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P Vacca et al.
Mucosal immunology, 8(2), 254-264 (2014-07-24)
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are developmentally related cells that play an important role in innate defenses and tissue remodeling. So far, only natural killer (NK) cells have been identified and functionally characterized in human decidua where they contribute to induction
Martina Gerber et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0108917-e0108917 (2015-02-11)
Dandy-Walker-like malformation (DWLM) is the result of aberrant brain development and mainly characterized by cerebellar hypoplasia. DWLM affected dogs display a non-progressive cerebellar ataxia. Several DWLM cases were recently observed in the Eurasier dog breed, which strongly suggested a monogenic
Shiyu Zhao et al.
The Journal of surgical research, 191(2), 290-301 (2014-05-02)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide magnetic nanomaterials (SPIO) are tracers used for treatment of central nervous and cardiovascular system complications in animal models. The present study investigated survival and proliferation of SPIO-labeled bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to determine their potential
Francesco Cambuli et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5538-5538 (2014-11-27)
Embryonic (ES) and trophoblast (TS) stem cells reflect the first, irrevocable cell fate decision in development that is reinforced by distinct epigenetic lineage barriers. Nonetheless, ES cells can seemingly acquire TS-like characteristics upon manipulation of lineage-determining transcription factors or activation
Sonam Gupta et al.
Mutation research. Genetic toxicology and environmental mutagenesis, 778, 22-36 (2015-03-03)
The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of the neurotoxins 6-hydroxydopamine and lipopolysaccharide on astrocytes. Rat astrocyte C6 cells were treated with different concentration of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)/lipopolysaccharides (LPS) for 24 h. Both neurotoxins significantly decreased the viability of
Anja M Lehnhardt et al.
Clinical transplantation, 29(4), 359-364 (2015-01-30)
B cells and their regulation by B-cell activating factor BAFF are of growing interest in kidney transplantation (KTx). There is evidence that high serum (s) BAFF leads to increased allosensitization and impaired long-term graft function. We prospectively investigated sBAFF, peripheral
Bo Zhang et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 39(1), 237-246 (2014-12-23)
Fullerenes have been applied to various fields in recent years for their unique physicochemical properties. C60's potential environmental and health risks are therefore being investigated. This work presents the cytotoxicity of aqueous C60 aggregates (nC60) by using the mouse peritoneal
Marc C Engels et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 32(6), 1493-1502 (2014-02-06)
A thorough understanding of the developmental signals that direct pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) toward a cardiac fate is essential for translational applications in disease modeling and therapy. We screened a panel of 44 cytokines/signaling molecules for their ability to enhance
Richard Tuli et al.
Translational oncology, 0 (2014-05-20)
To determine whether poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1/2 (PARP-1/2) inhibition enhances radiation-induced cytotoxicity of pancreatic adenocarcinoma in vitro and in vivo, and the mechanism by which this occurs. Pancreatic carcinoma cells were treated with ABT-888, radiation, or both. In vitro cell viability
Peidong Han et al.
Cell research, 24(9), 1091-1107 (2014-08-16)
While the adult human heart has very limited regenerative potential, the adult zebrafish heart can fully regenerate after 20% ventricular resection. Although previous reports suggest that developmental signaling pathways such as FGF and PDGF are reused in adult heart regeneration
Marjan Tavakkoli et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 52(12), 1550-1557 (2014-09-23)
Finding effective therapies for neurodegenerative diseases is of utmost importance for the aging population. Plants growing in Iran are rich sources of antioxidants and active phytochemicals. The protective capacity of plants, with a special focus on those with reported antioxidant
Jared M Fine et al.
Neuroscience letters, 584, 362-367 (2014-12-03)
In addition to the hallmark accumulation of amyloid and hyper-phosphorylation of tau, brain changes in Alzheimer's disease are multifactorial including inflammation, oxidative stress, and metal dysregulation. Metal chelators have been explored as a less well known approach to treatment. One
Juan Martínez-Aguilar et al.
BMC cancer, 15, 199-199 (2015-04-17)
Mounting evidence demonstrates a causal role for S100 proteins in tumourigenesis and several S100 isoforms have shown utility as biomarkers of several types of cancer. The S100 family is comprised of 21 small isoforms, many of them implicated in important
Seung Jun Kwack et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 77(22-24), 1491-1501 (2014-10-25)
In order to investigate the potential application of blood biomarkers as surrogate indicators of carcinogen-adduct formation in target-specific tissues, temporal formation of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP)-associated DNA adducts, protein adducts, or lipid damage in target tissues such as lung, liver, and kidney
Jianying Huang et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 6), 1627-1642 (2014-04-30)
Sodium channel Nav1.9 is expressed in peripheral nociceptive neurons, as well as visceral afferents, and has been shown to act as a threshold channel. Painful peripheral neuropathy represents a significant public health challenge and may involve gain-of-function variants in sodium
Stuart Ainsworth et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(14), 4341-4349 (2014-05-13)
Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris strains are used globally for the production of fermented dairy products, particularly hard cheeses. Believed to be of plant origin, L. lactis strains that are used as starter cultures have undergone extensive adaptation to the dairy
Fernando P Conte et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(2), 2636-2657 (2015-02-06)
Gedunin, a natural limonoid from Meliaceae species, has been previously described as an antiinflammatory compound in experimental models of allergic inflammation. Here, we report the antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects of gedunin in an acute model of articular inflammation induced by
Manivannan Jothiramajayam et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 77(21), 1269-1280 (2014-10-01)
Fluoride generated the attention of toxicologists due to its deleterious effects at high concentrations in human populations suffering from fluorosis and with in vivo experimental models. Interest in its undesirable effects has resurfaced due to the awareness that this element
Nikki van Bel et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e103552-e103552 (2014-07-30)
The viral integrase (IN) is an essential protein for HIV-1 replication. IN inserts the viral dsDNA into the host chromosome, thereby aided by the cellular co-factor LEDGF/p75. Recently a new class of integrase inhibitors was described: allosteric IN inhibitors (ALLINIs).
Luís D R Melo et al.
Research in microbiology, 165(8), 679-685 (2014-10-12)
Relatively few phages (<10) of coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) have been described. Staphylococcus epidermidis phage vB_SepS_SEP9 is a siphovirus with a unique morphology as a staphylococcal phage, possessing a very long tail. Its genome is unique and unrelated to any
Sahng-Wook Hahm et al.
Journal of medicinal food, 18(1), 31-44 (2014-11-08)
In this study, we found that the total polyphenol and ascorbic acid levels in the fruit of Opuntia humifusa are higher than those in other parts of the plant. We further hypothesized that antioxidants in O. humifusa might affect the
Marta Gritti et al.
Oncotarget, 5(22), 11252-11268 (2014-11-02)
Epidemiological and preclinical studies propose that metformin, a first-line drug for type-2 diabetes, exerts direct antitumor activity. Although several clinical trials are ongoing, the molecular mechanisms of this effect are unknown. Here we show that chloride intracellular channel-1 (CLIC1) is
Valery Radchenko et al.
Nuclear medicine and biology, 41(9), 721-727 (2014-08-05)
The niobium-90 radioisotope ((90)Nb) holds considerable promise for use in immuno-PET, due to its decay parameters (t½ = 14.6h, positron yield=53%, Eß(+)(mean) = 0.35 MeV and Eß(+)(max) = 1.5 MeV). In particular, (90)Nb appears well suited to detect in vivo
S R Collier et al.
Journal of human hypertension, 29(1), 53-57 (2014-05-03)
Obesity-related hypertension is associated with increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), increasing arterial stiffness. Aerobic exercise decreases pulse wave velocity (PWV), therefore a treatment option for hypertension and obesity. Assess RAAS activity and PWV before and after 4 weeks
Joyce Trujillo et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 24(7), 520-528 (2014-07-24)
Cisplatin (CP) is an antineoplastic agent that induces nephrotoxicity and oxidative stress. It is unknown whether renal tight junction (TJ) proteins expression and localization are modified in CP-induced nephrotoxicity. To study if the expression of the TJ proteins occludin, claudin-2
Tatsuro Naganuma et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e101823-e101823 (2014-07-09)
Fatty acids (FAs) are diverse molecules, and such diversity is important for lipids to exert their functions under several environmental conditions. FA elongation occurs at the endoplasmic reticulum and produces a variety of FA species; the FA elongation cycle consists
Jose C Paz et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(48), 17116-17121 (2014-11-19)
In the fasted state, increases in catecholamine signaling promote adipocyte function via the protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB). CREB activity is further up-regulated in obesity, despite reductions in catecholamine signaling, where it contributes
Carolin Müller et al.
Science translational medicine, 6(247), 247ra101-247ra101 (2014-08-01)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive brain tumor in adults. The dogma that GBM spread is restricted to the brain was challenged by reports on extracranial metastases after organ transplantation from GBM donors. We identified circulating tumor
Joel Lindgren et al.
Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology, 15(14), 2132-2138 (2014-09-11)
Protein-based pharmaceuticals typically display high selectivity and low toxicity, but are also characterized by low oral availability, mainly because of enzymatic degradation in the gastrointestinal tract and poor permeability across the intestinal wall. One way to increase the proteolytic stability
Ceren Kutlu et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 31(7), 700-707 (2014-06-26)
The chitosan scaffold, which has both of anticancer and antivascularization effects, was developed for using in local therapy of brain tumours. This is why, poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (50:50) nanoparticles (~200 nm) including an anticancer drug, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), were prepared by emulsion-solvent
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