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Genesia F Omar et al.
Indian journal of experimental biology, 51(9), 739-745 (2014-01-01)
Somatic embryo-like structures (SELS) were produced in vitro from leaf disk and petiole explants of two cultivars of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch) on Murashige and Skoog medium with different concentrations and combinations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and
Marie Meyer-Monath et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(30), 7785-7797 (2014-11-10)
Meconium is the earliest stool of newborns. It is a complex matrix that reflects the degree of fetal exposure to environmental pollutants. To investigate exposure to xenobiotics, an analytical method was developed to identify and quantify some pesticides and their
Lori A Hoenemeyer
Urologic nursing, 33(2), 87-90 (2013-06-06)
Agent Orange, an herbicide widely used during the Vietnam War, has been linked to various health risks, including urologic malignancy. Exposed veterans are at risk for prostate cancer and may be entitled to compensation if diagnosed with prostate cancer. Current
Qian Hou et al.
Zhong yao cai = Zhongyaocai = Journal of Chinese medicinal materials, 35(5), 675-678 (2012-12-12)
To explore and improve the utilization efficiency of Gentiana macrophylla resources. The germination of Gentiona macrophylla seeds were used as explants to induce calluses; Cultured on various culture media and condition for callus induction and subculture by test; The content
Edward F Krieg
Archives of environmental & occupational health, 68(1), 39-46 (2013-01-10)
Regression analysis was used to estimate and test for relationships between urinary pesticide metabolites and neurobehavioral test performance in adults, 20 to 59 years old, participating in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The 12 pesticide metabolites included
Manju Verma et al.
Indian journal of experimental biology, 50(12), 904-909 (2013-08-31)
An efficient protocol has been developed for regeneration of complete plants through somatic embryogenesis in H. coronarium. Creamish white, pale yellow and brown calli were obtained on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of auxins [2, 4-Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2
Miguel Cacho Teixeira et al.
Trends in biotechnology, 25(8), 363-370 (2007-06-20)
Genomic information and tools are beginning to be used to increase our understanding of how organisms of all types interact with their environment. The study of the expression of all genes, at the genome, transcriptome, proteome and metabolome level, in
Manoharan Rajesh et al.
Protoplasma, 251(5), 1231-1243 (2014-03-19)
Podophyllum hexandrum Royle known as Indian mayapple is an important medicinal plant found only in higher altitudes (2,700 to 4,200 m) of the Himalayas. The highly valued anticancer drug Podophyllotoxin is obtained from the roots of this plant. Due to
Wafa Tayeb et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 22(9), 696-704 (2012-08-17)
The present study evaluated the effects of sub-acute exposure to different doses of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) on rat kidney. Forty animals were divided into four equal groups and treated with different doses of 2,4-D: 0, 15, 75 and 150 mg/kg body
Laura Yesenia Solís-Ramos et al.
Revista de biologia tropical, 61(3), 1095-1107 (2013-09-14)
J. curcas has been studied in different countries and some interesting agronomic, pharmacological and industrial properties have been reported. More recently, it has been considered an important alternative source for biofuel production. The objective of this study was to establish
On Agent Orange in Vietnam.
Richard W Clapp et al.
American journal of public health, 104(10), 1860-1861 (2014-08-15)
Nadine Strehmel et al.
Phytochemistry, 108, 35-46 (2014-12-03)
To explore the chemical composition of root exudates of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana a workflow for nontargeted metabolite profiling of the semipolar fraction of root exudates was developed. It comprises hydroponic plant cultivation and sampling of root exudates under
Marina M Vdovenko et al.
Food chemistry, 141(2), 865-868 (2013-06-26)
Direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was developed. Varying the concentrations of monoclonal anti-2,4-D-antibody and the conjugate of soybean peroxidase and 2,4-D the conditions of ELISA performance were optimised. The chemiluminescent method based on peroxidase-catalysed oxidation
Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, 104, 63-72 (1988-01-01)
Carol J Burns et al.
Critical reviews in toxicology, 42(9), 768-786 (2012-08-11)
A qualitative review of the epidemiological literature on the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and health after 2001 is presented. In order to compare the exposure of the general population, bystanders and occupational groups, their urinary levels were also reviewed. In
Lesa L Aylward et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 118(2), 177-181 (2010-02-04)
Several extensive studies of exposure to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) using urinary concentrations in samples from the general population, farm applicators, and farm family members are now available. Reference doses (RfDs) exist for 2,4-D, and Biomonitoring Equivalents (BEs; concentrations in urine
Sándor Gonda et al.
Phytochemistry, 106, 44-54 (2014-08-02)
Tissue cultures of a medicinal plant, Plantago lanceolata L. were screened for phenylethanoid glycosides (PGs) and other natural products (NPs) with LC-ESI-MS(3). The effects of N source concentration and NH4(+)/NO3(-) ratio were evaluated in a full-factorial (FF) experiment. N concentrations
David H Garabrant et al.
Critical reviews in toxicology, 32(4), 233-257 (2002-08-20)
The scientific evidence in humans and animals relevant to cancer risks, neurologic disease, reproductive risks, and immunotoxicity of 2,4-D was reviewed. Despite several thorough in vitro and in vivo animal studies, no experimental evidence exists supporting the theory that 2,4-D
Association between agent orange exposure and nonmelanotic invasive skin cancer: a pilot study.
Olivier Sorg
Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 135(1), 233e-234e (2014-12-30)
The microbial degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in soil.
E R Sandmann et al.
Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, 101, 1-53 (1988-01-01)
Heping Han et al.
Pest management science, 69(9), 996-1000 (2013-06-21)
The auxinic herbicide 2,4-D amine is known, in vitro, as a cytochrome P450 inducer. The current study uses 2,4-D pre-treatment, at the whole plant level, to study mechanism(s) of non-target site based herbicide resistance to the ACCase-inhibiting herbicide diclofop-methyl in
Mirlaine R Freitas et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 93(4), 489-492 (2014-08-20)
Soil sorption, described as logK OC (the logarithm of the soil/water partition coefficient normalized to organic carbon), was modeled using the augmented multivariate image analysis applied to quantitative structure-property relationship method for a series of 11 carboxylic acid herbicides. The
Avik J Ghoshdastidar et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 20(8), 5188-5197 (2013-01-31)
Phenoxyacetic and benzoic acid herbicides are widely used agricultural, commercial, and domestic pesticides. As a result of high water solubility, mobility, and persistence, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), methylchlorophenoxypropionic acid (mecoprop), and 3,6-dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid (dicamba) have been detected in surface and waste
Gui-Xiang Wan et al.
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica, 37(24), 3799-3802 (2013-05-01)
To determine the content of baicalin in Scutellaria baicalensis callus induced by different doncentrations of exogenous hormones. HPLC system was adopted to determine baicalin in S. baicalensis callus. Chromatographic conditions: ODS column was adopted, with methanol-water-phosphate (47: 53: 0.2) as
Science and law. When scientific research and legal practice collide.
R Camilli et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6102), 1608-1609 (2012-09-29)
Osamu Kimura et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 37(9), 1475-1479 (2014-09-02)
The uptake mechanism of aristolochic acid I (AAI) was investigated using Caco-2 cells cultured on dishes and permeable membranes. The uptake of AAI from the apical membrane of Caco-2 cells cultured on a dish was rapid, and a decrease in
Maciej Ostrowski et al.
Journal of plant physiology, 170(4), 361-368 (2013-01-22)
The formation of auxin conjugates is one of the important regulatory mechanisms for modulating IAA action. Several auxin-responsive GH3 genes encode IAA-amide synthetases that are involved in the maintenance of hormonal homeostasis by conjugating excess IAA to amino acids. Recently
Harshita Pandey et al.
Protoplasma, 252(2), 647-655 (2014-10-14)
Betulinic acid (BA), a pentacyclic triterpenoid, is gaining unmatched attention owing to its unique anti-cancer activity with selective melanoma growth inhibition without damaging normal cells. It is also well-known for its multifaceted pharmacokinetics, entailing antibacterial, antimalarial, anti-HIV and antioxidant merits.
Aklilu Azazh
Ethiopian medical journal, 48(3), 243-246 (2010-11-16)
2,4-D (2, 4 dichlophenoxy acetic acid) poisoning is a rare phenomenon, but it is appearing more frequently as agrochemical usage of these agents is increasing in Ethiopia. Here the clinical features and outcomes of three cases due to 2, 4-D
Minhee Kim et al.
Chemosphere, 93(1), 133-139 (2013-06-05)
The cosolvency model was not applicable for predicting the sorption of organic carboxylic acids. The reason of inapplicability was investigated by analyzing the solubility (Sm) and sorption (Km) of benzoic acid, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP). The Sm and
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