Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 717 results for "


" within Papers
Sort by Relevance
Jiali Wan et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11398-11398 (2015-06-23)
Gold nanorods are a promising nanoscale material in clinical diagnosis and treatment. The physicochemical properties of GNRs, including size, shape and surface features, are crucial factors affecting their cytotoxicity. In this study, we investigated the effects of different aspect ratios
Martin Chalumeau et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 5(5), CD003124-CD003124 (2013-06-04)
Acetylcysteine and carbocysteine are the most commonly prescribed mucolytic drugs in Brazil and many European and African countries. To our knowledge, no systematic review has been published on their efficacy and safety for acute upper and lower respiratory tract infections
N De Vries et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry. Supplement, 17F, 270-277 (1993-01-01)
The most commonly used chemopreventive agents in the prevention of oral leukoplakia, head and neck cancer, and lung cancer are beta-carotene, vitamin A, and other retinoids. One of the few chemopreventive agents not in this group and presently being used
Marjan Tavakkoli et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 52(12), 1550-1557 (2014-09-23)
Finding effective therapies for neurodegenerative diseases is of utmost importance for the aging population. Plants growing in Iran are rich sources of antioxidants and active phytochemicals. The protective capacity of plants, with a special focus on those with reported antioxidant
Dongju Lin et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 42(10), 1727-1736 (2014-07-16)
Diosbulbin B (DIOB), a furan-containing diterpenoid lactone, is the most abundant component of Dioscorea bulbifera L. (DB), a traditional Chinese medicine herb. Administration of purified DIOB or DB extracts has been reported to cause liver injury in animals. The mechanisms
Qing-Shuo Zhang et al.
Pediatric blood & cancer, 61(4), 740-742 (2013-10-12)
Fanconi anemia (FA) patients suffer from progressive bone marrow failure and often develop cancers. Previous studies showed that antioxidants tempol and resveratrol (RV) delayed tumor onset and reduced hematologic defects in FA murine models, respectively. Here we tested whether antioxidants
Development of new treatments for Batten disease.
Sara E Mole
The Lancet. Neurology, 13(8), 749-751 (2014-07-07)
Y H Zhu et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(7), 3503-3511 (2015-10-07)
Polyamines are essential for embryonic and fetal survival, growth, and development. Additionally, polyamines may induce autophagy in mammalian cells. However, little is known about the availability of polyamines or autophagy in the porcine conceptus with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The
Jeremy Yee Hoong Ong et al.
Life sciences, 135, 158-164 (2015-04-22)
The compound 2-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (MNQ) was previously shown to be cytotoxic against several cancer cell lines, but its mode of action is poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of MNQ-induced cytotoxicity of A549 lung adenocarcinoma
Xiang Li et al.
Biomaterials, 36, 44-54 (2014-10-14)
Chitosan coated porous titanium alloy implant (CTI) is demonstrated a promising approach to improve osseointegration capacity of pure porous titanium alloy implant (TI). Since chitosan has been demonstrated to exhibit antioxidant activity, we propose CTI may ameliorate the ROS overproduction
P Gebhardt et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 17(9), 2558-2560 (2007-03-10)
The fungus Daedalea quercina (oak mazegill) was examined for its capability of producing antioxidative and anti-inflammatory compounds. Bioactivity guided fractionation of the extract from a mycelial culture led to the isolation of quercinol, which was identified as (-)-(2S)-2-hydroxymethyl-2-methyl-6-hydroxychromene 1 by
Yun-Ji Lim et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 20(3), 358-370 (2014-12-30)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress responses play critical roles in the pathogenesis of tuberculosis. To investigate the regulatory role of the ER stress response in 38-kDa antigen-induced apoptosis, we examined the relationship between the ER stress response and apoptosis in bone
Rongjie Yu et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e113913-e113913 (2014-11-27)
The high expression of PACAP (pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide)-preferring receptor PAC1 is associated with nerve injury and tumors. Our previous report (Yu R, et al. PLoS One 2012; 7: e51811) confirmed the dimerization of PAC1 and found that the M-PAC1
Wan-Rong Huang et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(6), 7785-7797 (2014-06-26)
Shikonin is a compound from the herbal plant Lithospermum erythrorhizon that has been proved to possess powerful anti-proliferative effect on many kinds of cancers and to be safe in in vivo study. Posterior capsular opacification (PCO), the most frequent complication
Yanggang Yuan et al.
Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology, 95(12), 1374-1386 (2015-09-29)
Podocytes play an important role in the pathogenesis and progression of glomerulosclerosis. Recent studies indicate that aldosterone/mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) is a major contributor of chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Aldosterone/MR induces glomerular podocyte injury, causing the disruption of the glomerular
H-Y Li et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1604-e1604 (2015-01-23)
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignant tumor of bone, the long-term survival of which has stagnated in the past several decades. Celastrol, a triterpene from traditional Chinese medicine, has been proved to possess potent anti-tumor effect on various cancers.
M Shen et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1528-e1528 (2014-11-21)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress occurring in stringent conditions is critically involved in cardiomyocytes apoptosis and cardiac contractile dysfunction (CCD). However, the molecular machinery that mediates cardiac ER stress and subsequent cell death remains to be fully deciphered, which will hopefully
Owen Clark et al.
Cancer letters, 357(1), 316-327 (2014-12-03)
In a wide range of neuroblastoma-derived lines oxovanadium compounds such as bis(maltolato)oxovanadium(IV) (BMOV) are cytotoxic. This is not explained by oxidative stress or inhibition of ion channels. Genotoxicity is unlikely given that a p53 response is absent and p53-mutant lines
Yuqing Duan et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 224, 13-23 (2014-10-08)
The autophagy of human hepatoma G2 (HepG2) cells induced by procyanidins from chestnut (Castanea mollissima Bl.) shell (CSPCs) was investigated, and the inherent relationship between autophagic levels and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was studied. The results showed that CSPCs
Saroj Kumar Amar et al.
Toxicology letters, 239(3), 182-193 (2015-10-07)
Solar UV radiation is main factor of photocarcinogenesis, photoageing, and phototoxicity; thus, protection from UV radiation is major concern. Sunscreens containing UV filters are suggested as sun safe practices, but safety of UV filters remains in controversies. Benzophenone-1 (BP1) is
Veronika Seiberlich et al.
Glia, 63(9), 1621-1635 (2015-04-08)
Oligodendrocytes, the myelin forming cells of the CNS, are characterized by their numerous membranous extensions, which enwrap neuronal axons and form myelin sheaths. During differentiation oligodendrocytes pass different morphological stages, downregulate the expression of the proteoglycan NG2, and acquire major
When is research clinical advice? Interpreting an exploratory study of paracetamol overdose.
Geoffrey K Isbister et al.
Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), 51(10), 1242-1242 (2013-11-14)
E Zurita et al.
Infection and immunity, 81(7), 2371-2378 (2013-05-01)
The exacerbated induction of innate immune responses in airways can abrogate diverse lung infections by a phenomenon known as stimulated innate resistance (StIR). We recently demonstrated that the enhancement of innate response activation can efficiently impair Bordetella pertussis colonization in
Hitoshi Murata et al.
PloS one, 10(11), e0142438-e0142438 (2015-11-12)
Mutations of the PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) gene are a cause of autosomal recessive forms of Parkinson's disease. Recent studies have revealed that PINK1 is an essential factor for controlling mitochondrial quality, and that it protects cells from oxidative
Shun Yoshioka et al.
Organic letters, 17(1), 90-93 (2014-12-20)
Herein, we report a new synthetic route from (S)-pyroglutaminol to (+)-lactacystin, a potent inhibitor of the 20S proteasome. The photoinduced intermolecular C(sp(3))-H alkynylation and intramolecular C(sp(3))-H acylation chemo- and stereoselectively constructed the tetra- and trisubstituted carbon centers, respectively. The obtained
Zhigang Liu et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 84, 42-53 (2015-03-31)
Acrylamide (ACR), a potent neurotoxin, can be produced during food processing at high temperature. This study examined the redox-dependent apoptotic and inflammatory responses of ACR in an immortalized mouse microglia cell line BV2. The exposure of BV2 cells to ACR
Elsa Gouix et al.
Pharmacological research, 87, 8-17 (2014-06-15)
Understanding the role of astrocytes in stroke is assuming increasing prominence, not only as an important component on its own within the neurovascular unit, but also because astrocytes can influence neuronal outcome. Ischemia may induce astrogliosis and other phenotypic changes
Chenghu Huang et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 36(1), 173-185 (2015-05-16)
The number of pro-α cells is known to increase in response to β cell injury and these cells then generate glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), thus attenuating the development of diabetes. The aim of the present study was to further examine the
Hyesook Yoon et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 40(7), 1483-1500 (2020-01-09)
Myelin loss limits neurological recovery and myelin regeneration and is critical for restoration of function. We recently discovered that global knock-out of the thrombin receptor, also known as Protease Activated Receptor 1 (PAR1), accelerates myelin development. Here we demonstrate that
Majid Sakhi Jabir et al.
Autophagy, 11(1), 166-182 (2015-02-24)
The nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat containing family caspase recruitment domain containing 4 (NLRC4) inflammasome can be activated by pathogenic bacteria via products translocated through the microbial type III secretion apparatus (T3SS). Recent work has shown that activation of the NLRP3
Page 1 of 24
Page 1 of 24