ZooMAb® antibodies represent an entirely new generation of recombinant monoclonal antibodies.
Each ZooMAb® antibody is manufactured using our proprietary recombinant expression system, purified to homogeneity, and precisely dispensed to produce robust and highly reproducible lot-to-lot consistency. Only top-performing clones are released for use by researchers. Each antibody is validated for high specificity and affinity across multiple applications, including its most commonly used application. ZooMAb® antibodies are reliably available and ready to ship when you need them.
Learn more about ZooMAb here.
Clone Apu2 is a ZooMAb® rabbit recombinant monoclonal antibody that specifically detects ubiquitin linked at lysine-48.
Human di-ubiquitin linked at Lys48.
Quality Control Testing
Evaluated by Western Blotting with recombinant linear Ub, Ub K11, Ub K48, and Ub K63.
Western Blotting Analysis: A 1:10,000 dilution of this antibody detected recombinant Ubiquitin K48, but not recombinant Ub K11, Ub K63, and linear ubiquitin.
Immunocytochemistry Analysis: A 1:100 dilution from a representative lot detected Ubiquitin K48-Specific in A431, HeLa, and NIH3T3 cells.
Flow Cytometry Analysis: 1 μg from a representative lot Ubiquitin K48-Specific in HeLa cells.
Affinity Binding Assay: A representative lot of this antibody bound Ubiquitin Lys48 specific with a KD of 9.9 x 10-7 in an affinity binding assay.
Note: Actual optimal working dilutions must be determined by end user as specimens, and experimental conditions may vary with the end user
Anti-Ubiquitin K48-Specific, clone Apu2 ZooMAb®, Cat. No. ZRB2150, is a recombinant Rabbit monoclonal antibody that detects Ubiquitin K48-Specific and is tested in Affinity Binding Assay, Flow Cytometry, Immunocytochemistry, and Western Blotting.
Ubiquitin (Ub) is initially produced as a 229 amino acids Polyubiquitin-B (UniProt: P0CG47) precursor protein encoded by the UBB gene (Gene ID: 7314) or a 685 amino acids Polyubiquitin-C precursor protein (UniProt: P0CG48) encoded by the UBC gene (Gene ID: 7316) in human. Ub exists either covalently attached to another protein, or free (unanchored). When covalently bound, it is conjugated to target proteins via an isopeptide bond either as a monomer (monoubiquitin), a polymer linked via different Lys residues of the ubiquitin (polyubiquitin chains) or a linear polymer linked via the initiator Met of the ubiquitin (linear polyubiquitin chains). Ub is linked covalently via its carboxyl terminus (Gly76) to usually Lys residues in target proteins. In a given target Lys residue can be linked to one single Ub molecule (monoubiquitylated) or to a chain of Ub molecules (polyubiquitylated). In a polyUb chain, Ub molecules can be linked through one of the seven Lys residues (K6, K11, K27, K29, K33, K48, and K63) or through the Ub N-terminus Met1 residue (which generates linear chains). Polyubiquitin chains, when attached to a target protein, have different functions depending on the Lys residue of the ubiquitin that is linked. For example, lysine 6-linked may be involved in DNA repair; lysine 11-linked is involved in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) and in cell-cycle regulation, and lysine 29-linked is involved in lysosomal degradation. Lysine 48-linked chains mark proteins for proteasomal degradation, while lysine 63-linked chains are involved in endocytosis, DNA-damage responses, and in signaling leading to activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa-B. This ZooMAb® recombinant monoclonal antibody, generated by our propriety technology, offers significantly enhanced specificity, affinity, reproducibility, and stability over conventional monoclonals.
Purified recombinant rabbit monoclonal antibody IgG, lyophilized in PBS, 5% Trehalose, normal appearance a coarse or translucent resin. The PBS/trehalose components in the ZooMAb formulation can have the appearance of a semi-solid (bead like gel) after lyophilization. This is a normal phenomenon. Please follow the recommended reconstitution procedure in the data sheet to dissolve the semi-solid, bead-like, gel-appearing material. The resulting antibody solution is completely stable and functional as proven by full functional testing. Contains no biocide or preservatives, such as azide, or any animal by-products. Larger pack sizes provided as multiples of 25 μL.
30 μg/mL after reconstitution at 25 μL per vial. Please refer to guidance on suggested starting dilutions and/or titers per application and sample type.
Storage and Stability
Recommend storage of lyophilized product at 2-8°C; Before reconstitution, micro-centrifuge vials briefly to spin down material to bottom of the vial; Reconstitute each vial by adding 25 μL of filtered lab grade water or PBS; Reconstituted antibodies can be stored at 2-8°C, or -20°C for long term storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaws.
ZooMAb is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.