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Chandrika Canugovi et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 36(2), 1007-1012 (2014-12-03)
Oxidative DNA damage accumulation has been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. The base excision repair pathway is a primary responder to oxidative DNA damage. Effects of loss of base excision repair on normal brain
Tongbao Feng et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(8), 5987-5997 (2015-03-04)
Studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the malignant progression of human cancer. However, little is known about the potential role of miRNAs in breast carcinogenesis. miR-124 expression in breast cancer tissue was measured by quantitative real-time PCR
María Gutiérrez-Fernández et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 93(5), 806-814 (2014-12-20)
Angiotensin type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) have induced improved functional recovery and reduced infarct volume in experimental animal models of stroke. Clinical data have indicated a positive correlation between prestroke treatment with ARBs and reduced stroke severity and better outcomes;
Piia Takabe et al.
Experimental cell research, 337(1), 1-15 (2015-07-30)
Malignant skin melanoma is one of the most deadly human cancers. Extracellular matrix (ECM) influences the growth of malignant tumors by modulating tumor cells adhesion and migration. Hyaluronan is an essential component of the ECM, and its amount is altered
Rana Tarzemany et al.
PloS one, 10(1), e0115524-e0115524 (2015-01-15)
Connexins (C×s) are a family of transmembrane proteins that form hemichannels and gap junctions (GJs) on the cell membranes, and transfer small signaling molecules between the cytoplasm and extracellular space and between connecting cells, respectively. Among C×s, suppressing C×43 expression
Qing Xie et al.
Biomaterials, 66, 67-82 (2015-07-22)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been extensively applied in the field of tissue regeneration. MSCs derived from various tissues exhibit different characteristics. In this study, a cluster of cells were isolated from human ethmoid sinus mucosa membrane and termed as
R V D'Elia et al.
International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology, 27(4), 585-595 (2015-01-13)
Francisella tularensis is a Gram-negative intracellular bacterium that can cause acute disease in mouse models of infection when administered via the inhalational route. The immune response to a pulmonary infection is typified by an initial lack of pro-inflammatory cytokines, followed
Miriam Weber et al.
Tissue engineering. Part C, Methods, 21(8), 832-840 (2015-02-06)
Heart valves are elaborate and highly heterogeneous structures of the circulatory system. Despite the well accepted relationship between the structural and mechanical anisotropy and the optimal function of the valves, most approaches to create tissue-engineered heart valves (TEHVs) do not
K Kluckova et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1749-e1749 (2015-05-08)
Respiratory complex II (CII, succinate dehydrogenase, SDH) inhibition can induce cell death, but the mechanistic details need clarification. To elucidate the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation upon the ubiquinone-binding (Qp) site blockade, we substituted CII subunit C (SDHC)
Katja Karjalainen et al.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 21(13), 3041-3051 (2015-03-18)
The IL11 receptor (IL11R) is an established molecular target in primary tumors of bone, such as osteosarcoma, and in secondary bone metastases from solid tumors, such as prostate cancer. However, its potential role in management of hematopoietic malignancies has not
Nicolas Derive et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 211(3), 517-532 (2015-11-11)
The presence of DNA double-strand breaks during mitosis is particularly challenging for the cell, as it produces broken chromosomes lacking a centromere. This situation can cause genomic instability resulting from improper segregation of the broken fragments into daughter cells. We
Sebastian Trousil et al.
Cancer research, 74(23), 6867-6877 (2014-10-01)
Metabolic rearrangements subsequent to malignant transformation are not well characterized in endometrial cancer. Identification of altered metabolites could facilitate imaging-guided diagnosis, treatment surveillance, and help to identify new therapeutic options. Here, we used high-resolution magic angle spinning magnetic resonance mass
Brian B Graham et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 309(5), L435-L440 (2015-06-28)
In severe pulmonary hypertension (SPH), prior studies have shown an increase in right ventricle (RV) uptake of glucose, but it is unclear whether there is a change in the relative utilization of fatty acids. We hypothesized that in the RV
Toko Maehara et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 172(4), 1136-1147 (2014-11-08)
Post-operative ileus (POI) is induced by intestinal inflammation. Here, we aimed to clarify the effects of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists against POI. We administered three 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, ondansetron, tropisetron and palonosetron, to a mouse model of POI induced by surgical
Xiaolan Deng et al.
Oncotarget, 6(34), 35173-35182 (2015-10-16)
Inner centromere protein (INCENP) is a part of a protein complex known as the chromosomal passenger complex (CPC) that is essential for correcting non-bipolar chromosome attachments and for cytokinesis. We here demonstrate that a protein arginine methyltransferase PRMT1, which are
Katherine S Yang et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 10129-10129 (2015-05-20)
Targeting DNA repair pathways is a powerful strategy to treat cancers. To gauge efficacy in vivo, typical response markers include late stage effects such as tumor shrinkage, progression free survival, or invasive repeat biopsies. These approaches are often difficult to
Emily Warshauer et al.
Experimental dermatology, 24(8), 618-622 (2015-05-06)
Alopecia-neurological defects-endocrinopathy (ANE) syndrome is a rare inherited hair disorder, which was shown to result from decreased expression of the RNA-binding motif protein 28 (RBM28). In this study, we attempted to delineate the role of RBM28 in hair biology. First
Allen D Nicholson et al.
Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 219(5), 977-987 (2014-08-16)
Bcl-2 has been implicated in the development and progression of a number of cancers including colorectal cancer. Reports of Bcl-2 expression in colorectal cancer and patient outcomes have been inconsistent due to small cohorts and semi-quantitative grading methods. We used
Marilena P Etna et al.
ALTEX, 31(4), 397-406 (2014-05-21)
Among the tuberculosis (TB) vaccine candidates, SO2 is the prototype of the first live-attenuated vaccine that recently entered into clinical trials. To investigate the capacity of SO2 to stimulate an appropriate immune response in vitro within a human immunological context
Regina Nostramo et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 308(6), R517-R529 (2015-01-16)
The involvement of the nonclassical renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in the adrenomedullary response to stress is unclear. Therefore, we examined basal and immobilization stress (IMO)-triggered changes in gene expression of the classical and nonclassical RAS receptors in the rat adrenal medulla
Anita Sahu-Osen et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(1), 109-121 (2014-11-26)
CGI-58/ABHD5 coactivates adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). In adipocytes, CGI-58 binds to perilipin 1A on lipid droplets under basal conditions, preventing interaction with ATGL. Upon activation of protein kinase A (PKA), perilipin 1A is phosphorylated and CGI-58 rapidly disperses into the
Bao-hua Hou et al.
FEBS letters, 589(17), 2224-2232 (2015-07-08)
This study was aimed to investigate miR-216a expression in pancreatic cancer and determine its effects on proliferation. miR-216a was found downregulated in pancreatic cancer tissues as compared to benign pancreatic lesions. JAK2 was identified as a miR-216a gene target. Further
Monica K VanKlompenberg et al.
BMC cancer, 15, 457-457 (2015-06-08)
The Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) tumor suppressor is mutated or hypermethylated in up to 70% of sporadic breast cancers depending on subtype; however, the effects of APC mutation on tumorigenic properties remain unexplored. Using the ApcMin/+ mouse crossed to the
Sarah E Allison et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 96(4), 306-314 (2015-06-13)
Metastasis is the major cause of death in cancer patients. Elevated expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is observed in many human cancers and over-production of downstream prostaglandins (PGs) has been shown to stimulate metastasis. A role for increased PGE2 production has
Nicola Mosca et al.
Molecular biology reports, 42(8), 1333-1340 (2015-04-26)
Dicer is central to small RNA silencing pathways, thus playing an important role in physiological and pathological states. Recently, a number of mutations in dicer gene have been identified in diverse types of cancer, implicating Dicer in oncogenic cooperation. Here
Sayid Shafi Zuhur et al.
Neuro endocrinology letters, 36(2), 165-170 (2015-06-14)
To determine immunohistochemical expression of Eag1 in pituitary adenomas of patients with acromegaly and to assess the correlation between Eag1 expression with cavernous sinus invasion, tumoral Ki-67 labeling index (LI), age and gender of the patients. The paraffin embedded pituitary
Duraisamy Ponnusamy et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(5), 2065-2081 (2015-03-11)
The identification of new virulence factors in Yersinia pestis and understanding their molecular mechanisms during an infection process are necessary in designing a better vaccine or to formulate an appropriate therapeutic intervention. By using a high-throughput, signature-tagged mutagenic approach, we
Jake Chng et al.
mAbs, 7(2), 403-412 (2015-01-27)
Linking the heavy chain (HC) and light chain (LC) genes required for monoclonal antibodies (mAb) production on a single cassette using 2A peptides allows control of LC and HC ratio and reduces non-expressing cells. Four 2A peptides derived from the
Maria Q Gaunsbaek et al.
ORL; journal for oto-rhino-laryngology and its related specialties, 76(5), 288-301 (2014-12-17)
To investigate the presence of surfactant protein (SP) A, B, C and D in nasal airways and to determine whether the proteins exert their main functions in nasal secretions or in the deeper layers of the nasal mucosa. Volunteers were
Hiroki Kobayashi et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 467(1), 121-127 (2015-09-26)
Combining glycolytic inhibition with other anti-cancer therapies is a potential approach to treating cancer. In this context, we attempted to identify genes that determine sensitivity to 2-deoxyglucose (2DG), a glycolytic inhibitor, in cancer cells using pooled shRNA libraries targeting ∼15,000
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