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Yunxia Lu et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 107, 1631-1640 (2018-09-28)
Danzhi jiangtang capsule (DJC) is mainly used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus and vascular complication. Our aim was to investigate whether the protective effects of DJC by oral administration on high-fat diet (HFD) and palmitic acid-induced damages of endothelial
Takayuki Matsumoto et al.
Life sciences, 118(2), 200-205 (2013-12-03)
There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a major catechin isolated from green tea, has several beneficial effects, such as anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, whether treatment with EGCG can suppress the endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced contraction
Yang Zhang et al.
Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, 34(1), 152-159 (2013-11-10)
Bone morphogenic protein 4 (BMP4) is involved in the development of endothelial dysfunction in hypertension. This study investigated whether the inhibition of BMP4 signaling improves endothelial function in db/db diabetic mice. Male db/db mice were treated with noggin via osmotic
Dalise Zancheta et al.
Life sciences, 122, 78-86 (2014-12-24)
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Wortmannin, an inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt), on aortic hyporeactivity to Phenylephrine (Phe) and nitric oxide bioavailability associated with pregnancy in hypertensive rats. The intact aortic rings of pregnant
Peter Ong et al.
Circulation, 129(17), 1723-1730 (2014-02-28)
Coronary spasm can cause myocardial ischemia and angina in patients with and those without obstructive coronary artery disease. However, provocation tests using intracoronary acetylcholine administration are rarely performed in clinical routine in the United States and Europe. Thus, we assessed
Natalia Andersen et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(51), 20819-20824 (2013-12-04)
Neuronal α7 nicotinic receptors elicit rapid cation influx in response to acetylcholine (ACh) or its hydrolysis product choline. They contribute to cognition, synaptic plasticity, and neuroprotection and have been implicated in neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders. α7, however, often localizes distal
Somruedee Yorsin et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 156, 162-174 (2014-08-30)
In Thai traditional medicine, rhizomes of Kaempferia parviflora (KP) have been used for treating hypertension and for the promotion of longevity with good health and well being. Ageing is one of the most important risk factors for development of cardiovascular
Brittany G Durgin et al.
JCI insight, 4(19) (2019-09-06)
Nitric oxide regulates BP by binding the reduced heme iron (Fe2+) in soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) and relaxing vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). We previously showed that sGC heme iron reduction (Fe3+ → Fe2+) is modulated by cytochrome b5 reductase
Acetylcholine-evoked afterdischarge in Aplysia bag cell neurons
White SH and Magoski NS
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology (2012)
Qing Cao et al.
Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology, 23(14), 1797-1805 (2016-12-04)
Radix Polygalae, the dried root of Polygala tenuifolia, has been extensively used as a traditional Chinese medicine for promoting intelligence and tranquilization. Polygalasaponins extracted from the root of P. tenuifolia possess evident anxiolytic and sedative-hypnotic activities. Previous studies have reported
Wengang Wang et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(25), 10405-10426 (2013-06-21)
Locomotion and cue-dependent behaviors are modified through corticostriatal signaling whereby short-term increases in dopamine availability can provoke persistent changes in glutamate release that contribute to neuropsychiatric disorders, including Parkinson's disease and drug dependence. We found that withdrawal of mice from
Wei Mee Loh et al.
Vascular pharmacology, 71, 151-158 (2015-04-15)
Des-aspartate angiotensin I (DAA-I), an endogenous nonapeptide, counteracts several effects of angiotensin II on vascular tone. The aim of this study was to investigate the acute protective effect of DAA-I on endothelial function in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) as
Yolanda Mendizábal et al.
Life sciences, 93(25-26), 1023-1032 (2013-11-10)
We have studied the vasoactive role of prostaglandins derived from perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) and their effects on endothelial function in healthy rats and rats with metabolic syndrome (SHROB). Mesenteric resistance arteries (MRA) from SHROB and control rats (WKY) were
Samuel Legeay et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 127, 110200-110200 (2020-05-18)
Diabetes notably increases the risk for endothelial dysfunction, a main precursor for microvascular complications. While endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) have been associated with endothelial dysfunction in resistance vessels, whether these mechanisms also contribute to
Ya-Bin Tang et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 849, 70-79 (2014-10-11)
Dynamic, continuous, and simultaneous multi-analysis of transmitters is important for the delineation of the complex interactions between the neuronal and intercellular communications. But the analysis of the whole repertoire of classical transmitters of diverse structure is challenging due to their
Jiung-Pang Huang et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 72(5), 231-241 (2018-11-07)
We investigated whether resveratrol (RSV) can attenuate obesity and diabetes progression and improve diabetes-induced vascular dysfunction, and we attempted to delineate its underlying mechanisms. Male C57Bl/6 mice were administered a high-fat diet (HFD) for 17 weeks. Mice developed type 2
Panagiotis Laspas et al.
Experimental eye research, 127, 1-8 (2014-07-16)
Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) are involved in regulation of ocular vascular tone and blood flow. While endothelial NOS (eNOS) has recently been shown to mediate endothelium-dependent vasodilation in mouse retinal arterioles, the contribution of individual NOS isoforms to vascular responses
Amber Hanif Palla et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 160, 61-68 (2014-11-30)
Linum usitatissimum, commonly known as Flaxseed has traditionally been used for the management of diarrhea and gastrointestinal infections. This study was planned to assess pharmacological basis for the medicinal use of Flaxseed in infectious and non-infectious diarrhea. The crude aqueous-methanolic
Marta J Siemieniuch et al.
Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.), 234(9), 1056-1066 (2009-07-15)
To determine the possible roles of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and nitric oxide (NO) in the bovine oviduct, ampulla and isthmus collected during the estrous cycle were exposed for 18 h to TNFalpha, NO donor (NONOate), NO synthase inhibitors (L-NOARG
A Altomare et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 307(1), G77-G88 (2014-05-17)
It has been shown, in animal models, that gastrointestinal tract (GIT) motility is influenced by temperature; nevertheless, the basic mechanism governing thermal GIT smooth muscle responses has not been fully investigated. Studies based on physiologically tuned mathematical models have predicted
Thiago Bruder-Nascimento et al.
Clinical science (London, England : 1979), 128(7), 411-423 (2014-11-02)
Oxidative stress [increased bioavailability of reactive oxygen species (ROS)] plays a role in the endothelial dysfunction and vascular inflammation, which underlie vascular damage in diabetes. Statins are cholesterol-lowering drugs that are vasoprotective in diabetes through unknown mechanisms. We tested the
Fredrik Iredahl et al.
Microcirculation (New York, N.Y. : 1994), 22(6), 446-453 (2015-05-29)
After iontophoresis of vasoactive drugs into the skin, a decrease in perfusion is commonly observed. We delivered vaso-active drugs by iontophoresis using different delivery protocols to study how these affect this decrease in perfusion as measured using LDF. We measured
Markus H Hillert et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 131(1), 42-52 (2014-06-10)
The lithium-pilocarpine model is a rat model of epilepsy that mimics status epilepticus in humans. Here, we report changes of acetylcholine (ACh) release in the hippocampus before, during and after status epilepticus as monitored by microdialysis in unanesthetized rats. Administration
Elim Hong et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(52), 21171-21176 (2013-12-12)
The habenulo-interpeduncular pathway, a highly conserved cholinergic system, has emerged as a valuable model to study left-right asymmetry in the brain. In larval zebrafish, the bilaterally paired dorsal habenular nuclei (dHb) exhibit prominent left-right differences in their organization, gene expression
Padmamalini Baskaran et al.
Muscle & nerve, 50(2), 206-215 (2013-11-13)
Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT/A) cleaves SNAP-25 and inhibits acetylcholine (ACh) release at the neuromuscular junctions (NMJ) to cause neuroparalysis. Previous reports indicate a dyssynchrony between the inhibitory effect of BoNT/A on ACh release and SNAP-25 cleavage. We tested the in
Mariona Pinart et al.
PloS one, 8(3), e58452-e58452 (2013-03-19)
IL-17A induces the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and of reactive oxygen species which could lead to neutrophilic inflammation. We determined the role of IL-17 receptor (IL-17R) signalling in oxidant-induced lung emphysema and airway hyperresponsiveness. IL-17R(-/-) and wild-type C57/BL6 mice were
Yeh Siang Lau et al.
Nutrients, 7(7), 5239-5253 (2015-07-03)
Botanical herbs are consumed globally not only as an essential diet but also as medicines or as functional/recreational food supplements. The extract of the Apocynum venetum leaves (AVLE), also known as Luobuma, exerts its antihypertensive effect via dilating the blood
Yunjia Zhang et al.
Redox biology, 29, 101409-101409 (2020-01-14)
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the vasculature characterised by the infiltration of activated neutrophils and macrophages at sites of damage within the vessel wall, which contributes to lesion formation and plaque progression. Selenomethionine (SeMet) is an organic form
Weerapon Sangartit et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114908-e114908 (2014-12-17)
Cadmium (Cd) is a nonessential heavy metal, causing oxidative damage to various tissues and associated with hypertension. Tetrahydrocurcumin (THU), a major metabolite of curcumin, has been demonstrated to be an antioxidant, anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive and anti-inflammatory agent. In this study, we
Mariko Sekiguchi-Tonosaki et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 296(5), C1195-C1206 (2009-02-27)
Retinal pigmented epithelial cells exchange their cellular phenotypes into lens cells and neurons, via depigmented and non-epithelial-shaped dedifferentiated intermediates. Because these dedifferentiated cells can either revert to pigmented epithelial cells or transdifferentiate into lens cells and/or neurons, they are recognized
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