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Yujiao Sun et al.
Food chemistry, 170, 22-29 (2014-10-13)
The polysaccharide LbGp1 from Lycium barbarum L. was sulphated with sulphur trioxide-pyridine complex in DMF, yielding two sulphated polysaccharides, which were LbGp1-OL-SL with 13.7% sulphate content, and LbGp1-OL-SH with 27.4% sulphate content. The sulphation patterns were analysed using a GC-MS...
Anita Toulmin et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(13), 3720-3730 (2008-06-19)
Partition coefficients were measured for 47 compounds in the hexadecane/water ( P hxd) and 1-octanol/water ( P oct) systems. Some types of hydrogen bond acceptor presented by these compounds to the partitioning systems are not well represented in the literature...
Guowei Zhang et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0120809-e0120809 (2015-03-24)
Huperzine A is important in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. There are major challenges for the mass production of huperzine A from plants due to the limited number of huperzine-A-producing plants, as well as the low content of huperzine A...
Cyclostellettamines AF, pyridine alkaloids which inhibit binding of methyl quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, from the marine sponge, Stelletta maxima.
Fusetani N, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 35(23), 3967-3970 (1994)
Isabella M Guimaraes et al.
Molecular brain, 8, 24-24 (2015-04-18)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) is involved in various brain functions, including memory, cognition and motor behavior. Regarding locomotor activity, we and others have demonstrated that pharmacological antagonism of mGluR5 promotes hyperkinesia in mice. Moreover, increased locomotor activity can...
Danilo M Daloso et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 38(11), 2353-2371 (2015-04-15)
Transcriptomic and proteomic studies have improved our knowledge of guard cell function; however, metabolic changes in guard cells remain relatively poorly understood. Here we analysed metabolic changes in guard cell-enriched epidermal fragments from tobacco during light-induced stomatal opening. Increases in...
Giorgio Ottaviani et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 50(4), 742-748 (2007-02-16)
The development of in silico and in vitro tools to estimate or predict the passive human skin permeation and distribution of new chemical entities, useful in dermal drug delivery, in absorption studies of toxic compounds, and in the cosmetics industry...
Maurus Biedermann et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1272, 106-115 (2012-12-25)
Legislation on food contact materials, mainly focusing on food safety, requires the absence of potentially harmful substances in the migrate from packaging materials. For recycled paperboard with essentially unknown input this presupposes comprehensive analysis of all substances potentially migrating above...
Michał Brokl et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 216-229 (2014-12-03)
A method involving headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS) was developed and applied to evaluate profiles of volatile compounds present in mainstream tobacco smoke particulate matter trapped on glass fiber...
Ngoc-Duc Doan et al.
Biopolymers, 104(5), 629-635 (2015-03-20)
The conformation of the N-amino-imidazolidin-2-one (Aid) peptidomimetic was investigated using NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. In solution, the tetrapeptide model p-bromobenzoyl-Aid-l-Phe-N'-iso-propylamide (1) exhibited shielded and solvent exposed amide protons indicative of a turn conformation. In the crystal lattice of 1...
Evgeni Eltzov et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(7), 3655-3661 (2015-03-17)
Indoor air pollution became a recent concern found to be oftentimes worse than outdoor air quality. We developed a tool that is cheap and simple and enables continuous monitoring of air toxicity. It is a biosensor with both a nondisposable...
JeenJoo S Kang et al.
Quarterly reviews of biophysics, 48(4), 453-464 (2015-11-06)
Means to cause an immunogenic cell death could lead to significant insight into how cancer escapes immune control. In this study, we screened a library of five pyrrole-imidazole polyamides coding for different DNA sequences in a model of B-cell lymphoma...
Jerri M Rook et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 40(3), 755-765 (2014-09-23)
Allosteric modulators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5) have exciting potential as therapeutic agents for multiple brain disorders. Translational studies with mGlu5 modulators have relied on mGlu5 allosteric site positron emission tomography (PET) radioligands to assess receptor occupancy...
Total syntheses of complanadines A and B.
Le Zhao et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 52(6), 1722-1725 (2013-01-03)
K F Ho et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 197, 316-324 (2014-12-01)
A sampling campaign was carried out at nine Chinese cities in 2010/2011. Fifteen monocarbonyls (C# = 1-9) were quantified. Temperature is the rate-determining factor of the summertime carbonyl levels. The carbonyl emissions in winter are mainly driven by the primary...
Konstantinos E Farsalinos et al.
Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 17(2), 168-174 (2014-09-03)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate sweet-flavored electronic cigarette (EC) liquids for the presence of diacetyl (DA) and acetyl propionyl (AP), which are chemicals approved for food use but are associated with respiratory disease when inhaled. In total...
Yuya Kodama et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 56(22), 9342-9350 (2013-11-01)
In this study, we developed an assignment-free approach for rapid identification of ligand-binding sites in target proteins by using NMR. With a sophisticated cell-free stable isotope-labeling procedure that introduces (15)N- or (13)C-labels to specific atoms of target proteins, this approach...
Akito Nishizawa et al.
The Biochemical journal, 462(2), 257-265 (2014-06-07)
The coenzyme specificity of enzymes is one of the critical parameters for the engineered production of biological compounds using bacteria. Since NADPH is produced abundantly in photosynthetic organisms, conversion of an NADH-specific enzyme into an NADPH-specific one is a useful...
Harry Adams et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135(5), 1853-1863 (2013-01-31)
The association constants for a family of 96 closely related zinc porphyrin-pyridine ligand complexes have been measured in two different solvents, toluene and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE). The zinc porphyrin receptors are equipped with phenol side arms, which can form intramolecular H-bonds...
Hye-Youn Kim et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(10), 18066-18082 (2015-10-09)
Chamaecyparis obtusa (CO) belongs to the Cupressaceae family, and it is found widely distributed in Japan and Korea. In this study, the anti-proliferative activities of the methanol and water extracts of CO leaves against a human colorectal cancer cell line...
Gregori Casals et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 960, 8-13 (2014-05-02)
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) remains as the gold-standard technique for the study of the steroid metabolome. A main limitation is the need of performing a derivatization step since incubation with strong silylations agents for long periods of time (usually 16...
Pablo de la Iglesia et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(23), 2605-2616 (2014-11-05)
Esterification is one of the most important metabolic routes of lipophilic marine toxins in shellfish. In this work we assessed several chemical acylation reactions aimed at obtaining acyl ester analogues via partial synthesis from the free toxins. The procedures developed...
Peng Bai et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5912-5912 (2015-01-22)
Zeolites play numerous important roles in modern petroleum refineries and have the potential to advance the production of fuels and chemical feedstocks from renewable resources. The performance of a zeolite as separation medium and catalyst depends on its framework structure....
Robert T Burns et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e109535-e109535 (2014-11-13)
Marine sediments can contain B vitamins, presumably incorporated from settled, decaying phytoplankton and microorganisms associated with decomposition. Because B vitamins may be advantageous for the energetically intensive processes of metamorphosis, post-metamorphic growth, and reproduction, we tested several B vitamins to...
R S Sternal et al.
Investigative radiology, 27(12), 1040-1043 (1992-12-01)
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is the solvent most commonly used for in vivo dissolution of cholesterol gallstones. Its limitations, however, include high volatility and flammability along with potential toxicologic concerns. Therapy may take several hours. This study was initiated to...
Haoyu Liu et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 113, 480-489 (2014-09-27)
Polymer design and selection are crucial to the development of amorphous solid dispersions (ASD) for solubilization of otherwise poorly water-soluble drugs. The matrix polymer is required to interact strongly at the molecular level with the drug to prevent recrystallization, but...
Linlin Zhang et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 2913-2924 (2015-05-02)
Our prior screening of microRNAs (miRs) identified that miR-199a-3p expression is reduced in osteosarcoma cells, one of the most common types of bone tumor. miR-199a-3p exhibited functions of tumor cell growth inhibition, suggesting the potential application of miR-199a-3p as an...
Md Mujahid et al.
Journal of proteome research, 14(2), 711-727 (2014-11-13)
Aromatic amines are widely distributed in the environment and are major environmental pollutants. Although degradation of aromatic amines is well studied in bacteria, physiological adaptations and stress response to these toxic compounds is not yet fully understood. In the present...
Jin Wang et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(1), 523-528 (2013-05-08)
The low bandgap 3-hexylthiophene/pyridine copolymers (P3HT/PY) were synthesized and the composites of P3HT/PY and CdSe QDs were prepared. The characterization are performed with 1H NMR, UV-vis, PL, TEM, XPS and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results show that the P3HT/PY copolymers...
Alberto Sánchez-Guijo et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 403-412 (2014-12-17)
Steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency is the underlying cause of the skin condition known as recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI). RXLI patients show scales on their skin caused by high concentrations of cholesterol sulfate (CS), as they are not capable of releasing...
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