Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(4), 1925-1936 (2012-07-11)
α-HCH, β-HCH, and γ-HCH (lindane) were listed as persistent organic pollutants in the Stockholm Convention. Therefore, they need to be globally addressed including the wastes remaining from historic use and production. While at most lindane production sites the unintentionally produced
Agent Orange, an herbicide widely used during the Vietnam War, has been linked to various health risks, including urologic malignancy. Exposed veterans are at risk for prostate cancer and may be entitled to compensation if diagnosed with prostate cancer. Current
Occupational and environmental medicine, 67(1), 24-31 (2009-09-09)
A retrospective cohort study was conducted in two chlorophenoxy herbicide manufacturing factories, producing mainly 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (factory A) and 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid, 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxy propanoic acid and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (factory B). Previously, we have shown elevated risks for mortality and cancer mortality
Representations and reproductive hazards of Agent Orange.
Leslie J Reagan
The Journal of law, medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 39(1), 54-61 (2011-02-15)
Letter to the editor and response. Re: Production of illicit drugs, the environment, and human health, J of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine 2009;72 (15-16).
Jaime G Gomez
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 73(9), 581-581 (2010-04-15)
Annals of epidemiology, 20(6), 421-427 (2010-05-18)
Men and women serving in the U.S. military are exposed to diverse agents that may affect their health, causing injury and disease while they are in the service or after discharge. This case study addresses the compensation of veterans for
On Agent Orange in Vietnam.
Richard W Clapp et al.
American journal of public health, 104(10), 1860-1861 (2014-08-15)
No association between Agent Orange exposure and monoclonal gammopathies.
Jignesh G Parikh et al.
Annals of hematology, 91(8), 1315-1316 (2011-12-14)
Nihon eiseigaku zasshi. Japanese journal of hygiene, 67(3), 363-374 (2012-07-12)
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are a group of chemical substances that have the common properties of resistance to biodegradation, wide-range transportation, high lipophilicity, bioaccumulation in fat, and biomagnification in the food chain. POPs are persistent in the environment worldwide and
Association between agent orange exposure and nonmelanotic invasive skin cancer: a pilot study.
Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 135(1), 233e-234e (2014-12-30)
Journal of environmental health, 73(5), 14-17 (2010-12-31)
This article reviews significant environmental health projects conducted by the Pennsylvania Department of Health, particularly the Division of Environmental Health, during the 1980s. The authors describe lessons learned from dealing with health concerns related to the Vietnam War, Three Mile
Annals of epidemiology, 21(9), 673-687 (2011-03-29)
In 1979, the U.S. Air Force announced that an epidemiologic study would be undertaken to determine whether the Air Force personnel involved in Operation Ranch Hand-the program responsible for herbicide spraying in Vietnam-had experienced adverse health effects as a result
Science and law. When scientific research and legal practice collide.
R Camilli et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6102), 1608-1609 (2012-09-29)
Military medicine, 176(7 Suppl), 35-40 (2011-09-16)
This article makes the case that current Agent Orange compensation policy for Vietnam War veterans is based neither wholly upon scientific findings about Agent Orange health effects nor on pure public health policy considerations. Rather, it is the logical culmination
Chicken and duck eggs collected from three different areas in Vietnam were examined for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). These regions included a background area, an area sprayed with Agent Orange and the Bien Hoa airbase area where Agent Orange
Military medicine, 176(7 Suppl), 29-34 (2011-09-16)
Serum dioxin studies of Vietnam (VN) veterans, military historical records of tactical herbicide use in Vietnam, and the compelling evidence of the photodegradation of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and other aspects of environmental fate and low bioavailability of TCDD are consistent with
Some fumigants, the herbicides 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T, chlorinated dibenzodioxins and miscellaneous industrial chemicals.
IARC monographs on the evaluation of the carcinogenic risk of chemicals to man, 15, 1-354 (1977-08-01)
Agent Orange (AO) exposure (AOe) is a potential risk factor for the development of prostate cancer (PCa). However, it is unknown whether AOe specifically increases the risk of lethal PCa. The objective of this study was to determine the association
The current level of dioxin pollution in the area of large-scale spraying of Agent Orange in Vietnam.
E S Brodsky et al.
Doklady biological sciences : proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological sciences sections, 429, 526-530 (2010-02-23)
The levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and dibenzofuran (PCDD/PCDFs), and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) were determined in sediment samples from Can Gio, South Vietnam, and Osaka, Japan. Can Gio is known for the defoliation of its mangrove forests by aerial spraying
A silica based monolithic capillary column derivatized with O-9-(tert-butylcarbamoyl)quinidine was prepared for CEC enantiomer separation of chiral 2-aryloxypropionic acid herbicides including inter alia dichlorprop, mecoprop and fenoprop. The silica monolith had a relatively low surface coverage with chiral cationic selector
The Science of the total environment, 506-507, 621-630 (2014-12-01)
The fate and transport of 2,3,7,8-tetrachloro-p-dibenzodioxin (TCDD) released into the environment of South Vietnam (SVN) as a consequence of the aerial application of the herbicidal defoliant Agent Orange (AO) were simulated for a generic upland forest scenario and followed over
During the Vietnam War, US and allied military sprayed approximately 77 million liters of tactical herbicides including Agent Orange, contaminated with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. To the authors' knowledge, few studies to date have examined the association between Agent Orange exposure and cancer
The evaluation of the safety of 2,4,5-T to birds in areas treated for vegetation control.
Japanese journal of clinical oncology, 40(6), 593-595 (2010-04-13)
Desmoplastic small round-cell tumor is an uncommon, highly aggressive tumor with a predilection for pediatric age groups and young adults. It is very unusual in the elderly population. Although Agent Orange has been associated with soft-tissue sarcoma, an association with
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(4), 1918-1924 (2012-07-11)
α-Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), β-HCH, and γ-HCH (lindane) were recently included as new persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the Stockholm Convention. Therefore, the chemicals need to be globally addressed, including the disposal of historic wastes. At most sites, the approximately 85% of
Sixty-nine fungal strains were isolated countrywide from 10 Vietnamese soils, in areas both with and without a history of exposure to Agent Orange, and their degrading activities on the phenoxy acid herbicides 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), as