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Xiao Ma et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 16(3), 259-262 (2013-02-27)
Skeletal muscle is a major organ that is important for whole-body glucose metabolism. We found that when isolated rat epitrochlearis muscle was incubated with a Pu-erh tea hot-water extract (PTE) for 30 min, the rate of 3-O-methyl-D-glucose (3MG) transport increased...
Nicole Schöbel et al.
Chemical senses, 39(6), 471-487 (2014-04-11)
Astringency is an everyday sensory experience best described as a dry mouthfeel typically elicited by phenol-rich alimentary products like tea and wine. The neural correlates and cellular mechanisms of astringency perception are still not well understood. We explored taste and...
Shu-Chung Hsieh et al.
Life sciences, 102(1), 55-64 (2014-03-19)
The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in response to liver injury is critical to the development of liver fibrosis, thus, the blockage of the activation of HSCs is considered as a rational approach for anti-fibrotic treatment. In this report...
Lina Raudone et al.
Food & function, 5(6), 1167-1174 (2014-04-05)
The mechanism of action of polyphenolic compounds is attributed to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative properties and their effects on subcellular signal transduction, cell cycle impairment and apoptosis. A raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) fruit extract contains various antioxidant active compounds...
Chloé Roullier-Gall et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97615-e97615 (2014-05-27)
The chemical composition of grape berries is influenced by various environmental conditions often considered to be representative of a "terroir". If grapes from a given terroir are assumed to reflect this origin in their chemical compositions, the corresponding wine should...
Carlos L Céspedes et al.
Environmental research, 132, 391-406 (2014-06-04)
The effects of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) on humans and biodiversity are multiple and varied. Nowadays environmentally-friendly pesticides are strongly preferred to POPs. It is noteworthy that the crop protection role of pesticides and other techniques, i.e. biopesticides, plant extracts...
Gaimei She et al.
Natural product communications, 8(4), 461-462 (2013-06-07)
A new compound, mucic acid 3-O-gallate (1), was isolated from the fruit of Phyllanthus emblica L, together with 5 known compounds (2-6). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, including 1D and 2D NMR techniques, and by...
Anna Kårlund et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(3), 1010-1019 (2015-01-09)
Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) contains many secondary metabolites potentially beneficial for human health, and several of these compounds contribute to strawberry sensory properties, as well. In this study, three strawberry cultivars grown both conventionally and organically were subjected to...
Alejandro Cáceres-Mella et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(29), 7255-7262 (2014-07-02)
The chemical and sensory effects of storing Sauvignon Blanc in colored bottles and exposing them to artificial light were examined. The colors of the bottles chosen were Dead Leaf Green, Antique Green, Amber, and Flint. The light was provided by...
Kelly Y P Liu et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 18(3), 2483-2500 (2013-02-27)
Pentaherb formula (PHF) has been proven to improve the quality of life of children with atopic dermatitis without side effects. The aim of this study was to elucidate the potential anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activities of PHF, Moutan Cortex (Danpi/DP) and...
T R Aguiar et al.
Journal of dental research, 93(4), 417-422 (2014-02-28)
Although proanthocyanidins (PACs) modify dentin, the effectiveness of different PAC sources and the correlation with their specific chemical composition are still unknown. This study describes the chemical profiling of natural PAC-rich extracts from 7 plants using ultra high pressure/performance liquid...
Jong Suk Lee et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0118552-e0118552 (2015-02-26)
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn (Nymphaeaceae) has long been used as a traditional herb in Chinese, Japanese, Indian, and Korean medicinal practices since prehistoric times and flourishes today as the primary form of medicine. This study reports for the first time the...
Jiradej Manosroi et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(6), 862-869 (2014-11-29)
Cleistocalyx nervosum (DC.) Kosterm. var. paniala (Roxb.) J. Parn. & Chantaran. (Myrtaceae) or Ma Kiang contains high amounts of phenolic compounds. Antioxidant activity of its fruit and seed has been investigated. However, limited available information concerning the biological activities of...
Miguel Ángel Sánchez-Madrigal et al.
Journal of food science and technology, 52(5), 2701-2710 (2015-04-22)
The stability of antioxidants in extruded and nixtamalized blue maize flours with calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2] and calcium lactate [C6H10O6Ca] were evaluated. Extruded blue maize flours batches were obtained by mixing blue maize flours separately with different Ca(OH)2 (0.1, 0.2 and...
Weiguang Ma et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), 49(71), 7842-7844 (2013-07-31)
A novel photoelectrochemical sensor has been designed with polyaniline-reduced graphene oxide-titanium dioxide, which was further applied to sense gallic acid and exhibited extraordinary rapid response, high sensitivity and excellent anti-inference. Meanwhile, the mechanism has been elaborately explored.
Marija T Popovic-Milenkovic et al.
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 71(2), 279-285 (2014-10-03)
Hawthorn has been present for a long time in traditional medicine as antihypertensive, hypolipidemic, anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, antimicrobial agent. Hawthorn can be used for the cure of stress, nervousness but there is no published paper about actions of Crataegus nigra Wald....
Adam Kowalczyk et al.
Natural product communications, 7(12), 1631-1634 (2013-02-19)
The antioxidant level of commercial tinctures from three Lamiaceae plants, Salvia officinalis, Mentha piperita, and Melissa officinalis, have been determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method, the 2.2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydracyl hydrate (DPPH) radical scavenging technique and ABTS assay. Total phenolic content was expressed as...
Jatinder Kumar et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e98696-e98696 (2014-06-18)
Fourteen saxicolous lichens from trans-Himalayan Ladakh region were identified by morpho-anatomical and chemical characteristics. The n-hexane, methanol and water extracts of the lichens were evaluated for their antioxidant capacities. The lichen extracts showing high antioxidant capacities and rich phenolic content...
Olfa Dridi Gargouri et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1830(6), 3643-3649 (2013-02-26)
A kinetic study of the electrochemical oxidation of syringic acid (3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acid) by cyclic voltammetry at treated gold disk was combined with results of electrolyses at Ta/PbO2 anode in order to convert it into potentially high-added-value product. The electrochemical oxidation...
Miriam Cristina Díaz-García et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(6), 1283-1293 (2014-07-22)
Anthocyanins and other polyphenols from flowers and bracts of Thymus sp. are studied. An anthocyanin-rich food colourant with interesting high antioxidant activity from Thymus moroderi has been obtained, and applied to colour foods. Anthocyanins and other polyphenols from T. moroderi...
Marina T Tomovic et al.
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 72(1), 137-145 (2015-04-09)
Potentilla species have been used in traditional medicine in the treatment of different ailment, disease or malady. Potentilla reptans (P. reptans) has been scarcely studied. The aim of this study was to test antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity of P. reptans...
Miriam Martínez-Huélamo et al.
Food chemistry, 173, 864-872 (2014-12-04)
Tomato sauce is the most commonly consumed processed tomato product worldwide, but very little is known about how the manufacturing process may affect the phenolic composition and bioavailability after consumption. In a prospective randomised, cross-over intervention study, we analysed the...
J R Vergara-Salinas et al.
Food chemistry, 171, 62-69 (2014-10-14)
Pressurized hot water extracts obtained at different temperatures possess different compositions and antioxidant activities and, consequently, different bioactivities. We characterized two pressurized hot water extracts from grape pomace obtained at 100°C (GPE100) and 200°C (GPE200) in terms of antioxidant activity...
Qunfeng Zhang et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e112572-e112572 (2014-11-13)
To investigate the effect of light intensity and temperature on the biosynthesis and accumulation of quality-related metabolites, field grown tea plants were shaded by Black Net and Nano-insulating Film (with additional 2-4°C cooling effect) with un-shaded plants as a control....
Ana Oliveira et al.
Food chemistry, 170, 74-83 (2014-10-13)
Strawberries purées are incorporated in foods and subjected to pH modulation according to the expected final food matrix. The effect of pH on strawberry polyphenols stored at 4 and 23 °C for 90 days was evaluated. Total antioxidant activity and...
Ashok K Tiwari et al.
Pharmacognosy magazine, 10(Suppl 2), S383-S391 (2014-07-06)
Hyperglycemia induced generation of free radicals and consequent development of oxidative stress by polyol pathway is one of the crucial mechanisms stirring up development of diabetic complications. We evaluated influence of ten vegetables' juice on polyol pathway along with their...
Gabriela Trevisan et al.
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 387(7), 679-689 (2014-04-12)
The transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) has been identified as a relevant target for the development of novel analgesics. Gallic acid (GA) is a polyphenolic compound commonly found in green tea and various berries and possesses a wide range...
Sunyoung Jeong et al.
The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology : official journal of the Korean Physiological Society and the Korean Society of Pharmacology, 19(2), 151-158 (2015-03-03)
Recently, Cynanchi wilfordii Radix has gained wide use in Asian countries as a functional food effective for relieving fatigue, osteoporosis, and constipation, particularly in menopausal disorders. However, its anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activities have not been explored in detail to date....
C L Salcedo et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1838(10), 2656-2661 (2014-07-08)
Polyphenols are well known as antioxidant agents and by their effects on the hydration layers of lipid interphases. Among them, gallic acid and its derivatives are able to decrease the dipole potential and to act in water as a strong...
Mohammad Hosein Farzaei et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(3), 429-436 (2014-12-05)
Tragopogon graminifolius DC. (Compositae) (TG) has been proposed as an efficacious remedy for gastrointestinal ulcers in Iranian traditional medicine. The present study evaluates the efficacy of TG on experimental colitis and the responsible mechanisms. After induction of IBD by 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic...
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