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Shanmugam Vanithamani et al.
PloS one, 10(9), e0137130-e0137130 (2015-09-05)
Leptospirosis is a re-emerging infectious disease that is under-recognized due to low-sensitivity and cumbersome serological tests. MAT is the gold standard test and it is the only serogroup specific test used till date. Rapid reliable alternative serogroup specific tests are
Y Wu et al.
Clinical and experimental immunology, 179(2), 277-293 (2014-09-18)
The role of NOD-like receptor family (NLRP3) has been confirmed in various inflammatory diseases. The association between NLRP3 and hyper-bileacidaemia during the sepsis remains unclear. We aimed to investigate whether NLRP3 silencing protects against the sepsis-induced hyper-bileacidaemia. Sepsis was induced
Kevin S Jones et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109303-e109303 (2014-10-08)
The dysfunction of parvalbumin-positive, fast-spiking interneurons (FSI) is considered a primary contributor to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SZ), but deficits in FSI physiology have not been explicitly characterized. We show for the first time, that a widely-employed model of schizophrenia
I Dransfield et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1646-e1646 (2015-02-20)
Billions of inflammatory leukocytes die and are phagocytically cleared each day. This regular renewal facilitates the normal termination of inflammatory responses, suppressing pro-inflammatory mediators and inducing their anti-inflammatory counterparts. Here we investigate the role of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)
Jeanne Doré et al.
The New phytologist, 208(4), 1169-1187 (2015-07-15)
Extracellular proteins play crucial roles in the interaction between mycorrhizal fungi and their environment. Computational prediction and experimental detection allowed identification of 869 proteins constituting the exoproteome of Hebeloma cylindrosporum. Small secreted proteins (SSPs) and carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) were the
Xian-En Zhao et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 995-996, 15-23 (2015-05-30)
Multi-analytes simultaneous monitoring of amino acid and monoamine neurotransmitters (NTs) has important scientific significance for their related pathology, physiology and drug screening. In this work, in virtue of a mass spectrometry sensitizing reagent 10-ethyl-acridone-3-sulfonyl chloride (EASC) as derivatization reagent, an
Yasmin M Vasquez et al.
Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.), 29(3), 421-433 (2015-01-15)
The forkhead box O1A (FOXO1) is an early-induced target of the protein kinase A pathway during the decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs). In this study we identified the cistrome and transcriptome of FOXO1 and its role as a
Alexander E Sorochinsky et al.
Amino acids, 45(5), 1017-1033 (2013-09-18)
This review provides a comprehensive treatment of literature data dealing with asymmetric synthesis of α-amino-β-hydroxy and α,β-diamino acids via homologation of chiral Ni(II) complexes of glycine Schiff bases using aldol and Mannich-type reactions. These reactions proceed with synthetically useful chemical
Naomi L Kruhlak et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 18(2-3), 217-227 (2008-01-01)
ABSTRACT Drug-induced phospholipidosis (PL) is a condition characterized by the accumulation of phospholipids and drug in lysosomes, and is found in a variety of tissue types. PL is frequently manifested in preclinical studies and may delay or prevent the development
Salman S Atshan et al.
Frontiers in microbiology, 6, 524-524 (2015-06-20)
Staphylococcus aureus is well known for its biofilm formation with rapid emergence of new clones circulating worldwide. The main objectives of the study were (1) to identify possible differences in protein expression among various and closely related clonal types of
A N Fonteh et al.
Amino acids, 32(2), 213-224 (2006-10-13)
Our aim was to determine changes in free amino acid (FAA) and dipeptide (DP) concentrations in probable Alzheimer's disease (pAD) subjects compared with control (CT) subjects using liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS2). We recruited gender- and
Montse Raro et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(16), 8373-8380 (2015-07-23)
The use of untargeted metabolomics for the discovery of markers is a promising and virtually unexplored tool in the doping control field. Hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight (QTOF) and hybrid quadrupole Orbitrap (Q Exactive) mass spectrometers, coupled to ultrahigh pressure liquid chromatography
Jason P Awe et al.
Stem cells translational medicine, 4(2), 136-145 (2015-01-13)
Autologous human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) should allow cellular therapeutics without an associated immune response. This concept has been controversial since the original report that syngeneic mouse iPSCs elicited an immune response after transplantation. However, an investigative analysis of
Martina Perin et al.
The Journal of physiology, 592(19), 4277-4295 (2014-08-03)
Diurnal release of the orexin neuropeptides orexin-A (Ox-A, hypocretin-1) and orexin-B (Ox-B, hypocretin-2) stabilises arousal, regulates energy homeostasis and contributes to cognition and learning. However, whether cellular correlates of brain plasticity are regulated through orexins, and whether they do so
Jhi Biau Foo et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14, 197-197 (2014-06-21)
Dillenia suffruticosa root dichloromethane extract (DCM-DS) has been reported to exhibit strong cytotoxicity towards breast cancer cells. The present study was designed to investigate the cell cycle profile, mode of cell death and signalling pathways of DCM-DS-treated human caspase-3 deficient
Ma Paz Lorenzo et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 107, 480-487 (2015-02-14)
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. It is affecting approximately up to 14% of all pregnancies with an increasing tendency. GDM has been related to relevant short-term and long-term health
Zhihui Wang et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 1053-1053 (2015-12-15)
Plant bZIP proteins characteristically harbor a highly conserved bZIP domain with two structural features: a DNA-binding basic region and a leucine (Leu) zipper dimerization region. They have been shown to be diverse transcriptional regulators, playing crucial roles in plant development
Hillary E Hoffman et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 52(19), 6032-6041 (2009-10-02)
Mammalian serine racemase (SR) is a pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP) dependent enzyme responsible for the biosynthesis of the neurotransmitter D-serine, which activates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the CNS. Aberrant regulation of NMDA receptor signaling has been implicated in a variety of neuropathologies
C Härnryd et al.
Psychopharmacology, 64(2), 131-134 (1979-08-08)
The effect of ECT on concentrations of monoamine metabolites in lumbar CSF of psychotic women with a schizophrenic symptomatology was examined. After a series of ECT there was a significant reduction of the concentration of the major noradrenaline metabolite, MOPEG.
Anders A Jensen et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 50(19), 4616-4629 (2007-08-29)
The pharmacological properties of bisquaternary caracurine V, iso-caracurine V, and pyrazino[1,2-a;4,5-a']diindole analogues and of the neuromuscular blocking agents alcuronium and toxiferine I have been characterized at numerous ligand-gated ion channels. Several of the analogues are potent antagonists of the homomeric
Erzsebet Paszti-Gere et al.
Inflammation, 38(2), 775-783 (2014-08-07)
The effect of oxidative stress on barrier integrity and localization of transmembrane serine proteinase 2 (TMPRSS2) were studied using porcine epithelial IPEC-J2 cells on membrane inserts. Increased paracellular permeability of FITC-dextran 4 kDa (fluorescence intensity 43,508 ± 2,391 versus 3,550
Jie Liu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 465(2), 245-248 (2015-08-10)
The relation between the activity of the sperm specific glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDS) and the motility of sperms in diabetic men was investigated. It was found that the mean value of GAPDS activity and sperm motility in diabetic sperm samples is
Sijie Zhao et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(5), 6612-6616 (2015-09-10)
Cryoinjury, or injury caused by extremely low temperatures, can occur in corneal endothelial cells (CECs) and lead to visual impairment. However, the mechanism of cryoinjury in CECs is not clear. The Stk11‑p53 signaling pathway regulates the proliferation and division of
Children with severe asthma have unique oxidative stress-associated metabolomic profiles.
Anne M Fitzpatrick et al.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology, 133(1), 258-261 (2013-12-29)
Rengasamy Palanivel et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 63(10), 1363-1373 (2014-08-12)
Adiponectin is known to confer its cardioprotective effects in obesity and type 2 diabetes, mainly by regulating glucose and fatty acid metabolism in cardiomyocytes. Dynamic actin cytoskeleton remodeling is involved in regulation of multiple biological functions, including glucose uptake. Here
Lei Cheng et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 12829-12829 (2015-08-05)
The kidney distal convoluted tubule (DCT) plays an essential role in maintaining body sodium balance and blood pressure. The major sodium reabsorption pathway in the DCT is the thiazide-sensitive NaCl cotransporter (NCC), whose functions can be modulated by the hormone
Chiho Kim et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(51), 36717-36732 (2013-11-16)
Calpains are a family of calcium-dependent cysteine proteases that are ubiquitously expressed in mammals and play critical roles in neuronal death by catalyzing substrate proteolysis. Here, we developed two-dimensional gel electrophoresis-based protease proteomics to identify putative calpain substrates. To accomplish
Ting-Ting Hou et al.
Neural regeneration research, 10(4), 644-650 (2015-07-15)
Studies have shown that exercise interventions can improve functional recovery after spinal cord injury, but the mechanism of action remains unclear. To investigate the mechanism, we established a unilateral corticospinal tract injury model in rats by pyramidotomy, and used a
Yu-Cai He et al.
Bioresource technology, 182, 98-102 (2015-02-16)
To reduce dependence on the expensive cofactor and effectively biotransform ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate, L-glutamine and glycine were found to enhance the content of intracellular NADH and the reductase activity. Adding the mixture of 200 mM of L-glutamine and 500 mM of
Yan Li et al.
Cell research, 25(11), 1237-1249 (2015-09-24)
The newly-emerging Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) can cause severe and fatal acute respiratory disease in humans. Despite global efforts, the potential for an associated pandemic in the future cannot be excluded. The development of effective counter-measures is urgent.
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