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Cristina Pavan et al.
Particle and fibre toxicology, 11, 76-76 (2014-12-20)
The hemolytic activity of inhaled particles such as silica has been widely investigated in the past and represents a usual toxicological endpoint to characterize particle reactivity despite the fact that red blood cells (RBCs) are not involved in the pathogenesis
Anne Scheffler et al.
Toxicology letters, 234(2), 81-91 (2015-02-24)
After consumption of red clover-based dietary supplements, plasma concentrations of the isoflavone irilone (IRI) equal that of the well-investigated daidzein. Since some isoflavones are genotoxic, the potential of IRI to induce mutations was investigated. Gene mutations were determined by hypoxanthine-guanine
Zhaoqiang Ding et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 48, 469-479 (2015-01-13)
A novel molecularly imprinted optosensing material based on multi-walled carbon nanotube-quantum dots (MWCNT-QDs) has been designed and synthesized for its high selectivity, sensitivity and specificity in the recognition of a target protein bovine serum albumin (BSA). Molecularly imprinted polymer coated
Hwa Jun Cha et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 10(4), 1663-1670 (2014-07-30)
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation impairs intracellular functions by directly damaging DNA and by indirectly generating reactive oxygen species (ROS), which induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. UV radiation can also alter gene expression profiles, including those of mRNA and microRNA (miRNA).
Jan Zitko et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 23(1), 174-183 (2014-12-03)
Substitution of chlorine in 5-chloro-N-phenylpyrazine-2-carboxamide (1) with simple n-alkylamines yielded a series of 5-alkylamino-N-phenylpyrazine-2-carboxamides (propylamino to octylamino derivatives), which possessed similar or increased activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv compared to parent 5-chloro derivative (1), with MIC ranging from 2.5 to
Lianghua Ding et al.
Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death, 19(8), 1269-1280 (2014-05-23)
Baicalein is a new drug that has shown promising anti-cancer effects against a broad spectrum of tumors. However, the potential effect on osteosarcoma cells and the mechanisms involved are still largely unknown. Resistance to chemotherapy remains a major obstacle in
Chunhua Wan et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 281(3), 294-302 (2014-12-03)
Chronic exposure to excessive manganese (Mn) has been known to lead to neuronal loss and a clinical syndrome resembling idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). p53 plays an integral role in the development of various human diseases, including neurodegenerative disorders. However, the
Christabelle J Darcy et al.
Critical care (London, England), 18(4), R163-R163 (2014-08-03)
Impaired T cell function in sepsis is associated with poor outcome, but the mechanisms are unclear. In cancer, arginase-expressing myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) deplete arginine, impair T cell receptor CD3 zeta-chain expression and T cell function and are linked
Lucas Daniel Trucco et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 28(12), 5262-5276 (2014-09-13)
KLF6 is a member of the Krüppel-like factor family of transcription factors, with diverse roles in the regulation of cell physiology, including proliferation, signal transduction, and apoptosis. Mutations or down-regulation of KLF6 have been described in several human cancers. In
T Sato et al.
Oncogene, 33(42), 5028-5038 (2014-04-22)
Relapse of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is triggered by stem cells with a reconstituting capacity similar to that of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and CML stem cells are a source of resistance in drug therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs).
John P Alao et al.
BMC cancer, 14, 853-853 (2014-11-21)
The RET tyrosine kinase receptor has emerged as a target in thyroid and endocrine resistant breast cancer. We previously reported the synthesis of kinase inhibitors with potent activity against RET. Herein, we have further investigated the effect of the lead
Ming Chen et al.
Medical mycology, 53(2), 194-198 (2015-01-22)
In this study, we investigate the susceptibility of Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis, Candida tropicalis, and Aspergillus fumigatus using the EUCAST microdilution minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) method (final tea supernatant concentration range 5.0-0.005 mg/ml) to 23 different
Wufu Zhu et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 22(24), 6746-6754 (2014-12-04)
A series of 7,8-dihydro-5H-thiopyrano[4,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives (7a-q, 10a-q) were designed, synthesized and their chemical structures were confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, MS and HRMS spectrum.All the compounds were evaluated for the inhibitory activity against mTOR kinase at 10 μM level.
Marilena Vered et al.
BMC cancer, 15, 25-25 (2015-01-31)
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) may be upregulated by hypoxia and acts in a tumor-dependent manner. We investigated CAV1 in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) and its association with clinical outcomes, and studied in vitro possible ways for CAV1 accumulation in the tumor
María C Merino et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 8(7), e2997-e2997 (2014-07-25)
Protein S-palmitoylation, a hydrophobic post-translational modification, is performed by protein acyltransferases that have a common DHHC Cys-rich domain (DHHC proteins), and provides a regulatory switch for protein membrane association. In this work, we analyzed the presence of DHHC proteins in
Sean M Howard et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(1), e1004943-e1004943 (2015-01-30)
Alternative end joining (Alt-EJ) chromosomal break repair involves bypassing classical non-homologous end joining (c-NHEJ), and such repair causes mutations often with microhomology at the repair junction. Since the mediators of Alt-EJ are not well understood, we have sought to identify
Elisa Ceccherini et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 116(5), 856-863 (2014-12-19)
Glioblastoma (GB) is the most common and aggressive primary tumor of the central nervous system. The current standard of care for GB consists of surgical resection, followed by radiotherapy combined with temozolomide chemotherapy. However, despite this intensive treatment, the prognosis
S-H Wen et al.
Free radical research, 48(8), 907-918 (2014-05-23)
15-F2t-isoprostane is not only a specific marker of lipid peroxidation but also demonstrated to have potent bioactivities and can exert deleterious effects via activating thromboxane A2 receptor (TxA2r). We already demonstrated that lipid peroxidation represents a mechanism of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion
Si Chen et al.
Toxicology, 322, 78-88 (2014-05-29)
Sertraline is used for the treatment of depression, and is also used for the treatment of panic, obsessive-compulsive, and post-traumatic stress disorders. Previously, we have demonstrated that sertraline caused hepatic cytotoxicity, with mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis being underlying mechanisms. In
T Nakama et al.
Gene therapy, 22(2), 127-137 (2014-12-17)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a vision-threatening disease characterized by choroidal fibrovascular membrane (FVM) formation, choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and choroidal fibrosis. No safe and effective therapeutic method has been developed for the choroidal fibrosis, although anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy
Martin Skov et al.
Muscle & nerve, 51(1), 65-71 (2014-04-09)
Experimental myotonia induced in rat muscle by ClC-1 chloride channel-inhibited has been shown to be related inversely to extracellular concentrations of Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) ([Mg(2+) ]o and [Ca(2+) ]o) within physiological ranges. Because this implicates a role for [Mg(2+)]o and
Leo A Kim et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(8), 4747-4758 (2014-07-06)
To evaluate the mechanism of tamoxifen-induced cell death in human cultured RPE cells, and to investigate concurrent cell death mechanisms including pyroptosis, apoptosis, and necroptosis. Human RPE cells were cultured until confluence and treated with tamoxifen; cell death was measured
Wei Liu et al.
Oncology reports, 32(5), 1853-1860 (2014-08-15)
Hiwi, also named PiwiL1, is a human homologue of the Piwi family which is associated with stem cells and is overexpressed in several types of cancers. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of Hiwi in cervical
Lia Vassena et al.
Journal of virology, 89(10), 5687-5700 (2015-03-31)
Leukocyte recirculation between blood and lymphoid tissues is required for the generation and maintenance of immune responses against pathogens and is crucially controlled by the L-selectin (CD62L) leukocyte homing receptor. CD62L has adhesion and signaling functions and initiates the capture
Dita Musalkova et al.
Blood cells, molecules & diseases, 54(2), 210-216 (2014-12-03)
The HUMARA assay, the most common method for evaluation of X-inactivation skewing in blood cells, has been reported to be usable in only about 80% of females, emphasizing the need for alternative methods for testing of HUMARA-uninformative individuals. We conducted
Zhengping Zhang et al.
ACS nano, 9(3), 2405-2419 (2015-01-15)
Strategies to modify nanoparticles with biological ligands for targeted drug delivery in vivo have been widely studied but met with limited clinical success. A possible reason is that, in the blood circulation, serum proteins could rapidly form a layer of
Mandi M Hopkins et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(5), 2267-2276 (2015-03-12)
Transient receptor potential, melastatin-2 (TRPM2) is a plasma membrane cation channel with important roles in sensory functions and promoting cell death. However, we demonstrated here that TRPM2 was present in the nuclei of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast adenocarcinoma cells
Chiara Focaccetti et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0115686-e0115686 (2015-02-12)
Antimetabolites are a class of effective anticancer drugs interfering in essential biochemical processes. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) and its prodrug Capecitabine are widely used in the treatment of several solid tumors (gastro-intestinal, gynecological, head and neck, breast carcinomas). Therapy with fluoropyrimidines is
Wanqiu Li et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 479(1), 52-62 (2014-12-30)
The purpose of this study was to develop an alternative submicron emulsion containing three bufadienolides for oral administration and evaluate its preclinical stability, efficacy, and toxicity. The bufadienolide-loaded oral submicron emulsion (BU-OE) was prepared by high-pressure homogenization. The storage stability
N N Hamouda et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 400(1-2), 57-68 (2014-10-30)
In the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, Dapagliflozin (DAPA) is a newly introduced selective sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor which promotes renal glucose excretion. Little is known about the effects of DAPA on the electromechanical function of the heart. This
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