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V1130

Sigma-Aldrich

Vancomycin hydrochloride from Streptomyces orientalis

BioReagent, suitable for plant cell culture

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C66H75Cl2N9O24 · HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
1485.71
Beilstein:
3704657
NACRES:
NA.72

Quality Level

biological source

Streptomyces orientalis

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥900 μg/mg (as vancomycin base)

form

powder

storage condition

(Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.)

technique(s)

cell culture | plant: suitable

color

off-white to brown

solubility

H2O: 50 mg/mL, clear, colorless to dark yellow (and Very Faint Orange to Faint Orange)

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-positive bacteria

application(s)

agriculture

Mode of action

cell wall synthesis | interferes

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

Cl[H].CO[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]1O[C@H]2C[C@](C)(N)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](C)O2.CN[C@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)NC3[C@H](O)c4ccc(Oc5cc6Oc7ccc(cc7Cl)[C@@H](O)[C@H]8NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CC(N)=O)NC3=O)c(c5)c6)c9ccc(O)c(c9)-c%10c(O)cc(O)cc%10[C@@H](NC8=O)C(O)=O)c(Cl)c4

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General description

Vancomycin is a heptapeptide.
Chemical structure: glycopeptide

Application

Vancomycin hydrochloride from Streptomyces orientalis has been used as:
  • an antibiotic in screening: minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) Streptomyces coelicolor
  • in treating Leishmania infected sand flies
  • in combined antibiotic treatment in asthma induced mice

Packaging

1, 5 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Vancomycin is used for treating methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections and shunt-associated Staphylococcal ventriculitis. It may lead to hypersensitivity reactions like anaphylaxis and red man syndrome. Vanomycin is also used to treat thrombocytopenia and induces drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) on usage.
Glycopeptide antibiotic
Mode of action: Used to block bacterial cell wall biosynthesis at the level of peptidoglycan biosynthesis by inhibiting incorporation of terminal D-alanyl-D-alanine moieties of the NAM/NAG-peptides.
Antimicrobial spectrum: Gram-positive bacteria

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Articles

Inhibition of Cell Wall Biosynthesis by Antibiotics

Inhibition of Cell Wall Biosynthesis by Antibiotics

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