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Siyoung Choi et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 24, 333-342 (2015-06-15)
Breast microcalcifications are routinely explored for mammographic detection of breast cancer and are primarily composed of non-stoichiometric hydroxyapatite (Ca10-x(PO4)6-x(CO3)x(OH)2-x) (HA). Interestingly, HA morphology and carbonate substitution vary in malignant vs. benign lesions. However, whether or not these changes (i) are
Roghayeh Imani et al.
Nanoscale research letters, 10(1), 441-441 (2015-11-18)
The applications of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires (NWs) in implantable wireless devices, such as diagnostic nanobiosensors and nanobiogenerators, have recently attracted enormous attention due to their unique properties. However, for these implantable nanodevices, the biocompatibility and the ability to control the
Robert Farkaš et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e94383-e94383 (2014-04-16)
In contrast to the well defined mechanism of merocrine exocytosis, the mechanism of apocrine secretion, which was first described over 180 years ago, remains relatively uncharacterized. We identified apocrine secretory activity in the late prepupal salivary glands of Drosophila melanogaster
Alin C Ionas et al.
Environmental research, 142, 712-719 (2015-09-24)
The presence and levels of flame retardants (FRs), such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs), was determined in textile home furnishings, such as carpets and curtains from stores in Belgium. A comprehensive characterisation of FRs in
Jǖgang Wang et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0124442-e0124442 (2015-04-22)
Prunus mongolica Maxim, which is widely established in the Gobi Desert, shows extreme tolerance to drought. However, there is a lack of available transcriptomic resources for this species related to its response to water deficiency. To investigate the mechanisms that
Piyanuch Jaikaew et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 187(12), 760-760 (2015-11-20)
To estimate the potential effect of seasonal variation on the fate of herbicides in andisol soil, atrazine and metolachlor residues were investigated through the summer and winter seasons during 2013 and 2014 under field condition. The computed half-lives of atrazine
Clement J Cros et al.
Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995), 65(8), 937-947 (2015-07-28)
Nitrogen oxides (NOx) emitted from combustion processes have elevated concentrations in large urban areas. They cause a range of adverse health effects, acid rain, and are precursors to formation of other atmospheric pollutants, such as ozone, peroxyacetyl nitrate, and inorganic
Core-shell structured silicon nanoparticles@ TiO2-x/carbon mesoporous microfiber composite as a safe and high-performance lithium-ion battery anode
Jeong G, et al.
ACS Nano, 8(3), 2977-2985 (2014)
Marcia Shu-Wei Su et al.
Microbiology (Reading, England), 160(Pt 4), 795-806 (2014-02-11)
This study characterized the two-component regulatory systems encoded by bfrKRT and cemAKR, and assessed their influence on biofilm formation by Lactobacillus reuteri 100-23. A method for deletion of multiple genes was employed to disrupt the genetic loci of two-component systems.
Christoph Schell et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0129424-e0129424 (2015-06-16)
The coxsackie- and adenovirus receptor (CXADR) is a member of the immunoglobulin protein superfamily, present in various epithelial cells including glomerular epithelial cells. Beside its known function as a virus receptor, it also constitutes an integral part of cell-junctions. Previous
Sara Pantini et al.
Waste management (New York, N.Y.), 43, 37-49 (2015-07-08)
In this work, the influence of different operating conditions on the biogas production from mechanically-biologically treated (MBT) wastes is investigated. Specifically, different lab-scale anaerobic tests varying the water content (26-43% w/w up to 75% w/w), the temperature (from 20 to
Keonghee Jeon et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 119(22), 5714-5722 (2015-04-30)
Chlorinated organics are the principal and most frequently found contaminants in soil and groundwater, generating significant environmental problems. Over the past several decades, Fe-containing minerals naturally occurring in aquatic and terrestrial environments have been used as natural electron donors, which
I Zabaleta et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1387, 13-23 (2015-02-25)
An analytical method for the simultaneous determination in fish liver and muscle tissue and mussel samples of 14 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), including three perfluoroalkylsulfonates (PFSAs), seven perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs), three perfluorophosphonic acids (PFPAs) and perfluorooctanesulfonamide (PFOSA), and 10 potential precursors
Simone Hasenbein et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(15), 11327-11339 (2015-03-26)
Laboratory toxicity testing is the primary tool used for surface water environmental risk assessment; however, there are critical information gaps regarding the sublethal effects of pesticides. In 10-day exposures, we assessed the lethal and sublethal (motility and growth) toxicities of
I Vetharaniam et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(7), 3551-3563 (2015-10-07)
We modified the rumen submodel of the Molly dairy cow model to simulate the rumen of a sheep and predict its methane emissions. We introduced a rumen hydrogen (H2) pool as a dynamic variable, which (together with the microbial pool
Shan Liu et al.
Bioresource technology, 192, 682-688 (2015-06-22)
The effect of urea addition on giant reed ensilage and sequential anaerobic digestion (AD) of the ensiled giant reed was evaluated. The dry matter loss during ensilage (up to 90 days) with or without urea addition was about 1%. Addition
Qun Wu et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(3), 888-893 (2015-01-07)
This work investigated the biosynthetic mechanism of lichenysin, the newly identified nonvolatile matrix component in Chinese liquors. Transcriptomes were analyzed in three producers, Bacillus licheniformis CGMCC 3961, 3962, and 3963, which were isolated from Maotai-flavor liquor-making process and produced 386.3
Rebecca A Owens et al.
Eukaryotic cell, 14(9), 941-957 (2015-07-08)
Mechanistic studies on gliotoxin biosynthesis and self-protection in Aspergillus fumigatus, both of which require the gliotoxin oxidoreductase GliT, have revealed a rich landscape of highly novel biochemistries, yet key aspects of this complex molecular architecture remain obscure. Here we show
M Hünerberg et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(4), 1760-1766 (2015-05-29)
The objective of this study was to determine the impact of ruminal pH on methane (CH4) emission from beef cattle. Ruminal pH and CH4 data were generated in 2 experiments using 16 beef heifers offered high-forage (55% barley silage) or
Atsushi Kameyama et al.
Bio-medical materials and engineering, 25(3), 279-288 (2015-09-26)
The aim of this study was to investigate bonding effectiveness in direct restorations. A two-step self-etch adhesive and a light-cure resin composite was compared with luting with a conventional dual-cure resin cement and a two-step etch and rinse adhesive. Class-I
Antoine P Pagé et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0132062-e0132062 (2015-07-15)
The objectives of this study were to uncover Salix purpurea-microbe xenobiotic degradation systems that could be harnessed in rhizoremediation, and to identify microorganisms that are likely involved in these partnerships. To do so, we tested S. purpurea's ability to stimulate
Yu Gu et al.
Bioresource technology, 196, 116-122 (2015-08-02)
It has been proven that extrusion can change the structure of rice straw and increase biogas production, but the effect of a single pretreatment is limited. Ca(OH)2 pretreatment was used to enhance the enzyme hydrolysis and biogas production of extruded
Qi Lu et al.
Archives of animal nutrition, 69(4), 251-266 (2015-05-13)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of supplementation of cellulase and xylanase to diets of growing goats to improve nutrient digestibility, utilisation of energy and mitigation of enteric methane emissions. The experiment was conducted in a
Yu-Xin Xu et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 266-276 (2014-12-22)
Perlecan is a major heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan in the arterial wall. Previous studies have linked it to atherosclerosis. Perlecan contains a core protein and three HS side chains. Its core protein has five domains (DI-DV) with disparate structures and
Ying Zhang et al.
Biomaterials, 64, 88-97 (2015-07-01)
Autologous stem cells are a promising cell source for cartilage regeneration; however, cell replicative senescence and joint posttraumatic inflammation provide challenges in bringing this treatment modality to fruition. In this study, we hypothesized that preconditioning with p38 MAPK inhibitor (sb203580)
Tomislav Ticak et al.
Archives of microbiology, 197(2), 197-209 (2014-10-17)
Two novel strains of methanogens were isolated from an estuarine sediment with the capability to utilize quaternary amines. Based on the 16S rRNA analysis, strain B1d shared 99 % sequence identity with Methanolobus vulcani PL-12/M(T) and strain Q3c shared 99
Lynsay I Blake et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0129733-e0129733 (2015-06-18)
Although cold environments are major contributors to global biogeochemical cycles, comparatively little is known about their microbial community function, structure, and limits of activity. In this study a microcosm based approach was used to investigate the effects of temperature, and
Fuqing Xu et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 753-760 (2015-11-18)
To select a proper inoculum for the solid state anaerobic digestion (SS-AD) of yard trimmings, digestate from solid anaerobic digesters and dewatered effluent from liquid anaerobic digesters were compared at substrate-to-inoculum (S/I) ratios from 0.2 to 2 (dry basis), and
Jie-Ren Li et al.
ACS nano, 9(7), 6738-6746 (2015-06-10)
A recent finding reports that co-stimulation of the high-affinity immunoglobulin E (IgE) receptor (FcεRI) and the chemokine receptor 1 (CCR1) triggered formation of membrane nanotubes among bone-marrow-derived mast cells. The co-stimulation was attained using corresponding ligands: IgE binding antigen and
Xiaohu Dai et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 297, 320-328 (2015-06-01)
In the present study, the feasibility of hygienic treatment and energy recovery of dead animals (pork as an experimental alternative) by high solid co-digestion with vinasse under mesophilic condition was investigated. A lab-scale digester was operated for 125 days with
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