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P9416

Sigma-Aldrich

TWEEN® 20

for molecular biology, viscous liquid

Synonym(s):
Polyethylene glycol sorbitan monolaurate, Polyoxyethylenesorbitan monolaurate
CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.31

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

description

non-ionic

assay

≥40.0% (GC)

form

viscous liquid

mol wt

~1228
~1228

composition

lauric acid, ≥40% (balance primarily myristic, palmitic, and stearic acids)

refractive index

n20/D 1.468 (lit.)

CMC

60 mg/L

density

1.095 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

suitability

suitable for molecular biology

foreign activity

Endonuclease-exonuclease and RNase, none detected

InChI

1S/C26H50O10/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-24(30)34-19-18-31-20-22(32-15-12-27)26-25(35-17-14-29)23(21-36-26)33-16-13-28/h22-23,25-29H,2-21H2,1H3

InChI key

HMFKFHLTUCJZJO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Tween®20 is a polyoxyethylene sorbitol ester that belongs to the polysorbate family. It is a nonionic detergent having a molecular weight of 1,225 daltons, assuming 20 ethylene oxide units, 1 sorbitol, and 1 lauric acid as the primary fatty acid. The ethylene oxide subunits are responsible for the hydrophilic nature of the surfactant, while the hydrocarbon chains provide the hydrophobic environment. Sorbitol forms the backbone ring to which the ethylene oxide polymers are attached.

Application

TWEEN 20 is widely used in biochemical applications. It has been used:
  • As an emulsifying agent for the preparation of stable oil-in-water emulsions
  • In pre-extraction of membranes to remove peripheral proteins (used at 2% for extraction of membrane-bound proteins)
  • As a blocking agent for membrane based immunoassays at a typical concentration of 0.05%
  • For lysing mammalian cells at a concentration of 0.005 to 0.5%
  • Along with PBS in the dilution of antibodies in immunohistochemistry technique
  • For washing cells in FISH (Fluorescence in situ hybridization) technique
Non-ionic detergent

Packaging

50, 100 mL in poly bottle

Caution

TWEEN 20 may not be stable to autoclaving, particularly with metal cations in buffer solutions. Autoclaving is not recommended without testing for changes in properties. TWEEN 20 is heat sensitive and will darken when exposed to elevated temperatures. Polysorbates have been reported to be incompatible with alkalis, heavy metal salts, phenols, and tannic acid. They may also reduce the activity of many preservatives. Aqueous solutions of polysorbates undergo autoxidation during storage, with changes being catalyzed by light, increased temperature, and copper sulfate.

Preparation Note

TWEEN 20 is miscible in water (100mg/mL), yielding a clear, yellow solution. It is also miscible with alcohol, dioxane, and ethyl acetate. TWEEN 20 is insoluble in liquid paraffin and fixed oils.

Legal Information

TWEEN is a registered trademark of Croda International PLC

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

527.0 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

275 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Telomere analysis by fluorescence in situ hybridization and flow cytometry.
Magnus H, et al.
Nucleic Acids Research, 26(16), 3651-3656 (1998)
Reynolds, J. E. F., (eds.)
Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 1030-1030 (1993)
Detergents: An Overview.
Neugebauer JM
Methods in Enzymology, 182, 239-253 (1990)
The role of transforming growth factor beta isoforms in tendon-to-bone healing
Kim H M, et al.
Connective tissue research, 52(2), 87-98 (2011)
Henriette L Lanz et al.
BMC cancer, 17(1), 709-709 (2017-11-04)
Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer among women. Currently, there are only a few models used for therapy selection, and they are often poor predictors of therapeutic response or take months to set up and assay. In this...

Protocols

cAMP Assays

cAMP measurements are obtained using an ELISA assay (Harlow and Lane 1988). Commercial radio-immunoassays, or ELISA kits, to assay cAMP can be purchased from various manufacturers.

RNAi In Situ

In Situ Hybridization of Whole-Mount Mouse Embryos with RNA Probes: Hybridization, Washes, and Histochemistry

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