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J A Tree et al.
Journal of virology, 89(8), 4335-4344 (2015-02-06)
To evaluate new vaccines when human efficacy studies are not possible, the FDA's "Animal Rule" requires well-characterized models of infection. Thus, in the present study, the early pathogenic events of monkeypox infection in nonhuman primates, a surrogate for variola virus
Zachary A Cooper et al.
Cancer immunology research, 2(7), 643-654 (2014-06-07)
BRAF-targeted therapy results in objective responses in the majority of patients; however, the responses are short lived (∼6 months). In contrast, treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors results in a lower response rate, but the responses tend to be more durable.
P B Marangon et al.
Journal of neuroendocrinology, 26(11), 796-804 (2014-08-13)
In addition to its action in the control of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) has been described as an anorexigenic neuropeptide, modulating food intake and energy expenditure. CRF synthesis is influenced by leptin, which would act to increase CRF
Nicolas Salez et al.
The Journal of infection, 69(2), 182-189 (2014-04-08)
The epidemiology of Influenza C virus (FLUCV) infections remains poorly characterised. Here, we have examined the age- and location-specific seroprevalence of antibodies against FLUCV in 1441 sera from metropolitan continental France (Marseille), South-West Indian Ocean French territories (Reunion Island) and
Yang Zhang et al.
The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants, 29(5), 1137-1142 (2014-09-13)
This study investigated whether the nonincision placement of miniscrews could lead to ectopic implantation of epithelium at the bone-implant interface and, if so, whether the epithelial cells could survive. The fate of grafted epithelial cells was also investigated. Ten healthy
Spela Može Bornšek et al.
Food chemistry, 173, 61-69 (2014-12-04)
Bilberries processed into spreads represent an important source of anthocyanins if these remain rich in the final product. The effects of thermal processing were studied with non-ground and ground bilberries processed into spreads according to industrial and home-made procedures. Samples
M Miranda et al.
FEBS letters, 588(24), 4815-4824 (2014-12-03)
The post-translational palmitoylation of WNT morphogens is critical for proper signaling during embryogenesis and adult homeostasis. The addition of palmitoyl groups to WNT proteins is catalyzed by Porcupine (PORCN). However, the Wnt amino acid residues required for recognition and palmitoylation
Ahmed Abdeen et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 307(11), F1227-F1237 (2014-10-24)
Urinary exosomes are nano-sized vesicles secreted into urine from all types of renal epithelial cells and are known to contain possible biomarker proteins for renal diseases. Gentamicin has been reported to decrease the level of renal aquaporin (AQP)2, which is
Moritz Beck-Broichsitter et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 87(3), 524-529 (2014-03-25)
Manipulation of aerosol characteristics is of special interest for pulmonary therapy, as a suitable particle size optimizes pulmonary deposition. The present study investigated the impact of formulation variables on the aerodynamic particle diameter (d(a)) when nebulized by vibrating-membrane technology. Membranes
Yunbin Xiao et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 1155-1172 (2015-02-25)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents based on chitosan derivatives have great potential for diagnosing diseases. However, stable tumor-targeted MRI contrast agents using micelles prepared from high molecular weight chitosan derivatives are seldom reported. In this study, we developed a
Namon Hirun et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(2), 194-200 (2013-11-16)
Tamarind seed xyloglucan (TSX) is generally used for drug delivery systems. Gallic acid (GA) possesses various pharmacological activities. It has a good solubility and bioavailability but short half-life. To prepare a sustained-release of GA to overcome its relatively short half-life.
Olga S Kustikova et al.
Experimental hematology, 42(7), 505-515 (2014-03-29)
Tetracycline-regulated integrating vectors allow pharmacologically controlled genetic modification of murine and human hematopoietic stem cells and provide the opportunity for time- and dose-controlled reversible transgene expression in hematopoietic stem cells in vitro and in vivo. However, the background activity of
Julia B Cordero et al.
The EMBO journal, 33(13), 1474-1491 (2014-05-03)
The non-receptor tyrosine kinase c-Src, hereafter referred to as Src, is overexpressed or activated in multiple human malignancies. There has been much speculation about the functional role of Src in colorectal cancer (CRC), with Src amplification and potential activating mutations
Meidjie Ang et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 100(4), 1059-1068 (2014-07-18)
Isomaltulose attenuates postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations compared with sucrose in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the mechanism by which isomaltulose limits postprandial hyperglycemia has not been clarified. The objective was therefore to assess the effects of
Thiago M Mello-de-Sousa et al.
Biotechnology for biofuels, 7(1), 129-129 (2014-10-25)
Rut-C30 is a cellulase-hyperproducing Trichoderma reesei strain and, consequently, became the ancestor of most industry strains used in the production of plant cell wall-degrading enzymes, in particular cellulases. Due to three rounds of undirected mutagenesis its genetic background differs from
Ting Wei et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e114447-e114447 (2014-12-06)
The eukaryotic translation factor eEF1A assists replication of many RNA viruses by various mechanisms. Here we show that down-regulation of eEF1A restricts the expression of viral genomic RNA and the release of infectious virus, demonstrating a biological requirement for eEF1A
Jaewang Lee et al.
Theriogenology, 83(2), 285-293 (2014-12-03)
After the ovarian tissue (OT) transplantation, the ischemia-reperfusion injury causes depletion and apoptosis of follicle. Recent reports stated that simvastatin reduces ischemic damage. Therefore, we used the mouse whole ovarian vitrification and autotransplantation models to investigate the effects of simvastatin.
Yumin Wang et al.
Journal of molecular neuroscience : MN, 53(4), 537-545 (2014-01-08)
Pinocembrin (PB), the most abundant flavonoid in propolis, has been proven to have neuroprotective property against neurotoxicity in vivo and in vitro. Our recent study demonstrated the neuroprotective effect of PB against Aβ25-35-induced SH-SY5Y neurotoxicity. However, the mechanism as how
Marie S Møller et al.
Journal of molecular biology, 427(6 Pt B), 1263-1277 (2015-01-07)
Complete hydrolytic degradation of starch requires hydrolysis of both the α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucosidic bonds in amylopectin. Limit dextrinase (LD) is the only endogenous barley enzyme capable of hydrolyzing the α-1,6-glucosidic bond during seed germination, and impaired LD activity inevitably reduces
Xin-Hua Lu et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(6), 8518-8532 (2014-06-25)
The fruit physico-chemical properties, antioxidant activity and mineral contents of 26 pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] genotypes grown in China were measured. The results showed great quantitative differences in the composition of these pineapple genotypes. Sucrose was the dominant sugar
Zhiqiang Ku et al.
Vaccine, 32(34), 4296-4303 (2014-06-21)
Enterovirus 71(EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) are responsible for hand, foot and mouth disease which has been prevalent in Asia-Pacific regions, causing significant morbidity and mortality in young children. Co-circulation of and co-infection by both viruses underscores the importance and
Mitsuhiro Edamura et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107099-e107099 (2014-10-01)
Major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) molecules were recently identified as novel regulators of synaptic plasticity. These molecules are expressed in various brain areas, especially in regions undergoing activity-dependent synaptic plasticity, but their role in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is
Huazheng Liang et al.
Neuroscience letters, 584, 113-118 (2014-12-03)
The present study investigated projections of the mouse oral pontine reticular nucleus (PnO) to the spinal cord by (a) injecting a retrograde tracer fluoro-gold (FG) to the lumbar cord and (b) an anterograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) to PnO.
Mohammad A Rafi et al.
Molecular genetics and metabolism, 114(3), 459-466 (2014-12-24)
Globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD) or Krabbe disease is an autosomal recessive disorder resulting from the defective lysosomal enzyme galactocerebrosidase (GALC). The lack of GALC enzyme leads to severe neurological symptoms. While most human patients are infants who do not survive
Andreas Svensson et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123553-e0123553 (2015-04-16)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common brain tumor in adults. It presents an extremely challenging clinical problem, and treatment very frequently fails due to the infiltrative growth, facilitated by extensive angiogenesis and neovascularization. Pericytes constitute an important part of
Yan-Na Sun et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 93(4), 666-677 (2014-11-26)
This study investigates the effect of insulin combined with idebenone on blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability in experimental streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats as well as the underlying mechanisms. With a diabetic rat model, we show that insulin and idebenone normalize body weight
Yong-Xiang Wu et al.
BMC neuroscience, 15, 136-136 (2014-12-30)
Noise exposure (NE) is a severe modern health hazard that induces hearing impairment. However, the noise-induced ultrastructural changes of blood-labyrinth barrier (BLB) and the potential involvements of tight junction proteins (TJP) remain inconclusive. We investigated the effects of NE on
Takashi Ito et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107409-e107409 (2014-09-18)
Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is found in milimolar concentrations in mammalian tissues. One of its main functions is osmoregulation; however, it also exhibits cytoprotective activity by diminishing injury caused by stress and disease. Taurine depletion is associated with several defects, many
Simone Vincenzi et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(24), 5660-5668 (2014-05-23)
A chitinase was purified from Vitis vinifera Manzoni Bianco grape juice and characterized. On the basis of proteomic analysis of tryptic peptides, a significant match identified the enzyme as a type IV grape chitinase previously found in juices of other
Maliha Shaikh et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 442, 24-32 (2015-01-17)
Measurement of intestinal permeability is important in several diseases but currently several methods are employed. We sought to: (1) develop a new GC based method to measure urinary mannitol, lactulose and sucralose to assess regional and total gut permeability; (2)
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