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Erika C Anderson et al.
Developmental cell, 51(2), 192-207 (2019-09-10)
Mechanisms establishing higher-order chromosome structures and their roles in gene regulation are elusive. We analyzed chromosome architecture during nematode X chromosome dosage compensation, which represses transcription via a dosage-compensation condensin complex (DCC) that binds hermaphrodite Xs and establishes megabase-sized topologically
Jiasheng Zhang et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 40(3), 557-568 (2019-11-30)
Mitochondria are important sources of energy, but they are also the target of cellular stress, toxin exposure, and aging-related injury. Persistent accumulation of damaged mitochondria has been implicated in many neurodegenerative diseases. One highly conserved mechanism to clear damaged mitochondria
Human Riahi et al.
PLoS biology, 17(3), e2006146-e2006146 (2019-03-13)
Stress responses are crucial processes that require activation of genetic programs that protect from the stressor. Stress responses are also energy consuming and can thus be deleterious to the organism. The mechanisms coordinating energy consumption during stress response in multicellular
Dorival Martins et al.
Frontiers in microbiology, 11, 576708-576708 (2020-10-27)
Stressors and environmental cues shape the physiological state of bacteria, and thus how they subsequently respond to antibiotic toxicity. To understand how superoxide stress can modulate survival to bactericidal antibiotics, we examined the effect of intracellular superoxide generators, paraquat and
Prasanna V Ramachandran et al.
Developmental cell, 48(5), 685-696 (2019-02-05)
Lysosomes and mitochondria are both crucial cellular organelles for metabolic homeostasis and organism health. However, mechanisms linking their metabolic activities to promote organism longevity remain poorly understood. We discovered that the induction of specific lysosomal signaling mediated by a LIPL-4
Khadija Hajji et al.
Human molecular genetics, 28(11), 1905-1918 (2019-02-05)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder that can arise after long-term exposure to environmental oxidative stressors, such as the herbicide paraquat (PQ). Here we investigated the potential neuroprotective action of vertebrate pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) against
Tetrahedron Letters, 33, 6677-6677 (1993)
Alexander N Patananan et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 569, 32-44 (2015-02-11)
l-Ascorbate, commonly known as vitamin C, serves as an antioxidant and cofactor essential for many biological processes. Distinct ascorbate biosynthetic pathways have been established for animals and plants, but little is known about the presence or synthesis of this molecule
Jaehyuk Choi et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0134939-e0134939 (2015-08-05)
Rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, is the most destructive pathogen in the rice-growing area. This fungus has a biotrophic phase early in infection and later switches to a necrotrophic lifestyle. During the biotrophic phase, the fungus competes with its host
David Virant et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 930-930 (2018-03-04)
Dense fluorophore labeling without compromising the biological target is crucial for genuine super-resolution microscopy. Here we introduce a broadly applicable labeling strategy for fixed and living cells utilizing a short peptide tag-specific nanobody (BC2-tag/bivBC2-Nb). BC2-tagging of ectopically introduced or endogenous
Claudia Montllor-Albalate et al.
Redox biology, 21, 101064-101064 (2018-12-24)
Cu/Zn Superoxide Dismutase (Sod1) is a highly conserved and abundant metalloenzyme that catalyzes the disproportionation of superoxide radicals into hydrogen peroxide and molecular oxygen. As a consequence, Sod1 serves dual roles in oxidative stress protection and redox signaling by both
Hamid Abdollahi et al.
Photosynthesis research, 124(2), 231-242 (2015-03-31)
Erwinia amylovora is a necrogenic bacterium, causing the fire blight disease on many rosaceous plants. Triggering oxidative burst by E. amylovora is a key response by which host plants try to restrain pathogen spread. Electron transport chain (ETC) of chloroplasts
The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 98, 6377-6377 (1994)
Fanpeng Zhao et al.
Molecular neurobiology, 56(7), 5157-5166 (2018-12-07)
The canonical Wnt pathway is critical for both the development and adulthood survival and homeostatic maintenance of the midbrain dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Expanding evidence has demonstrated that genetic factors associated with familial Parkinson disease (PD) deregulate this important pathway, suggesting
Maroun S Bou Sleiman et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7829-7829 (2015-07-28)
Gut immunocompetence involves immune, stress and regenerative processes. To investigate the determinants underlying inter-individual variation in gut immunocompetence, we perform enteric infection of 140 Drosophila lines with the entomopathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas entomophila and observe extensive variation in survival. Using genome-wide
Pamela Ovadje et al.
Oncotarget, 7(45), 73080-73100 (2016-08-27)
Dandelion extracts have been studied extensively in recent years for its anti-depressant and anti-inflammatory activity. Recent work from our lab, with in-vitro systems, shows the anti-cancer potential of an aqueous dandelion root extract (DRE) in several cancer cell models, with
Megan M Senchuk et al.
Bio-protocol, 7(1) (2017-12-26)
Oxidative stress has been proposed to be one of the main causes of aging and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases. Sensitivity to oxidative stress can be measured by quantifying survival following exposure to a reactive oxygen
Youjia Yu et al.
Frontiers in physiology, 11, 65-65 (2020-03-03)
Paraquat (PQ) is a widely used herbicide which can cause high mortality to humans. However, relatively few studies focus on metabolic feature of PQ intoxication for investigating the underlying mechanisms. Here we performed non-targeted metabolomics profiling of serum samples from
Wanlong Su et al.
Frontiers in plant science, 11, 568411-568411 (2021-02-09)
Salt stress is an adverse environmental factor for plant growth and development. Under salt stress, plants can activate the selective autophagy pathway to alleviate stress. However, the regulatory mechanism of selective autophagy in response to salt stress remains largely unclear.
M Irina Stefana et al.
Nature communications, 8(1), 1384-1384 (2017-11-11)
Early-life nourishment exerts long-term influences upon adult physiology and disease risk. These lasting effects of diet are well established but the underlying mechanisms are only partially understood. Here we show that restricting dietary yeast during Drosophila development can, depending upon
Mark R Lundquist et al.
Molecular cell, 70(3), 531-544 (2018-05-05)
While the majority of phosphatidylinositol-4, 5-bisphosphate (PI-4, 5-P2) in mammalian cells is generated by the conversion of phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PI-4-P) to PI-4, 5-P2, a small fraction can be made by phosphorylating phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate (PI-5-P). The physiological relevance of this second pathway is
Rhianna Williams et al.
Developmental cell, 54(6), 758-772 (2020-08-01)
The loss of protein homeostasis (proteostasis) is a primary driver of age-related tissue dysfunction. Recent studies have revealed that the failure of proteostasis with age is triggered by developmental and reproductive cues that repress the activity of proteostasis-related pathways in
Jorge O Escobedo et al.
Nature protocols, 1(6), 2759-2762 (2007-04-05)
A procedure for the detection of homocysteine (Hcy) in blood plasma is described. A commercially available chromogen is added to the plasma sample. The plasma solution turns from yellow to blue upon heating for 4 min when a detectable threshold
Maximilian Kramer-Drauberg et al.
PLoS genetics, 16(6), e1008838-e1008838 (2020-06-17)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are signalling molecules whose study in intact organisms has been hampered by their potential toxicity. This has prevented a full understanding of their role in organismal processes such as development, aging and disease. In Caenorhabditis elegans
Juliane Mundorf et al.
Cell reports, 27(10), 3019-3033 (2019-06-06)
Homeostatic renewal and stress-related tissue regeneration rely on stem cell activity, which drives the replacement of damaged cells to maintain tissue integrity and function. The Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway has been established as a critical regulator of tissue
David B Hicks et al.
Microbiology (Reading, England), 165(9), 1001-1012 (2019-07-17)
Alkaliphilic Bacillus pseudofirmus OF4, which has a broad pH growth range of 7.5 to above 10.5, is yellow-pigmented due to carotenoids. Carotenoids contribute to membrane rigidity and can alleviate cellular oxidative stress. This study was undertaken to gain insight into
Kriti Chaplot et al.
Disease models & mechanisms, 12(2) (2019-01-13)
Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an incurable, late-onset motor neuron disease, linked strongly to various causative genetic loci. ALS8 codes for a missense mutation, P56S, in VAMP-associated protein B (VAPB) that causes the protein to misfold and form cellular
Vayu Maini Rekdal et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 364(6445) (2019-06-15)
The human gut microbiota metabolizes the Parkinson's disease medication Levodopa (l-dopa), potentially reducing drug availability and causing side effects. However, the organisms, genes, and enzymes responsible for this activity in patients and their susceptibility to inhibition by host-targeted drugs are
Vipin Babu et al.
DNA repair, 41, 8-15 (2016-04-05)
The transcription-coupled repair pathway (TC-NER) plays a vital role in removing transcription-blocking DNA lesions, particularly UV-induced damage. Clinical symptoms of the two TC-NER-deficiency syndromes, Cockayne syndrome (CS) and UV-hypersensitivity syndrome (UVSS) are dissimilar and the underlying molecular mechanism causing this
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