All Photos(1)

V0627

Sigma-Aldrich

Valinomycin

≥98% (TLC), ≥90% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
Cyclo(L-Val-D-HyIva-D-Val-L-Lac-)3: HyIva = α-Hydroxyisovaleric acid, Lac = Lactic acid
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C54H90N6O18
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
1111.32
Beilstein:
78657
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥90% (HPLC)
≥98% (TLC)

form

powder

storage condition

(Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.)

color

white

solubility

DMSO: ≥50 mg/mL
H2O: insoluble

Mode of action

cell membrane | interferes

antibiotic activity spectrum

Gram-positive bacteria
parasites
viruses

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC(C)[C@@H]1NC(=O)[C@H](C)OC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](OC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](C)OC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](OC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](C)OC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](OC1=O)C(C)C)C(C)C)C(C)C)C(C)C)C(C)C)C(C)C)C(C)C)C(C)C

InChI

1S/C54H90N6O18/c1-22(2)34-49(67)73-31(19)43(61)55-38(26(9)10)53(71)77-41(29(15)16)47(65)59-36(24(5)6)51(69)75-33(21)45(63)57-39(27(11)12)54(72)78-42(30(17)18)48(66)60-35(23(3)4)50(68)74-32(20)44(62)56-37(25(7)8)52(70)76-40(28(13)14)46(64)58-34/h22-42H,1-21H3,(H,55,61)(H,56,62)(H,57,63)(H,58,64)(H,59,65)(H,60,66)/t31-,32-,33-,34-,35+,36+,37-,38-,39-,40+,41+,42+/m0/s1

InChI key

FCFNRCROJUBPLU-RPUZOQEISA-N

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Related Categories

General description

Chemical structure: peptide

Biochem/physiol Actions

K+-selective ionophoric cyclodepsipeptide; potassium ionophore which uncouples oxidative phosphorylation, induces apoptosis in murine thymocytes, inhibits NGF-induced neuronal differentiation and antagonizes ET-induced vasoconstriction.

Packaging

10MG,25MG,100MG,500MG

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 1 Dermal - Acute Tox. 1 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Viktor K Jirsa et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 8), 2210-2230 (2014-06-13)
Seizures can occur spontaneously and in a recurrent manner, which defines epilepsy; or they can be induced in a normal brain under a variety of conditions in most neuronal networks and species from flies to humans. Such universality raises the
Alexander Drobyshevsky et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 32(16), 5500-5509 (2012-04-20)
The early antecedents of cerebral palsy (CP) are unknown but are suspected to be due to hypoxia-ischemia (H-I). In our rabbit model of CP, the MRI biomarker, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on diffusion-weighted imaging, predicted which fetuses will develop postnatal
Katrin Feldbauer et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(30), 12317-12322 (2009-07-11)
Since its discovery, the light-gated cation channel Channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) has proven to be a long-sought tool for the noninvasive, light-activated control of neural cells in culture and in living animals. Although ChR2 is widely used in neurobiological applications, little is
Marco Wenzel et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), 47(27), 7641-7643 (2011-06-10)
Compounds containing cyanoguanidine and 3-amino-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine-1,1-dioxide have been studied as anion receptors and transporters. Significant affinity for oxo-anions was observed in organic solution and the receptors were found to function as transmembrane chloride/nitrate antiporters with transport rates enhanced in the presence
TianHua Zhang et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1838(10), 2425-2430 (2014-05-27)
Daptomycin is a lipopeptide antibiotic that is used clinically to treat severe infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. Its bactericidal action involves the calcium-dependent binding to membranes containing phosphatidylglycerol, followed by the formation of membrane-associated oligomers. Bacterial cells exposed to daptomycin

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