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Gwendolyn Barceló-Coblijn et al.
Progress in lipid research, 48(6), 355-374 (2009-07-22)
There is little doubt regarding the essential nature of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), yet the capacity of dietary ALA to maintain adequate tissue levels of long chain n-3 fatty acids remains quite controversial. This simple point remains highly debated despite evidence...
Dong Chang et al.
Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 33(5), 406-411 (2014-08-01)
To evaluate and compare the levels of free fatty acids between senile cataract patients and normal controls. Fifty consecutive patients with newly diagnosed senile cataract and 50 age- and gender-matched controls were evaluated. Subjects/patients were randomized according to selection criteria....
Xiaojuan Wang et al.
BMC genomics, 13, 716-716 (2012-12-22)
Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L., Euphorbiaceae) is a potential oilseed crop because the seeds of this plant are rich in unsaturated fatty acids (FAs). In particular, the fatty acid composition of its seed oil differs markedly in containing large quantities...
Yaping Zhang et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 437, 31-37 (2014-07-13)
Changes in the levels of lipids are associated with breast cancer (BC). Disease-specific serum free fatty acids (FFAs) were quantified using chip-based direct-infusion nanoelectrospray ionization-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (CBDInanoESI-FTICR MS) in the negative ion mode. Multiple point...
Kathrine B Christensen et al.
Journal of natural products, 72(5), 933-937 (2009-04-21)
Thiazolidinediones are insulin sensitizing drugs that target the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma. An n-hexane extract of the flowers of Echinacea purpurea was found to activate PPARgamma without stimulating adipocyte differentiation. Bioassay-guided fractionations yielded five alkamides, of which one was...
Fabiana Carbonera et al.
Food chemistry, 148, 230-234 (2013-11-23)
This study evaluated the effect of the dietary replacement of sunflower oil with perilla oil in Nile tilapia (GIFT strain) at 0, 10, 20 and 30 days. There was an increase in total omega 3 fatty acids (n-3) in muscle...
Delfin Rodriguez-Leyva et al.
The Canadian journal of cardiology, 26(9), 489-496 (2010-11-16)
Preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) with nutritional interventions is a therapeutic strategy that may warrant greater research attention. The increased use of omega (ω)-3 fatty acids is a powerful example of one such nutritional strategy that may produce...
G C Burdge
Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids, 75(3), 161-168 (2006-07-11)
Alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3) is essential in the human diet, probably because it is the substrate for the synthesis of longer-chain, more unsaturated n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) which are required for tissue function. This article...
Jung-Ah Shin et al.
Journal of food science, 78(1), C17-C24 (2013-01-03)
Modified butterfats (MBFs) were produced by lipase-catalyzed interesterification with 2 substrate blends (6:6:8 and 4:6:10, by weight) of anhydrous butterfat (ABF), palm stearin, and flaxseed oil in a stirred-batch type reactor after short path distillation. The 6:6:8 and 4:6:10 MBF...
Ju-Sheng Zheng et al.
BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 346, f3706-f3706 (2013-07-03)
To investigate the association between intake of fish and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and the risk of breast cancer and to evaluate the potential dose-response relation. Meta-analysis and systematic review of prospective cohort studies. PubMed and Embase up...
Alan A Hennessy et al.
Lipids, 46(2), 105-119 (2010-12-17)
The bioactive properties of the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers have long been recognised and are the subject of a number of excellent reviews. However, despite this prominence the CLA isomers are not the only group of naturally occurring dietary...
Leah G Gillingham et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 97(1), 195-207 (2012-12-12)
Desaturation of dietary α-linolenic acid (ALA) to omega-3 (n-3) long-chain fatty acids (FAs) is mediated through FA desaturases (FADS1-FADS2) and may be influenced by dietary FA composition. We investigated the effects of diets enriched in flaxseed oil (FXCO) or high-oleic...
Eoin Barrett et al.
PloS one, 7(11), e48159-e48159 (2012-11-28)
The aim of this study was to compare the impact of dietary supplementation with a Bifidobacterium breve strain together with linoleic acid & α-linolenic acid, for 7 weeks, on colonic sensitivity and fatty acid metabolism in rats. Maternally separated and...
Diet and atrial fibrillation: does α-linolenic acid, a plant derived essential fatty acid, have an impact?
Devera W Kastner et al.
Journal of the American Heart Association, 2(1), e000030-e000030 (2013-03-26)
Marion Carayol et al.
Cancer causes & control : CCC, 21(3), 347-355 (2009-11-19)
Individual-based studies that investigated the relation between dietary alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) intake and prostate cancer risk have shown inconsistent results. We carried out a meta-analysis of prospective studies to examine this association. We systematically searched studies published up to December...
Tasja Kälber et al.
The Journal of dairy research, 80(1), 81-88 (2012-12-21)
Fresh buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) and chicory (Cichorium intybus) had been shown to have the potential to improve certain milk quality traits when fed as forages to dairy cows. However, the process of ensiling might alter these properties. In the present...
Yang Liu et al.
Neurochemical research, 39(9), 1797-1808 (2014-07-27)
Alpha-linolenic acid (LIN) has been shown to provide neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia. LIN is a potent activator of TREK-1 channel and LIN-induced neuroprotection disappears in Trek1-/- mice, suggesting that this channel is directly related to the LIN-induced resistance of...
Maria Azrad et al.
PloS one, 7(12), e53104-e53104 (2013-01-04)
Previous observational studies have reported associations between prostate cancer and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). However, few investigations have been able to study this relationship prospectively and in well-controlled settings. Moreover, no studies have determined whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that influence...
Sivaprakash Ramalingam et al.
Current gene therapy, 14(6), 461-472 (2014-09-24)
Generation and precise genetic correction of patient-derived hiPSCs have great potential in regenerative medicine. Such targeted genetic manipulations can now be achieved using gene-editing nucleases. Here, we report generation of cystic fibrosis (CF) and Gaucher's disease (GD) hiPSCs respectively from...
Svetlana S Gorina et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1841(9), 1227-1233 (2014-05-28)
Enzymes of the CYP74 family, including the divinyl ether synthase (DES), play important roles in plant cell signalling and defence. The potent DES activities have been detected before in the leaves of the meadow buttercup (Ranunculus acris L.) and few...
Amanda N Carey et al.
Nutritional neuroscience, 16(1), 13-20 (2013-01-17)
Previous research from our lab has demonstrated that dietary walnut supplementation protects against age-related cognitive declines in rats; however, the cellular mechanisms by which walnuts and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may affect neuronal health and functioning in aging are undetermined....
M C Simon et al.
Clinical and experimental immunology, 172(3), 383-393 (2013-04-23)
Fatty acids, uric acid and glucose are thought to contribute to subclinical inflammation associated with diabetes mellitus. We tested whether co-incubation of free fatty acids and uric acid or glucose influences the secretion of immune mediators from stimulated human whole...
A P Moloney et al.
Meat science, 95(3), 608-615 (2013-06-29)
The effect of type of silage offered to beef heifers during the finishing period on aspects of beef quality was determined. In two experiments, a diet based on grass silage (GS) was compared with a diet based on maize silage...
Arjen VanDoorn et al.
BMC plant biology, 10, 164-164 (2010-08-11)
Some plants distinguish mechanical wounding from herbivore attack by recognizing specific constituents of larval oral secretions (OS) which are introduced into plant wounds during feeding. Fatty acid-amino acid conjugates (FACs) are major constituents of Manduca sexta OS and strong elicitors...
F Nannicini et al.
Minerva cardioangiologica, 54(4), 431-442 (2006-10-04)
Over the last decades, an increasing body of evidence has been accumulated on the beneficial effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids both in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, the vast majority of the studies has been performed on...
Botond Borcsa et al.
Fitoterapia, 82(3), 365-368 (2010-11-16)
Processed aconite drugs are widely used in Eastern medicine as painkillers and antirheumatic agents. It is known that the traditional processing of aconite drugs increases the amount of lipo-alkaloids. In order to obtain information about the pharmacological potential of these...
Sarthak Matravadia et al.
American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 307(1), E102-E114 (2014-05-23)
The therapeutic use of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in preserving insulin sensitivity has gained interest in recent decades; however, the roles of linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) remain poorly understood. We investigated the efficacy of diets enriched with...
Amanda M Fretts et al.
The British journal of nutrition, 112(7), 1206-1213 (2014-08-28)
Previous studies have suggested that long-chain n-3 fatty acids derived from seafood are associated with a lower risk of mortality, CHD and stroke. Whether α-linolenic acid (ALA, 18 : 3n-3), a plant-derived long-chain essential n-3 fatty acid, is associated with a lower...
James A Emery et al.
PloS one, 8(2), e57463-e57463 (2013-03-06)
It is generally accepted that, in vertebrates, omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) compete for Δ-6 desaturase enzyme in order to be bioconverted into long-chain PUFA (LC-PUFA). However, recent studies into teleost fatty acid metabolism suggest that...
Richa Rathod et al.
Brain & development, 36(10), 853-863 (2014-01-15)
The consequences of wide spread vegetarianism due to low vitamin B12 on brain development and functioning is gaining importance. However, there are no studies which have evaluated exclusively vitamin B12 supplementation during pregnancy on brain growth. A series of our...
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