regulatory mechanism, yet the involvement of miRNAs in the
M-W Baek et al.
International endodontic journal, 48(3), 287-297 (2014-05-28)
To investigate the molecular mechanisms of nitric oxide (NO)-induced cytotoxic effect in human gingival fibroblast (HGF) cells. After sodium nitroprusside (SNP), as NO donor, was treated to HGF, viability was measured by MTT assay and apoptosis was determined by TUNEL
Young-Ran Song et al.
Journal of food science, 80(9), M2005-M2014 (2015-08-25)
Flavor development in soy sauce is significantly related to the diversity of yeast species. Due to its unique fermentation with meju, the process of making Korean soy sauce gives rise to a specific yeast community and, therefore, flavor profile; however
Hélène Bon et al.
Molecular cancer research : MCR, 13(4), 620-635 (2014-12-31)
Salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) is a multifunctional kinase of the AMPK family that plays a role in CREB1-mediated gene transcription and was recently reported to have therapeutic potential in ovarian cancer. The expression of this kinase was investigated in prostate
Jhi Biau Foo et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14, 197-197 (2014-06-21)
Dillenia suffruticosa root dichloromethane extract (DCM-DS) has been reported to exhibit strong cytotoxicity towards breast cancer cells. The present study was designed to investigate the cell cycle profile, mode of cell death and signalling pathways of DCM-DS-treated human caspase-3 deficient
Cindy Chiang et al.
Journal of virology, 89(15), 8011-8025 (2015-05-29)
The cytosolic RIG-I (retinoic acid-inducible gene I) receptor plays a pivotal role in the initiation of the immune response against RNA virus infection by recognizing short 5'-triphosphate (5'ppp)-containing viral RNA and activating the host antiviral innate response. In the present
Yvonne Boergeling et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(5), e1004924-e1004924 (2015-05-30)
Influenza A virus (IAV) defective RNAs are generated as byproducts of error-prone viral RNA replication. They are commonly derived from the larger segments of the viral genome and harbor deletions of various sizes resulting in the generation of replication incompatible
Sayed Gebril et al.
Planta, 242(4), 1009-1024 (2015-06-10)
Overexpression of SPS in alfalfa is accompanied by early flowering, increased plant growth and an increase in elemental N and protein content when grown under N2-fixing conditions. Sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS; EC is the key enzyme in the synthesis
Antonella Leone et al.
Marine drugs, 13(8), 4654-4681 (2015-08-01)
Jellyfish are recorded with increasing frequency and magnitude in many coastal areas and several species display biological features comparable to the most popular Asiatic edible jellyfish. The biochemical and antioxidant properties of wild gelatinous biomasses, in terms of nutritional and
Awanish Kumar et al.
Parasitology international, 64(4), 36-42 (2015-01-20)
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major fatal disease prevalent in North-East India, caused by a protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani. The parasite multiplies and thrives inside mammalian macrophages and is transmitted by the bite of the sandfly. Due to the unsatisfactory
Sooyeon Lee et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(48), 16140-16152 (2014-11-28)
Haploinsufficiency of peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) causes hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies, a peripheral nerve lesion induced by minimal trauma or compression. As PMP22 is localized to cholesterol-enriched membrane domains that are closely linked with the underlying
Allisson Jhonatan Gomes Castro et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1850(1), 51-61 (2014-10-15)
The effect of in vivo treatment with ursolic acid (UA) on glycemia in hyperglycemic rats and its mechanism of action on muscle were studied. The UA effects on glycemia, glycogen, LDH, calcium and on insulin levels were evaluated after glucose
Morgana Moretti et al.
Neurotoxicity research, 28(3), 222-231 (2015-07-15)
Considering that depression is a common non-motor comorbidity of Parkinson's disease and that agmatine is an endogenous neuromodulator that emerges as a potential agent to manage diverse central nervous system disorders, this study investigated the antidepressant-like effect of agmatine in
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