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Efficient dye-sensitized solar cells for direct conversion of sunlight to electricity
Dye-sensitized solar cells directly convert sunlight to electricity
Organic Dyes for Efficient and Stable Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Over the last decade, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have attracted much attention because these unconventional solar cells exhibit high performance and have the potential for low-cost production.
Synthesis of ZnO Aggregates and Their Application in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
One of the more traditional photovoltaic devices, single crystalline silicon solar cells were invented more than 50 years ago, currently make up 94% of the market. Single crystalline silicon solar cells operate on the principle of p-n junctions formed by
A Review of Mesoporous TiO2 Thin Films
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is an important n-type semiconducting material that shows interesting characteristics such as photoswitchable surface wettability, high photocatalytic activity, bistable electrical resistance states and high electron drift mobility.
Few Monolayer Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) on Surfaces and Interfaces for Energy Applications
Few Monolayer Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) on Surfaces and Interfaces for Energy Applications
Materials for Clean H2 Production from Bioethanol Reforming
Hydrogen is one of the most important resources in providing food, fuel, and chemical products for our everyday life. Sustainable catalytic hydrogen production from bioethanol has gained significant attention in recent years due to globally diminishing fossil fuel supplies, which
Graphene-Based Composites and their Unique Renewable Energy Applications
Graphene is a unique two-dimensional (2D) structure of monolayer carbon atoms packed into a dense honeycomb crystal that has attracted great interest due to its diverse and fascinating properties.
Highly Efficient Nanoscale Inorganic Light Harvesters for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells
Since the first report of the low-cost dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) in 1991 by Gratzel and his coworker,1 dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) has been regarded as one of the most promising photovoltaic technologies because of their transparent and colorful characteristics
Ruthenium-based dyes for Dye-sensitized Solar Cells
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) are 3rd generation solar cells combining the promise of high efficiency with low production costs.
Inverted Organic Photovoltaic Devices Using Zinc Oxide Nanocomposites as Electron Transporting Layer Materials
Organic photovoltaics (OPVs) represent a low-cost, lightweight, and scalable alternative to conventional solar cells. While significant progress has been made in the development of conventional bulk heterojunction cells, new approaches are required to achieve the performance and stability necessary to
A Review of Mesoporous TiO2 Thin Films
In this paper, we discuss recent advances in the preparation of various TiO2 porous structures via hard and soft-templating routes. Specifically, we focus on recent developments in TiO2 mesoporous thin films in a combined sol-gel and evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) process.
Energy Harvesting Using Lead Zirconium Titanate-Based Ceramic Nanowires
Among various ceramics, one-dimensional (1-D) piezoelectric ceramics have attracted significant scientific attention for use in energy harvesting.
Understanding and Successfully Applying Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
While dye sensitization as the basis for color photography has been accepted for a very long time,1 attempts to use this principle for the conversion of solar light to electricity generally had resulted only in very low photocurrents, below 100
Titania Nanotubes: Synthesis and Applications
Electronically, it behaves as a wide band gap (3.2 eV) semiconductor and exhibits memristor properties.2 Optically, TiO2 has high opacity with a very high refractive index3 (>2.4), and it exhibits strong absorbance in the UV range.
Molybdenum Disulfide: Understanding Hydrogen Evolution Catalysis
The production of hydrogen by catalytic water splitting is important for a wide range of industries including renewable energy petroleum refining and for the production of methanol and ammonia in the chemical industry.
Thiolated gold nanoclusters: A new class of photosensitizers
The past several decades have seen major advancements in the synthesis of metal nanomaterials. Most recently, controlled synthesis has become versatile enough to regulate the exact number of atoms and ligands of very small metal nanoparticles, referred to as “clusters”.
Ultra-High Efficiency Perovskite-Perovskite Tandem Solar Cells
Next generation solar cells have the potential to achieve conversion efficiencies beyond the Shockley-Queisser (S-Q) limit while also significantly lowering production costs.
Perovskite Solar Cells
Dr. Perini and Professor Correa-Baena discuss the latest research and effort to obtain higher performance and stability of perovskite materials.
Recent Advances in Hybrid Halide Perovskites-based Solar Cells
For several decades, the need for an environmentally sustainable and commercially viable source of energy has driven extensive research aimed at achieving high efficiency power generation systems that can be manufactured at low cost.