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Minmin Zhang et al.
Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry, 15(12), 2569-2574 (2014-05-23)
Liquid-crystal (LC) droplet patterns are formed on a glass slide by evaporating a solution of nematic LC dissolved in heptane. In the presence of an anionic phospholipid, 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-rac-(1-glycerol) (DOPG), the LCs display a dark cross pattern, indicating a homeotropic orientation.
Jingjing Wang et al.
Life sciences, 120, 31-38 (2014-12-03)
Myriocin is a fungal metabolite with antiviral activity, including influenza, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C viruses. We investigated whether myriocin has activity against human HSV-2, one of the most prevalent pathogens of sexually transmitted disease. Cell culture systems were used
Richie Khanna et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102092-e102092 (2014-07-19)
Pompe disease is an inherited lysosomal storage disorder that results from a deficiency in acid α-glucosidase (GAA) activity due to mutations in the GAA gene. Pompe disease is characterized by accumulation of lysosomal glycogen primarily in heart and skeletal muscles
Aline R Schindler et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 53(5), 801-808 (2014-10-03)
The parallelization of clinically relevant antigens in a microarray format is of growing importance due to the ability to measure multiple antigen-antibody interactions. With the development of a microarray for the detection of antiphospholipid antibodies we focussed on one important
Loreen O Villacorte et al.
Water research, 70, 300-312 (2014-12-30)
Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) and their precursors produced by phyto-/bacterio-planktons in fresh and marine aquatic environments are increasingly considered as a major contributor to organic/particulate and biological fouling in micro-/ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis membrane (RO) systems. However, currently established methods
Keisuke Sato et al.
Nanoscale, 6(11), 6092-6101 (2014-05-03)
Inorganic/organic hybrid radial heterojunction solar cells that combine vertically-aligned n-type silicon nanowires (SiNWs) with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene-sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) have great potential for replacing commercial Si solar cells. The chief advantage of such solar cells is that they exhibit higher absorbance for a
Thandavarayan Maiyalagan et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(15), 7849-7857 (2014-07-16)
Supported tungsten carbide is an efficient and vital nanomaterial for the development of high-performance, sensitive, and selective electrochemical sensors. In this work, tungsten carbide with tube-like nanostructures (WC NTs) supported platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) are synthesized and explored as an efficient
Fengcheng Li et al.
Bioresource technology, 130, 629-637 (2013-01-22)
Xylans are the major hemicelluloses in grasses, but their effects on biomass saccharification remain unclear. In this study, we examined the 79 representative Miscanthus accessions that displayed a diverse cell wall composition and varied biomass digestibility. Correlation analysis showed that
Wenchao Sheng et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5848-5848 (2015-01-09)
The hydrogen oxidation/evolution reactions are two of the most fundamental reactions in distributed renewable electrochemical energy conversion and storage systems. The identification of the reaction descriptor is therefore of critical importance for the rational catalyst design and development. Here we
Eshwar Jagerdeo et al.
Journal of analytical toxicology, 39(2), 83-88 (2014-11-30)
The abuse of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and its suspicion in cases of suspected drug-facilitated sexual assault is of keen interest to forensic toxicology laboratories. This paper reports an extraction, separation and detection procedure for GHB in hair utilizing a combination
N Daskalakis et al.
Environmental technology, 34(17-20), 2599-2606 (2014-02-18)
The aim of this study was to identify the heavy metals forms (exchangeable and bound to carbonate, Fe/Mn oxides, bound to organic matter and sulphide, and residual) associated with different fractions of excess sludge produced by a membrane bioreactor (MBR).
Zoe M Smith et al.
Talanta, 130, 221-225 (2014-08-28)
Previous applications of manganese(IV) as a chemiluminescence reagent have required the use of formaldehyde to enhance the emission intensity to analytically useful levels. However, this known human carcinogen (by inhalation) is not ideal for routine application. A wide range of
Margaret Simons et al.
Plant physiology, 166(3), 1659-1674 (2014-09-25)
Maize (Zea mays) is an important C4 plant due to its widespread use as a cereal and energy crop. A second-generation genome-scale metabolic model for the maize leaf was created to capture C4 carbon fixation and investigate nitrogen (N) assimilation
Xiaodan Cao et al.
Experimental parasitology, 146, 43-51 (2014-10-11)
The excretory/secretory (ES) proteins of schistosomes play important roles in modulating host immune systems and are regarded as potential vaccine candidates and drug targets. Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is an essential enzyme that is involved in disulfide bond formation and
Jessica Le Ven et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(34), 8696-8704 (2014-08-05)
Epidemiological and toxicological studies have suggested Annonaceaeous acetogenins to be environmental neurotoxins responsible for sporadic atypical parkinsonism/dementia in tropical areas. These compounds are present in the tropical genus Annona (Annonaceae), known for its fruit-yielding cultivated species such as Annona cherimolia.
J Gamble et al.
Environmental research, 35(1), 30-52 (1984-10-01)
The effects of long-term exposure to sulfuric acid mist on the teeth and respiratory system were studied in 248 workers in five plants manufacturing lead acid batteries. The prevalence of cough, phlegm, dyspnea, and wheezing as determined by questionnaire were
Henning Schliephake et al.
Journal of clinical periodontology, 42(3), 302-310 (2015-02-03)
To test the immobilization of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165 ) on the surface of titanium implants using DNA oligonucleotide (ODN) anchor strands for the ability to enhance periimplant bone formation. DNA oligonucleotides were anchored to the surface of sandblasted
Raquel Annoni et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 244-245, 335-341 (2013-01-01)
In the present study, submerged-arc welding slags were characterized by applying a variety of methods, including X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, particle size, Raman spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscope with energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The content of Al proved to be
Bin Yu et al.
The Journal of general virology, 95(Pt 7), 1564-1573 (2014-04-26)
Adenoviruses (Ads) are non-enveloped DNA viruses that have been extensively studied and used as vectors for gene therapy and several potential vaccines. There are 57 Ad serotypes in seven species (A-G), and Ad neutralizing antibody (NAb) titres can vary by
Ruchira N Wijesena et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 109, 56-63 (2014-05-13)
Chitin nanofibers have been prepared from crab shell as a chitin source using ultrasound assisted fibrillation. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) study showed that the prepared nanofibers were having diameters and lengths primarily in the range of 2-20 nm and 0.3-4
O Huetos et al.
The Science of the total environment, 493, 834-844 (2014-07-08)
This manuscript presents the levels of six indicator polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners (IUPAC nos. 28, 52, 101, 138, 153 and 180) in the serum of 1880 individuals from a representative sample of the Spanish working population recruited between March 2009
Hidenori Matsukami et al.
The Science of the total environment, 514, 492-499 (2015-02-24)
Three oligomeric organophosphorus flame retardants (o-PFRs), eight monomeric PFRs (m-PFRs), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were identified and quantified in surface soils and river sediments around the e-waste recycling area in Bui Dau, northern Vietnam. Around the
J J Lian et al.
Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research, 67(8), 1859-1866 (2013-04-13)
The efficacy and capacity of vertical-flow wetland filters on molybdenum (Mo) removal from wastewater was examined, employing reed (Phragmites australis) and cattail (Typha latifolia) as well as different adsorption granular media. Humus, cinder, modified cinder, as well as pyrite were
Biebele Abel et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 411, 43-49 (2014-06-21)
In this study, we report the use of an enzyme-based hybrid platform, which is comprised of silver island films, enzymes (HRP and AP) and high-throughput screening (HTS) microplates, to enhance the colorimetric response of enzymatic reactions. The hybrid platform was
Haibo Huang et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(10), 2760-2766 (2015-02-24)
Ethanol production from food wastes does not only solve environmental issues but also provides renewable biofuels. This study investigated the feasibility of producing ethanol from food wastes at high solids content (35%, w/w). A vacuum recovery system was developed and
Elena Pascual et al.
Journal of virology, 89(5), 2563-2574 (2014-12-19)
Bioengineering of viruses and virus-like particles (VLPs) is a well-established approach in the development of new and improved vaccines against viral and bacterial pathogens. We report here that the capsid of a major avian pathogen, infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV)
Agnieszka Kucharska et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(26), 6665-6675 (2014-08-31)
Flame retardants (FRs), such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and phosphate flame retardants (PFRs), are a diverse group of compounds that are used to improve fire safety in many consumer products, such as furniture, textiles, electronics, etc. As these compounds
Jiyeon Kim et al.
Xenotransplantation, 22(2), 144-150 (2015-02-27)
Xenotransplantation represents one of alternative candidates for allotransplantation due to the chronic shortage of suitable human tissues; however, many obstacles remain. Expression and release of endogenous retroviral antigens by porcine cells after transplantation may evoke adverse immune responses in human
D Draganescu et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 72, 614-623 (2014-09-23)
Flaxseed lignans are a natural source of useful biologically active components that show a diverse spectrum of health-promoting properties. The valuable effects of the phenolic molecules are mainly due to their antioxidant activity by preventing oxidative stress and stimulate collagen
Björn Harink et al.
Electrophoresis, 36(3), 475-484 (2014-09-30)
We present here a screening method based on a microfluidic platform, which can generate four orthogonal and overlapping concentration gradients of soluble compounds over a monolayer of cells, in combination with automated and in situ image analysis, for use in
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