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Arnis Strods et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11639-11639 (2015-06-27)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) core (HBc) virus-like particles (VLPs) are one of the most powerful protein engineering tools utilised to expose immunological epitopes and/or cell-targeting signals and for the packaging of genetic material and immune stimulatory sequences. Although HBc VLPs
Tali H Reingewertz et al.
Biochemistry, 54(21), 3337-3347 (2015-05-13)
The leading risk factor for gastric cancer in humans is infection by Helicobacter pylori strains that express and translocate the oncoprotein CagA into host epithelial cells. Once inside host cells, CagA interacts with ASPP2, which specifically stimulates p53-mediated apoptosis and
Paulina Carmona-Mora et al.
Human genetics, 134(10), 1099-1115 (2015-08-16)
GTF2IRD1 is one of the three members of the GTF2I gene family, clustered on chromosome 7 within a 1.8 Mb region that is prone to duplications and deletions in humans. Hemizygous deletions cause Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) and duplications cause WBS
Cristina Pavan et al.
Particle and fibre toxicology, 11, 76-76 (2014-12-20)
The hemolytic activity of inhaled particles such as silica has been widely investigated in the past and represents a usual toxicological endpoint to characterize particle reactivity despite the fact that red blood cells (RBCs) are not involved in the pathogenesis
Bo Peng et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 11(1), 105-114 (2014-10-18)
The cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) is a recently characterized endogenous inhibitor of the phosphatase activity of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), which extends the half-life of oncogenic protein c-myc and promotes in vivo tumor growth. The function of
Suvi Vartiainen et al.
Disease models & mechanisms, 7(6), 635-648 (2014-05-09)
A point mutation in the Drosophila gene that codes for the major adult isoform of adenine nuclear translocase (ANT) represents a model for human diseases that are associated with ANT insufficiency [stress-sensitive B(1) (sesB(1))]. We characterized the organismal, bioenergetic and
Rachit Badolia et al.
Blood, 125(1), 175-184 (2014-10-22)
Akt is an important signaling molecule regulating platelet aggregation. Akt is phosphorylated after translocation to the membrane through Gi signaling pathways by a phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3)-dependent mechanism. However, Akt is more robustly phosphorylated by thrombin compared with adenosine 5'-diphosphate in platelets.
Mahvash A Goolam et al.
FEBS letters, 588(18), 3340-3346 (2014-08-01)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) couples to signalling pathways via intracellular loops 2 and 3, and the C-terminus. However, the requirements for signalling are largely undefined. We investigated the impacts of selected point mutations in iL-2 (F706A) and iL-3 (L797A and
Aurélie Edwards et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 307(2), F137-F146 (2014-05-23)
This study aims to understand the extent to which modulation of the Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter NKCC2 differential splicing affects NaCl delivery to the macula densa. NaCl absorption by the thick ascending limb and macula densa cells is mediated by apical NKCC2.
Yusuke Hatanaka et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16102-16102 (2015-11-05)
Late-onset neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by neurological symptoms and progressive neuronal death. Accumulating evidence suggests that neuronal dysfunction, rather than neuronal death, causes the symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanisms underlying the dysfunction that occurs prior to cell death
Gerald Z Zhuang et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0118273-e0118273 (2015-03-04)
Calcium dysregulation is causally linked with various forms of neuropathology including seizure disorders, multiple sclerosis, Huntington's disease, Alzheimer's, spinal cerebellar ataxia (SCA) and chronic pain. Carbonic anhydrase-8 (Car8) is an allosteric inhibitor of inositol trisphosphate receptor-1 (ITPR1), which regulates intracellular
Florencia A Ficarra et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125516-e0125516 (2015-05-12)
Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri colonizes its hosts through the trafficking of effector proteins to the plant cell by the type III protein secretion system. In X. citri subsp. citri, as in other plant pathogens, the hrp cluster encodes the type
Mónica Boj et al.
Biology of reproduction, 93(2), 40-40 (2015-07-03)
In marine teleosts, such as the gilthead seabream, several aquaporin paralogs are known to be expressed during the hyperosmotic induction of spermatozoon motility in seawater. Here, we used immunological inhibition of channel function to investigate the physiological roles of Aqp1aa
Ningjing Zou et al.
Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR, 34, 70-70 (2015-07-25)
The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) may be involved in the development of esophageal cancer (EC) and the polymorphic immune response gene transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) may be involved in HPV persistence and subsequent cancer carcinogenesis. The current
Francesca Fiory et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e113655-e113655 (2014-12-10)
The small scaffold protein PED/PEA-15 is involved in several different physiologic and pathologic processes, such as cell proliferation and survival, diabetes and cancer. PED/PEA-15 exerts an anti-apoptotic function due to its ability to interfere with both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic
Lei Wang et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 309(7), R757-R766 (2015-08-14)
The present study tested whether primary cilia on macula densa serve as a flow sensor to enhance nitric oxide synthase 1 (NOS1) activity and inhibit tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF). Isolated perfused macula densa was loaded with calcein red and 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate
Shanmugam Vanithamani et al.
PloS one, 10(9), e0137130-e0137130 (2015-09-05)
Leptospirosis is a re-emerging infectious disease that is under-recognized due to low-sensitivity and cumbersome serological tests. MAT is the gold standard test and it is the only serogroup specific test used till date. Rapid reliable alternative serogroup specific tests are
Ji-Hye Yun et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(6), 1294-1302 (2015-03-11)
The melanocortin receptors (MCRs) are members of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) 1 superfamily with seven transmembrane (TM) domains. Among them, the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) subtype has been highlighted recently by genetic studies in obese humans. In particular, in a
Durgesh Narain Singh et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0118075-e0118075 (2015-02-07)
Phosphoesterases are involved in the degradation of organophosphorus compounds. Although phosphomonoesterases and phosphotriesterases have been studied in detail, studies on phosphodiesterases are rather limited. In our search to find novel phosphodiesterases using metagenomic approach, we cloned a gene encoding a
Srilakshmi Yalavarthi et al.
Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.), 67(11), 2990-3003 (2015-06-23)
Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), especially those targeting β2 -glycoprotein I (β2 GPI), are well known to activate endothelial cells, monocytes, and platelets, with prothrombotic implications. In contrast, the interaction of aPL with neutrophils has not been extensively studied. Neutrophil extracellular traps
Jaime Pei Pei Foong et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(18), 7106-7115 (2015-05-08)
Acetylcholine-activating pentameric nicotinic receptors (nAChRs) are an essential mode of neurotransmission in the enteric nervous system (ENS). In this study, we examined the functional development of specific nAChR subtypes in myenteric neurons using Wnt1-Cre;R26R-GCaMP3 mice, where all enteric neurons and
Roberto Dinami et al.
Cancer research, 74(15), 4145-4156 (2014-05-31)
Telomeres consist of DNA tandem repeats that recruit the multiprotein complex shelterin to build a chromatin structure that protects chromosome ends. Although cancer formation is linked to alterations in telomere homeostasis, there is little understanding of how shelterin function is
Philip B Kidd et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(46), E6284-E6292 (2015-11-19)
All known circadian clocks have an endogenous period that is remarkably insensitive to temperature, a property known as temperature compensation, while at the same time being readily entrained by a diurnal temperature oscillation. Although temperature compensation and entrainment are defining
Yongye Huang et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 37(4), 1463-1473 (2015-10-29)
Parthenogenetic embryos are useful in many applications, such as being an alternative source of embryonic stem cells that would avoid ethical problems. Aberrance in epigenetic reprogramming is considered the major reason for the developmental failure of parthenogenetic embryos. Many histone
Pablo Albertos et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8669-8669 (2015-10-27)
Plant survival depends on seed germination and progression through post-germinative developmental checkpoints. These processes are controlled by the stress phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA). ABA regulates the basic leucine zipper transcriptional factor ABI5, a central hub of growth repression, while the
Hyun Jae Lee et al.
Pulmonary pharmacology & therapeutics, 31, 117-122 (2014-10-07)
Luteolin, a flavonoidal compound derived from Lonicera japonica Thunb. and Chrysanthemum indicum L., has been reported to show anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative and anti-carcinogenic effects. In this study, we investigated whether luteolin significantly affects the secretion, production and gene expression of airway
Changik Lee et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 93(9), 1405-1412 (2015-05-28)
In the visual cortex, synaptic plasticity is very high during the early developmental stage known as the critical period and declines with development after the critical period. Changes in the properties of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) and γ-aminobutyric acid type A
Shaoping Wu et al.
Gut, 64(7), 1082-1094 (2014-08-01)
Vitamin D and the vitamin D receptor (VDR) appear to be important immunological regulators of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Defective autophagy has also been implicated in IBD, where interestingly, polymorphisms of genes such as ATG16L1 have been associated with increased
Meerim K Nurbaeva et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 15803-15803 (2015-10-31)
Dental enamel formation requires large quantities of Ca(2+) yet the mechanisms mediating Ca(2+) dynamics in enamel cells are unclear. Store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) channels are important Ca(2+) influx mechanisms in many cells. SOCE involves release of Ca(2+) from intracellular pools
M K Quinn et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 17(46), 31177-31187 (2015-11-07)
A complete understanding of the role of molecular anisotropy in directing the self assembly of colloids and proteins remains a challenge for soft matter science and biophysics. For proteins in particular, the complexity of the surface at a molecular level
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