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Rocchina Sabia et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1363, 144-149 (2014-08-21)
Diazepam and the structurally related 1,4-benzodiazepin-2-ones tetrazepam, prazepam and flunitrazepam are chiral molecules because they adopt a ground state conformation featuring a non-planar seven membered ring devoid of any reflection-symmetry element. The two conformational enantiomers of this class of benzodiazepines
Nadège Minois et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102435-e102435 (2014-07-11)
Spermidine is a natural polyamine involved in many important cellular functions, whose supplementation in food or water increases life span and stress resistance in several model organisms. In this work, we expand spermidine's range of age-related beneficial effects by demonstrating
Weiwei Zhang et al.
Marine pollution bulletin, 99(1-2), 28-34 (2015-08-25)
Microplastics provide a mechanism for the long-range transport of hydrophobic chemical contaminants to remote coastal and marine locations. In this study, plastic resin pellets were collected from Zhengmingsi Beach and Dongshan Beach in China. The collected pellets were analyzed for
Joachim G Schulz et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 7805-7805 (2015-01-16)
The brain's impotence to utilize long-chain fatty acids as fuel, one of the dogmas in neuroscience, is surprising, since the nervous system is the tissue most energy consuming and most vulnerable to a lack of energy. Challenging this view, we
A Kaufmann et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 862, 41-52 (2015-02-16)
An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography based method, coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-HRMS), was developed to permit the detection and quantification of various nitrofuran and chloramphenicol residues in a number of animal based food products. This method is based
Lindsay Perusek et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(48), 29035-29044 (2015-10-16)
Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved catabolic mechanism that relieves cellular stress by removing/recycling damaged organelles and debris through the action of lysosomes. Compromised autophagy has been implicated in many neurodegenerative diseases, including retinal degeneration. Here we examined retinal phenotypes resulting
Marco Nestola et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(1), 297-308 (2014-09-07)
An online normal-phase liquid chromatography-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC-GC-MS) method was developed for the determination of vitamins D2 and D3 in selected food matrices. Transfer of the sample from HPLC to GC was realized by large volume on-column injection; detection was
Richard W D Welford et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114669-e114669 (2014-12-06)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a devastating, neurovisceral lysosomal storage disorder which is characterised by variable manifestation of visceral signs, progressive neuropsychiatric deterioration and premature death, caused by mutations in the NPC1 and NPC2 genes. Due to the complexity
Kuaifei Xia et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 38(12), 2662-2673 (2015-05-28)
Cuticular wax forms a hydrophobic layer covering aerial plant organs and acting as a protective barrier against biotic and abiotic stresses. Compared with well-known wax biosynthetic pathway, molecular regulation of wax biosynthesis is less known. Here, we show that rice
Hiroshi Nakano et al.
Chemistry & biodiversity, 11(7), 1001-1009 (2014-07-22)
Structureactivity relationships of nine thiophenes, 2,2': 5',2″-terthiophene (1), 2-chloro-4-[5-(penta-1,3-diyn-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl]but-3-yn-1-yl acetate (2), 4-(2,2'-bithiophen-5-yl)but-3-yne-1,2-diyl diacetate (3), 4-[5-(penta-1,3-diyn-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl]but-3-yne-1,2-diyl diacetate (4), 4-(2,2'-bithiophen-5-yl)-2-hydroxybut-3-yn-1-yl acetate (5), 2-hydroxy-4-[5-(penta-1,3-diyn-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl]but-3-yn-1-yl acetate (6), 1-hydroxy-4-[5-(penta-1,3-diyn-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl]but-3-yn-2-yl acetate (7), 4-(2,2'-bithiophen-5-yl)but-3-yne-1,2-diol (8), and 4-[5-(penta-1,3-diyn-1-yl)thiophen-2-yl]but-3-yne-1,2-diol (9), isolated from the roots of Echinops transiliensis, were studied as
Luis M Rodríguez-Alcalá et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(42), 9341-9348 (2015-10-10)
The banned pesticide dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its main metabolite, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), are commonly found in the food chain and in all tissues of living organisms. DDE is associated with metabolic diseases acting as an endocrine disruptor and more recently with
Masanobu Mizuta et al.
The Laryngoscope, 124(10), E411-E417 (2014-04-26)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are associated with aging. Astaxanthin (AST) is a strong antioxidant and has been reported to prevent various ROS-induced diseases. In the current study, we investigated the effect of AST on age-associated histological and mRNA changes of
Gurpreet Kaur et al.
Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions, 19(2), 327-344 (2014-12-18)
Microbial adaptations to environmental extremes, including high temperature and low pH conditions typical of geothermal settings, are of interest in astrobiology and origin of life investigations. The lipid biomarkers preserved in silica deposits associated with six geothermal areas in the
Jhi Biau Foo et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14, 197-197 (2014-06-21)
Dillenia suffruticosa root dichloromethane extract (DCM-DS) has been reported to exhibit strong cytotoxicity towards breast cancer cells. The present study was designed to investigate the cell cycle profile, mode of cell death and signalling pathways of DCM-DS-treated human caspase-3 deficient
Bilal Yilmaz et al.
Journal of chromatographic science, 53(7), 1037-1043 (2015-01-27)
A sensitive and efficient method was developed for determination of tramadol and its metabolite (O-desmethyltramadol) in human urine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Tramadol, O-desmethyltramadol and medazepam (internal standard) were extracted from human urine with a mixture of ethylacetate and diethylether
Tianyang Guo et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 1004, 17-22 (2015-10-06)
Natural trans-1,4-polyisoprene (TPI) as a functional biomaterial has aroused great interest for rubber industrial product use. Here, we proposed a method that enables simultaneous analysis of the content and molecular-weight distribution (MWD) of natural TPI by gel permeation chromatography (GPC).
Masashi Morita et al.
Metabolic brain disease, 30(6), 1359-1367 (2015-06-26)
The dysfunction of ABCD1, a peroxisomal ABC protein, leads to the perturbation of very long chain fatty acid (VLCFA) metabolism and is the cause of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy. Abcd1-deficient mice exhibit an accumulation of saturated VLCFAs, such as C26:0, in all
Mateus B Pereira et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 987-994 (2014-08-26)
Pollution of water sources by pesticides is a result of intensive use of these compounds, and the establishment of analytical methods for monitoring programs is very important. This paper presents a method for the determination of multiclass pesticide residues in
n-Hexane neurotoxicity: a mechanism involving pyrrole adduct formation in axonal cytoskeletal protein.
A P DeCaprio
Neurotoxicology, 8(1), 199-210 (1987-01-01)
Monique Chalansonnet et al.
Neurotoxicology, 35, 71-83 (2012-12-29)
The mechanisms of action involved in the neurotoxicity of solvents are poorly understood. In vitro studies have suggested that the effects of some solvents might be due to the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study assesses hydroxyl radical
B Pippi et al.
Journal of applied microbiology, 118(4), 839-850 (2015-01-08)
To evaluate the ability of Candida parapsilosis and Candida glabrata to develop phenotypic resistance to a benzophenone enriched fraction obtained from Brazilian red propolis (BZP-BRP) as compared to fluconazole (FLC). To investigate possible synergy between BZP-BRP and FLC and anidulafungin
Terry C Major et al.
Biomaterials, 35(26), 7271-7285 (2014-06-15)
Nitric oxide (NO) releasing (NORel) materials have been extensively investigated to create localized increases in NO concentration by the proton driven diazeniumdiolate-containing polymer coatings and demonstrated to improve extracorporeal circulation (ECC) hemocompatibility. In this work, the NORel polymeric coating composed
Sreenivasan Koliyat Parayil et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 15(9), 7285-7292 (2015-12-31)
TiO2-SiO2 mixed oxide photocatalyst materials responsive to simulated solar light illumination have been synthesized by sol-gel method in various polar and nonpolar organic solvent mixtures. The photocatalysts were characterized by numerous experimental techniques and investigated for the photocatalytic conversion of
Christoph Hutzler et al.
Archives of toxicology, 88(7), 1295-1308 (2014-06-25)
Electronic (e-)cigarettes have emerged in recent years as putative alternative to conventional tobacco cigarettes. These products do not contain typical carcinogens that are present in tobacco smoke, due to the lack of combustion. However, besides nicotine, hazards can also arise
H A Ramirez Ramirez et al.
Journal of dairy science, 98(3), 1903-1914 (2014-12-31)
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the additive effects of starch and fat as risk factors associated with milk fat depression in dairy diets containing corn dried distillers grains with solubles. In experiment 1, 4 multiparous ruminally cannulated Holstein cows
Takako Furukawa et al.
Nuclear medicine and biology, 41(8), 653-659 (2014-07-06)
The intratumoral distributions of [(18)F]FDG and [(64)Cu]Cu-ATSM have been reported to be similar in adenocarcinomas but different in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in clinical studies. In the present study, we compared the intratumoral distributions of these two tracers in cancer
Marina Venzon Antunes et al.
Talanta, 132, 775-784 (2014-12-06)
A LC-MSMS method for the simultaneous determination of tamoxifen, N-desmethyltamoxifen, 4-hydroxytamoxifen and endoxifen in dried blood spots samples was developed and validated. The method employs an ultrasound-assisted liquid extraction and a reversed phase separation in an Acquity(®) C18 column (150×2.1
Vincent O Oninla et al.
Journal of lipid research, 55(12), 2606-2619 (2014-10-24)
During endocytosis, membrane components move to intraluminal vesicles of the endolysosomal compartment for digestion. At the late endosomes, cholesterol is sorted out mainly by two sterol-binding proteins, Niemann-Pick protein type C (NPC)1 and NPC2. To study the NPC2-mediated intervesicular cholesterol
S Pradeep et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 112, 114-121 (2014-12-03)
This study describes how Achromobacter denitrificans strain SP1, a novel isolate from heavily plastics-contaminated sewage sludge efficiently consumed the hazardous plasticizer, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) as carbon source supplemented in a simple basal salt medium (BSM). Response surface methodology was employed for
Mateus Fortes Rossato et al.
Inflammation, 38(2), 606-615 (2014-08-15)
Vitamin E (vit-E) is a lipophilic antioxidant, and its anti-inflammatory activity is still not full characterized. Thus, our goal was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of repeated vit-E treatment in the arthritis induced by the intraplantar injection of complete Freund's
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