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Fengcheng Li et al.
Bioresource technology, 130, 629-637 (2013-01-22)
Xylans are the major hemicelluloses in grasses, but their effects on biomass saccharification remain unclear. In this study, we examined the 79 representative Miscanthus accessions that displayed a diverse cell wall composition and varied biomass digestibility. Correlation analysis showed that
Thandavarayan Maiyalagan et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(15), 7849-7857 (2014-07-16)
Supported tungsten carbide is an efficient and vital nanomaterial for the development of high-performance, sensitive, and selective electrochemical sensors. In this work, tungsten carbide with tube-like nanostructures (WC NTs) supported platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) are synthesized and explored as an efficient
Aline R Schindler et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 53(5), 801-808 (2014-10-03)
The parallelization of clinically relevant antigens in a microarray format is of growing importance due to the ability to measure multiple antigen-antibody interactions. With the development of a microarray for the detection of antiphospholipid antibodies we focussed on one important
Loreen O Villacorte et al.
Water research, 70, 300-312 (2014-12-30)
Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) and their precursors produced by phyto-/bacterio-planktons in fresh and marine aquatic environments are increasingly considered as a major contributor to organic/particulate and biological fouling in micro-/ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis membrane (RO) systems. However, currently established methods
Keisuke Sato et al.
Nanoscale, 6(11), 6092-6101 (2014-05-03)
Inorganic/organic hybrid radial heterojunction solar cells that combine vertically-aligned n-type silicon nanowires (SiNWs) with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene-sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) have great potential for replacing commercial Si solar cells. The chief advantage of such solar cells is that they exhibit higher absorbance for a
Martina Pasini et al.
New biotechnology, 33(1), 78-90 (2015-09-04)
The over-expression of proteins in recombinant host cells often requires a significant amount of resources causing an increase in the metabolic load for the host. This results in a variety of physiological responses leading to altered growth parameters, including growth
Jingjing Wang et al.
Life sciences, 120, 31-38 (2014-12-03)
Myriocin is a fungal metabolite with antiviral activity, including influenza, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C viruses. We investigated whether myriocin has activity against human HSV-2, one of the most prevalent pathogens of sexually transmitted disease. Cell culture systems were used
Richie Khanna et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102092-e102092 (2014-07-19)
Pompe disease is an inherited lysosomal storage disorder that results from a deficiency in acid α-glucosidase (GAA) activity due to mutations in the GAA gene. Pompe disease is characterized by accumulation of lysosomal glycogen primarily in heart and skeletal muscles
Xiangjiang Liu et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17167-17167 (2015-12-01)
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) can significantly boost the inherently weak Raman scattering signal and provide detailed structural information and binding nature of the molecules on the surface. Despite the long history of this technology, SERS has yet to become a
Marine Angé et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 21(15) (2020-08-08)
Vascular hyperpermeability is a determinant factor in the pathophysiology of sepsis. While, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is known to play a role in maintaining endothelial barrier function in this condition. Therefore, we investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms of this protective
Laura Herrero et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 853, 625-636 (2014-12-04)
Phthalates (PAEs) are ubiquitous toxic chemical compounds. During the last few years, some phthalate metabolites (MPAEs) have been proposed as appropriate biomarkers in human urine samples to determine PAE human intake and exposure. So, it is necessary to have fast
Sarah K Sihvonen et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 118(38), 8787-8796 (2014-09-12)
Mineral dust aerosol is one of the largest contributors to global ice nuclei, but physical and chemical processing of dust during atmospheric transport can alter its ice nucleation activity. In particular, several recent studies have noted that sulfuric and nitric
Elena Pascual et al.
Journal of virology, 89(5), 2563-2574 (2014-12-19)
Bioengineering of viruses and virus-like particles (VLPs) is a well-established approach in the development of new and improved vaccines against viral and bacterial pathogens. We report here that the capsid of a major avian pathogen, infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV)
Inn Shi Tan et al.
Bioresource technology, 199, 336-346 (2015-08-19)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of red macroalgae Eucheuma cottonii (EC) as feedstock for third-generation bioethanol production. Dowex (TM) Dr-G8 was explored as a potential solid catalyst to hydrolyzed carbohydrates from EC or macroalgae extract
Qiang Peng et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 595-600 (2015-10-17)
An immunologically active arabinogalactan (LRGP3) was selectively degraded by acetolysis, mild acid hydrolysis and enzymatic digestion. After exo-α-l-arabinofuranosidase digestion, 56% of the arabinosyl chains were released. The resistant product (LRGP3-AF) had markedly increased complement fixating activities. The acid hydrolysis product
Y T Tu et al.
Journal of hazardous materials, 278, 433-443 (2014-07-06)
In this study, microcosm and pilot-scale experiments were performed to investigate the capability and effectiveness of Pseudomonas mendocina NSYSU (P. mendocina NSYSU) on the bioremediation of octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (OCDD)-contaminated soils. The objectives were to evaluate the (1) characteristics of P. mendocina
D Draganescu et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 72, 614-623 (2014-09-23)
Flaxseed lignans are a natural source of useful biologically active components that show a diverse spectrum of health-promoting properties. The valuable effects of the phenolic molecules are mainly due to their antioxidant activity by preventing oxidative stress and stimulate collagen
Björn Harink et al.
Electrophoresis, 36(3), 475-484 (2014-09-30)
We present here a screening method based on a microfluidic platform, which can generate four orthogonal and overlapping concentration gradients of soluble compounds over a monolayer of cells, in combination with automated and in situ image analysis, for use in
Andrea Didier et al.
Toxins, 7(11), 4655-4667 (2015-11-17)
The ability of Bacillus cereus to cause foodborne toxicoinfections leads to increasing concerns regarding consumer protection. For the diarrhea-associated enterotoxins, the assessment of the non-hemolytic enterotoxin B (NheB) titer determined by a sandwich enzyme immunoassay (EIA) correlates best with in
Eshwar Jagerdeo et al.
Journal of analytical toxicology, 39(2), 83-88 (2014-11-30)
The abuse of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and its suspicion in cases of suspected drug-facilitated sexual assault is of keen interest to forensic toxicology laboratories. This paper reports an extraction, separation and detection procedure for GHB in hair utilizing a combination
N Daskalakis et al.
Environmental technology, 34(17-20), 2599-2606 (2014-02-18)
The aim of this study was to identify the heavy metals forms (exchangeable and bound to carbonate, Fe/Mn oxides, bound to organic matter and sulphide, and residual) associated with different fractions of excess sludge produced by a membrane bioreactor (MBR).
Beatrice N Vetter et al.
BMC infectious diseases, 15, 468-468 (2015-10-30)
The detection of HIV-1 p24 antigen in diagnostic tests relies on antibodies binding to conserved areas of the protein to cover the full range of HIV-1 subtypes. Using a panel of 43 different virus-like particles (VLPs) expressing Gag from clinical
Biebele Abel et al.
Journal of immunological methods, 411, 43-49 (2014-06-21)
In this study, we report the use of an enzyme-based hybrid platform, which is comprised of silver island films, enzymes (HRP and AP) and high-throughput screening (HTS) microplates, to enhance the colorimetric response of enzymatic reactions. The hybrid platform was
Haibo Huang et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(10), 2760-2766 (2015-02-24)
Ethanol production from food wastes does not only solve environmental issues but also provides renewable biofuels. This study investigated the feasibility of producing ethanol from food wastes at high solids content (35%, w/w). A vacuum recovery system was developed and
Diane Chauliac et al.
Biotechnology letters, 37(12), 2411-2418 (2015-08-15)
A bio-based process is appealing for purification of L-lactic acid, the major enantiomer of polylactic acid syrup, generated by thermochemical processes at the end of life of PLA-based plastics, from its chiral impurity, D-lactic acid, before reuse. Polylactic acid (PLA)
Henning Schliephake et al.
Journal of clinical periodontology, 42(3), 302-310 (2015-02-03)
To test the immobilization of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165 ) on the surface of titanium implants using DNA oligonucleotide (ODN) anchor strands for the ability to enhance periimplant bone formation. DNA oligonucleotides were anchored to the surface of sandblasted
Ruchira N Wijesena et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 109, 56-63 (2014-05-13)
Chitin nanofibers have been prepared from crab shell as a chitin source using ultrasound assisted fibrillation. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) study showed that the prepared nanofibers were having diameters and lengths primarily in the range of 2-20 nm and 0.3-4
Mohankandhasamy Ramasamy et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10 Spec Iss, 179-190 (2015-09-09)
Escherichia coli O157:H7 (O157) is a Gram negative and highly virulent bacteria found in food and water sources, and is a leading cause of chronic diseases worldwide. Diagnosis and prevention from the infection require simple and rapid analysis methods for
Tristan Gollnest et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8716-8716 (2015-10-28)
The antiviral activity of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors is often limited by ineffective phosphorylation. We report on a nucleoside triphosphate (NTP) prodrug approach in which the γ-phosphate of NTPs is bioreversibly modified. A series of TriPPPro-compounds bearing two lipophilic masking
Zoe M Smith et al.
Talanta, 130, 221-225 (2014-08-28)
Previous applications of manganese(IV) as a chemiluminescence reagent have required the use of formaldehyde to enhance the emission intensity to analytically useful levels. However, this known human carcinogen (by inhalation) is not ideal for routine application. A wide range of
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